Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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رهف رهق رهل

1. ⇒ رهق

رَهِقَهُ, (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ {يَرْهَقُ}, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. رَهَقٌ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) He, or it, came upon, properly as a thing that covered, him, or it; or came to him, or it; syn. غَشِيَهُ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and (Ḳ) reached, or overtook, him, or it: (El-Fárábee, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or it signifies, (Ḳ,) or signifies also, (Ṣ,) he drew near to, or approached, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) whether he took, or did not take, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) him, or it: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or he followed him, and was near to reaching, or overtaking, him. (JK.) It is said in the Ḳur [x. 27], وَلَا يَرْهَقُ وَجُوهَهُمْ قَتَرٌ وَلَا ذِلَّةٌ, meaning † And there shall not come upon, or overspread, their faces [blackness, or darkness, nor abjectness, or ignominy]. (Ṣ, TA.) And you say, رَهِقَهُ الدَّيْنُ, (Mṣb, TA,) or دَيْنٌ, (Mgh,) Debt, or a debt, came upon him. (Mgh, Mṣb, TA.) And رَهِقَتْنَا الصَّلَاةُ, (inf. n. رُهُوقٌ, Mṣb, or رَهَقٌ, TA,)The time of prayer came upon us. (Mgh,* Mṣb, TA.) And it is said in a trad., إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ فَلْيَرْهَقْهُ, i. e. [When any one of you prays towards the thing,] let him come near to it. (JK, Ṣ. [In the Mgh, إِلَى سُتْرَةٍ فَلْيَرْهَقْهَا, i. e. towards a thing that he has set up for that purpose,, &c.]) One says also, طَلَبْتُ فُلَانًا حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ, inf. n. رَهَقٌ, I sought such a one until I drew near to him, and, as it sometimes means, took him, or, as it sometimes means, did not take him. (Ṣ.) And طَلَبْتُ الشَّىْءَ حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ وَكِدْتُ آخُذُهُ أَوْ أَخَذْتُهُ [I sought the thing until I came near to it, and I almost took it, or I took it]. (Az, Mṣb.) And رَهَقَ شُخُوصُ فُلَانٍ, i. e. † [Such a one's going, or going forth or away,] drew near. (Ṣ.) أَرْهَقْتُهُ↓ also signifies I drew near to it; syn. دَانَيْتُهُ. (Mṣb.) And one says,أَرْهَقَكُمُ↓ اللَّيْلُ فَأَسْرِعُوا, i. e. ‡ The night has drawn near [to you, therefore hasten ye]; syn. دَنَا. (TA.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

You say also, رَهِقَهُ بِمَا يَكْرَهُ, inf. n. رَهَقٌ, He did to him that which he disliked, or hated. (JK.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

And رَهِقْتُ إِثْمًا: see 4.

Root: رهق - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

رَهِقَ as an intrans. v.: see رَهَقٌ, which is its inf. n., below.

2. ⇒ رهّق

رُهِّقَ He was one to whom رَهَقٌ [q. v.] was attributed. (Mgh.) [He was one to whom ignorance was attributed; an object of suspicion in respect of his religion: (see the part. n., below:) or he was suspected of evil conduct.] It is said in a trad., صَلَّى عَلَى ٱمْرَأَةٍ تُرَهَّقُ, (Ṣ, Mgh,) meaning [He prayed over a woman] suspected of evil conduct. (Ṣ.)

3. ⇒ راهق

راهق, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and راهق الحُلُمَ, (JK, Az, Ḳ, all in art. خلف,) inf. n. مُرَاهَقَةٌ, (Mṣb,) He (a boy) was, or became, near to attaining puberty, or virility; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoارهق↓, inf. n. إِرْهَاقٌ. (Mṣb.) And راهقت العِشْرِينَ [She nearly attained the age of twenty]. (Ḳ in art. عصر.)

