Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

Toggle Menu

رنز رنق رنم

1. ⇒ رنق

رَنِقَ, (Ṣ, Ṣgh, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ {يَرْنِقُ}; (Ḳ;) and رَنَقَ, aor. ـُ {يَرْنُقُ}; (ISd, Ḳ;) inf. n. (of the former, Ṣ) رَنَقٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and [of the latter] رَنْقٌ and رُنُوقٌ; (Ḳ;) It (water) was, or became, turbid, thick, or muddy; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoترنّق↓. (Ḳ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

See also 4, in two places.

2. ⇒ رنّق

رنّق, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَرْنِيقٌ, (IAạr, Ṣ,) He rendered water turbid, thick, or muddy; (IAạr, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoارنق↓. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

And the former, He cleared it; rendered it clear: thus it bears two contr. significations. (IAạr, Ḳ.) [Hence,] one says, رنّق ٱللّٰهُ قَذَاتَكَ May God clear away thy قذاة [or mote in the eye; probably meaning † that which annoys thee]. (IAạr, Ḳ)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Dissociation: B

Also, as an intrans. verb, He was, or became, confounded, or perplexed, and unable to see his right course. (TA.) And تَرْنِيقٌ signifies A man's standing, not knowing whether to go or come. (TA.) And The being weak, or infirm, [and, app., disordered, or perturbed,] in sight, and in body, and in an affair or case. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) Hence, (TA,) رنّقوا فِى الأَمْرِ They confused the judgment, or opinion, [that they formed, or they were confused in judgment or opinion,] in, or respecting, the affair, or case. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B2

Also He paused and waited. (TA.) [Hence the saying,] رَمَّدَتِ المِعْزَى فَرَنِّقْ رَنِّقْ, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e. The she-goats have secreted milk in their udders; (JK;) but wait thou, wait thou, (JK, Ṣ, TA,) for their bringing forth, (Ṣ, TA,) for they show signs, but do not bring forth until after some time: (Ṣ:) thou wilt have to wait long for them: (TA:) sometimes it is said with م [in the place of ن], and also with د [in the place of ر]: (Ṣ, TA:) it is mentioned in art. ربق [q. v.]. (Ḳ. [See also art. رمق.])

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B3

Also He continued looking; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA, in this art. and in art. رمق;) like رمّق. (Ṣ and TA in the same two arts.) And you say also, رنّق إِلَيْهِ النَّظُرَ and دنّق [meaning He continued looking at it]. (Ṣ in art. دنق.) And رنّق النَّظَرَ meaning [He looked covertly, or clandestinely; or] he concealed the looking. (TA.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B4

Said of a company of men, They remained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in a place (بِمَكَانٍ), (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and confined themselves therein. (Ṣ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B5

Said of a bird, He flapped his wings in the air, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and remained steady, (Ṣ,) not flying: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or flapped his wings in the air without alighting and without quitting his place: or it has two meanings: i. e. he expanded his wings in the air without moving them: and he flapped his wings. (TA.) Hence, said of a captive, He stretched out his neck on the occasion of slaughter, like the bird expanding his wings. (TA.) [Hence also,] رنّقت السَّفِينَةُ (JK, TA) فِى مَكَانِهَا (JK) The ship turned round in its place without proceeding in its course. (JK, TA.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B6

رنّقت الشَّمْسُ The sun became near to setting. (TA. [See also دنّقت.]) And رنّقت مِنْهُ المَنِيَّةُDeath was near to befalling him: a metaphorical phrase from رنّق said of a bird. (TA.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Signification: B7

رنٌّ النَّوْمُ (Ṣ, Ḳ) فِى عَيْنَيْهِ (Ḳ)Sleep pervaded (خَالَطَ) his eyes, (Ṣ, Z, Ṣgh, Ḳ,) without his sleeping. (Z, TA.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 2. Dissociation: C

تَرْنِيقٌ also signifies The breaking of the wing of a bird by a shot or throw, or by disease, so that he, or it, falls. (Lth, Ḳ.) [You say of the bird رُنِّقَ or رُنِّقَ جَنَاحُهُ His wing was broken, &c. See the pass. part. n., below.]

4. ⇒ ارنق

ارنق: see 2.

Root: رنق - Entry: 4. Dissociation: B

Also He moved about, or agitated, [or waved,] his banner, previously to a charge, or an assault, in war or battle; (IAạr, Ḳ;) and [in like manner,]رَنَقَ↓, inf. n. رَنْقٌ, he moved about,, &c., the banner. (TA.)

Root: رنق - Entry: 4. Dissociation: C

And It (a banner) was moved about or agitated [or waved]; (IAạr, Ḳ;) and [in like manner,]رَنَقَ↓ it (a banner) was moved about, &c. over the heads. (TA.)