4. ⇒ ارهق

ارهقهُ طُغْيَانًا i. q. أَغْشَاهُ إِيَّاهُ [i. e. He made excessive disobedience to come upon him, properly as a thing that covered him]; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and أَلْحَقَهُ بِهِ [i. e. made it to reach him, or overtake him, or befall him]. (Ḳ.) It is said in the Ḳur xviii. 79, فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا, meaning [And we disapproved] that he should make excessive disobedience, and ingratitude, to come upon them twain, by his undutiful conduct, so bringing evil upon them: or that he should couple with the faith of them twain his excessive disobedience and his ingratitude, so that there would be in one house two believers and one who was excessively disobedient and ungrateful: or that he should communicate to them twain his excessive disobedience and his ingratitude. (Ksh, Bḍ. [See also خَشِىَ.]) And one says,أَرْهَقَنِى فُلَانٌ إِثْمًا حَتَّى رَهِقْتُهُ↓, meaning Such a one made me to hear the burden of a sin, [as though he made the sin to come upon me as a burden,] so that I bore it. (Ṣ.) And أَرْهَقْتُ الرَّجُلَ أَمْرًا I made, required, or constrained, the man to bear, or endure, a thing, or an event. (Mṣb.) And راهقهُ عُسْرًا He made, required, or constrained, him to do a difficult thing: (AZ, Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ:) or he made a difficulty to come upon him, properly as a thing that covered him; syn. أَغْشَاهُ إِيَّاهُ. (Ksh and Bḍ in xviii. 72.) And ارهقهُ, alone, He demanded of him a difficult thing. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, لَا تُرْهِقْنِى لَا أَرْهَقَكَ ٱللّٰهُ Demand not thou of me a difficult thing: may God not demand of thee a difficult thing. (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ.) And إِرْهَاقٌ signifies also The inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do. (Az, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Signification: A2

You say also, أَرْهَقْنَاهُمُ الخَّيْلَ We made the horsemen to overtake them, or come up with them: (TA:) or to be near doing so. (JK.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Signification: A3

And ارهق الصَّلَاةَHe delayed the prayer (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA) until it approached the other [next after it], (JK,) or until it almost approached the other, (Mgh, Ḳ, TA,) or until the time of the other approached. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Signification: A4

And أَرْهَقْتُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّىَ i. q. أَعْجَلْتُهُ عَنْهَا [i. e. I hurried him so as to prevent him from praying: see similar phrases in art. عجل]. (Ḳ.)

Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Signification: A5

See also 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places:

Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Signification: A6
Root: رهق - Entry: 4. Dissociation: B

ارهقت الدَّابَّةُ السَّرْجَ: see 4 in art. زهق.


رَهَقٌ The doing of forbidden things: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) wrongdoing; wrongful, unjust, in jurious, or tyrannical, conduct: (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ:) it has this meaning in the Ḳur lxxii. 13, (Ṣ, TA,) accord. to Fr; or, as some say, the former mean ing: (TA:) the doing evil: (AA, Ḳ:) and a subst. from إِرْهَاقٌ signifying the inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do: (Az, Ḳ:) lightwittedness; or lightness and hastiness of disposition or deportment; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and excessive disobedience: so in the Ḳur lxxii. 6, (Ṣ, TA,) accord. to some: (TA:) foolishness, or stupidity: lightness, or levity: (Ḳ:) or ignorance, and lightness of intellect: (JK:) and illnature, or evil disposition: (TA:) and haste: (Ḳ:) and lying: (Mgh, Ḳ:) in all these senses, [i. e. in all that have been mentioned above as from the Ḳ, and app. in others also, above and below,] its verb is رَهِقَ↓, aor. ـَ {يَرْهَقُ}, [meaning He did forbidden things: acted wrongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically:, &c.:] (Ḳ, TA:) of which it is the inf. n.: (TA:) and the following meanings also are assigned to it [app. by interpreters of the passages in which it occurs in the Ḳur]: sus picion, or evil opinion: and sin: accord. to Ḳatádeh: lowness, vileness, or meanness; and weakness; accord. to Zj: error; accord. to Ibn El-Kelbee: and bad, or corrupt, conduct: and pride: and soرَهْقَةٌ↓, in these two senses: and the commission of a sin or crime or fault; syn. عَنَتٌ: and the act of reaching, or overtaking [app. of some evil accident]: and perdition. (TA.)


رَهِقٌ A man in whose conduct, or character, is رَهَقٌ [expl. above: i. e. one who does forbidden things:, &c.]: (O:) hasty: quick to do evil: and self-conceited; proud, or haughty. (TA.) And رَهِقَةٌ A vitious woman; or an adulteress, or a fornicatress. (TA.)


رَهْقَةٌ: see رَهَقٌ.


يَعْدُو الرَّهَقَى He runs quickly, so as to require his pursuer to do what is difficult or what is beyond his power (حَتَّى يُرْهِقَ طَالِبَهُ, or, as in the CK, حتّى يُرْهَقَ طَالِبُهُ [which is virtually the same]): (M, Ḳ, TA:) or he runs quickly, so that he almost reaches, or overtakes, (حتّى يَكَادَ يَرْهَقُ,) the object of his pursuit. (JK.)


رُهْقَانُ مِائَةٍ: see what next follows.


رُهَاقُ مِائَةٍ and رِهَاقُ مِائِةٍ As many as a hundred; (AZ, ISk, JK, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoرُهْقَانُ↓ مائة: (so in one of my copies of the Ṣ:) such are said to be a man's camels, (JK,) or such is said to be a company of men. (AZ, ISk, Ṣ.)


رَهُوقٌ A wide-stepping, and quick, or excellent, she-camel, that comes upon him who leads her so as almost to tread upon him with her feet. (En Naḍr, Ḳ.)


رَهِيقٌ Wine: (Ḳ:) a dial. var. of رَحِيقٌ, like as مَدْهٌ is of مَدْحٌ. (TA.)


رَاهِقٌ applied to a boy, and رَاهِقَةٌ applied to a girl, From ten to eleven years old. (TA.) [See also مُرَاهِقٌ.]


رَيْهُقَانٌ Saffron. (JK, IDrd, Ṣ, Ḳ.)


مُرْهَقٌ Reached, or overtaken, (JK, Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) to be slain. (Ṣ, O.)

Root: رهق - Entry: مُرْهَقٌ Signification: A2

Straitened. (Ḥam p. 682.)


أَتَيْنَا فِى العُصَيْرِ المُرْهِقَةِ[app. We came when the time of the afternoon-prayer was drawing near; العُصَيْر being the dim. of العَصْرُ: see the phrase أَرْهَقَكُمُ اللَّيْلُ فَأَسْرِعُوا, near the end of the first paragraph]. (TA.)


مُرَهَّقٌ One to whom men come (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) often, (TA,) and at whose abode guests alight. (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA.)

Root: رهق - Entry: مُرَهَّقٌ Signification: A2

Also One to whom رَهَقٌ [q. v.] is attributed: (JK, Ḳ:) [said in the TA to have no verb; but this is not the case: see 2:] one of whom evil is thought: (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or who is suspected of evil, or of lightwittedness: (TA:) one to whom ignorance is attributed: (Mgh;) an object of suspicion in respect of his religion: (Mgh, TA:) corrupt [in conduct]: one in whom is sharpness [of temper] and lightwittedness. (TA.)

مُرَاهِقٌ / مُرَاهِقَةٌ

مُرَاهِقٌ Near to attaining puberty; applied to a boy: (JK, Mgh, TA:) and with ة {مُرَاهِقَةٌ} applied to a girl. (TA.) [See also رَاهِقٌ.]

Root: رهق - Entry: مُرَاهِقٌ Signification: A2

[Hence,] دَخَلَ مَكَّةَ مُرَاهِقًاHe entered Mekkeh nearly at the end of the [proper] time [to do so as a pilgrim], so that he almost missed the halt at 'Arafát. (Nh, O, Ḳ, TA.) And صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ مُرَاهِقًاHe performed the noon-prayer nearly missing the time. (TA.)

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