5. ⇒ ترنّق


رَنْقٌ Turbid, thick, or muddy, water; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoرَنِقٌ↓ andرَنَقٌ↓. (Ḳ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: رَنْقٌ Signification: A2

Also (TA) Dust in water, consisting of motes, or particles of rubbish, and the like, that fall into it [and render it turbid]; (JK, TA;) and soرَنَقٌ↓. (JK.) Accord. to IB, رَنْقٌ has for pl. رَنَائِقُ; as though this were pl. of رَنِيقَةٌ: (TA:) or الرَّيَانِقُ is pl. ofرَنْقَةُ↓ المَآءِ, (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ, TA,) or of رَنْقَةٌ, (JK,) and is formed by transposition, (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ, TA,) being originally الرَّنَائِقُ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, TA.) One says,مَا فِى عَيْشِهِ رَنَقٌ↓[There is not in his life anything that renders it turbid]. (JK.)

Root: رنق - Entry: رَنْقٌ Signification: A3

Also † Lying, or falsehood, or a lie; syn. كَذِبٌ. (TA.)


رَنَقٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.


رَنِقٌ: see رَنْقٌ.

Root: رنق - Entry: رَنِقٌ Signification: A2

[Hence,] عَيْشٌ رَنِقٌTurbid life. (Ṣ.)


رَنْقَةٌ A small quantity of turbid water remaining in a watering-trough or tank. (TA.) [And accord. to Freytag, رَنْقَآءُ↓ occurs in the Deewán El-Hudhaleeyeen as meaning A small quantity of turbid water.] Accord. to Ibn-ʼAbbád, (TA,) one says, صَارَ المَآءُ رَنْقَةً, (Ḳ, TA,) orرُوْنَقَةً↓, (JK, and so in the CK and in my MṢ. copy of the Ḳ,) meaning The water became such that mud predominated in it: (JK, Ḳ, TA:) but the correct phrase, as given in the “Nawádir” by Lḥ, is, صَارَ المَآءُ رَنْقَةً وَاحِدَةً [The water became one puddle in which mud predominated]. (TA.) See also رَنْقٌ.


رَنْقَآءُ: see the next preceding paragraph.

Root: رنق - Entry: رَنْقَآءُ Signification: A2

Also Land (أَرْضٌ) that does not give growth (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ) to anything: (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád:) pl. رَنْقَاوَاتٌ. (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ.)

Root: رنق - Entry: رَنْقَآءُ Signification: A3

And A female bird sitting on eggs. (Ḳ.)


رَوْنَقٌ The مَآء [or water] of a sword; (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA;) i. e. its فِرِنْد [or diversified wavy marks, streaks, or grain]; (TA;) and its beauty; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or the semblance of water that is seen upon a sword. (JK.)

Root: رنق - Entry: رَوْنَقٌ Signification: A2

And (hence, Ṣ) of the ضُحَى [or early part of the forenoon], (Ṣ, Ḳ,), &c.; (Ṣ;) meaning ‡ The first, or beginning, thereof; (JK,* TA;) and its clearness. (TA.) One says, أَتَيْتُهُ فِى رَوْنَقِ الضُّحَى I came to him in the first, or beginning, of the ضحى; like as one says فِى وَجْهِ الضُّحَى. (TA.) And رَوْنَقُ الشَّبَابِ means ‡ The prime of youth; and its freshness, or brightness, and beauty. (TA.)


رَوْنَقَةٌ: see رَنْقَةٌ.


تُرْنُوقٌ (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ) and تَرْنُوقٌ and تُرْنُوقَآءُ (Ḳ) The mud that is in rivers, and in a channel of water, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) when the water has sunk therefrom into the earth: (Ḳ:) or the thin, and viscous, cohesive, or slimy, mud remaining in a pool of water left by a torrent: (JK:) or the slime of a well, and of the channel of a torrent, mixed with black, or black and fetid, mud. (Mgh voce تِقْنٌ, from the “Jámi'” of El-Ghooree.)


مُرَنَّقُ الجَنَاحِ A bird having the wing broken by a shot or throw, or by disease, so that he, or it, falls. (Ḳ.)


لَقِيتُ فُلَانًا مُرَنِّقَةً عَيْنَاهُ (so in one of my copies of the Ṣ, and in the PṢ and JM; in the other of my copies of the Ṣ مُرَنَّقَةً;)I met such a one having his eyes languid by reason of hunger or from some other cause. (Ṣ.)

Indication of Authorities

Lexicological and Grammatical Terms

Lexicologists and Grammarians Cited