Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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رقل رقم رقو

1. ⇒ رقم

رَقَمَ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ {يَرْقُمُ}, (Mṣb, TA,) inf. n. رَقْمٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) He wrote (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) a writing, book, or letter. (Mṣb.) And He sealed, stamped, imprinted, or impressed. (Ṣ, TA.) And رَقَمَ الِكتَابَ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. as above, (JK,) He marked the writing with the dots, or points, (JK, Ḳ, TA,) and made its letters distinct, or plain. (Ḳ,* TA.) One says, هُوَ يَرْقُمُ المَآءَ, (Ṣ,) or هُوَ يَرْقُمُ فِى المَآءِ, (JK, TA,) [He writes,, &c., upon the water,] a prov., applied to the skilful and intelligent, (JK,* TA,) meaning he is so skilful that he writes, &c., (يَرْقُمُ) where the writing, &c., (الرَّقْمُ,) will not remain fixed. (JK, Ṣ, TA.) And one says of a skilful workwoman, clever in sewing skins and the like, هِىَ تَرْقُمُ المَآءَ and تَرْقُمُ فِى المَآءِ. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

And رَقَمَ الثَّوْبَ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. as above, (JK, Mṣb,) and so the inf. n.; (Mṣb, TA;) andرقّمهُ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. تَرْقِيمٌ; (Ṣ, TA;) He figured, variegated, or decorated, the garment, or piece of cloth; (Mgh, Mṣb, TA;) and (TA) made it striped, or marked it with stripes: (Ḳ, TA:) or, accord. to IF, he figured it, variegated it, or decorated it, with a certain, or known, figuring or variegation or decoration, such as became a mark [thereof]. (Mṣb.) Also the former phrase, (JK, Mgh, TA,) and the latter likewise, (TA,) said of a trader, or dealer, (JK, Mgh,) He marked, or put a mark on, the garment, or piece of cloth, (JK, Mgh, TA,) specifying its price; he put a price-mark upon it: (Mgh:) whence, لَا يَجُوزُ بَيْعُ الشَّىْءِ بِرَقْمِهِ [The sale of the thing by the putting a price-mark upon it shall not be allowable, because the express consent of the seller as well as that of the purchaser is necessary to the ratification of the sale]: (Mgh:) [or] رَقَمْتُ الشَّىْءَ signifies I marked the thing so as to distinguish it from other things, as, for instance, by writing and the like: and hence, لَا يُبَاعُ الثَّوْبُ بِرَقْمِهِ وَلَا بِلَمْسِهِ [The garment, or piece of cloth, shall not be sold by the putting a price-mark upon it, for the reason explained above, nor by the feeling it, or touching it: see 3 in art. لمس]. (Mṣb.)

Root: رقم - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

[Hence,] هُوَ يَزِيدُ فِى الرَّقْمِ is a phrase used by the relaters of traditions as meaning † He adds to his tradition, and lies: from الرَّقْمُ signifying the writing upon a garment, or piece of cloth. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: 1. Signification: A4

You say also, رَقَمَ البَعِيرَHe cauterized the camel. (TA.) [And رَقَمَ الفَرَسَHe (a farrier) marked the horse, making lines upon him, with a hot iron: see مَرْقُومٌ, and see also جَاعِرَةٌ.]

2. ⇒ رقّم

see above {1}, in two places. تَرْقِيمٌ signifies [also] The drawing, and the writing, of a line [or lines]. (KL.)


رَقْمٌ is originally an inf. n. [of 1, q. v.]: and hence رَقْمُ الثَّوْبِ The writing [or price-mark,, &c.,] upon the garment, or piece of cloth. (Ṣ.) [Hence also الرَّقْمُ الهِنْدِىُّ The Indian notation of numerals; adopted by the Arabs; whence is formed the notation which we term “the Arabic.”]

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمٌ Signification: A2

Also A sort of [the kind of garments called] بُرُود: (Ṣ:) or a striped sort of [the kind of garments, or cloth, termed] وَشْى; or of [the kind of cloth termed] خَزّ; or of [the kind of garments called] بُرُود: (Ḳ:) or a garment, or piece of cloth, figured with round forms: (Ḥar p. 416:) or بُرُودُ الرَّقْمِ signifies a sort of figured, or variegated, or decorated, [garments of the kind called] برود: (Mgh:) or رَقْمٌ signifies [cloth of the kind termed] خَزّ figured, variegated, or decorated; (JK, Mṣb;) so accord. to El-Fárábee: (Mgh:) but accord. to IF, رَقِيمٌ↓ signifies any garment, or piece of cloth, figured, variegated, or decorated, with a certain, or known, figuring or variegation or decoration, such as is a mark [thereof]; and you say بُرْدٌ رَقْمٌ and بُرُودٌ رَقْمٌ [a garment of the kind called برد, and garments of the kind called برود, thus figured,, &c.; using the latter word as sing. and pl. because it is originally an inf. n.]: (Mṣb:) andمَرْقُومٌ↓ (Mṣb, TA) andمُرَقَّمٌ↓ (TA) signify a garment, or piece of cloth, figured, variegated, or decorated: (Mṣb, TA:) and striped, or marked with stripes: and marked, or having a mark [specifying its price] put upon it. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمٌ Dissociation: B

See also رَقِمٌ, in two places.


رَقَمٌ: see رُقْمَةٌ:

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقَمٌ Dissociation: B
Root: رقم - Entry: رَقَمٌ Dissociation: C

يَوْمُ الرَّقَمِ The day of Er-Rakam was one of the days [of conflict] of the Arabs, (Ṣ,) well known. (Ḳ.)


A calamity, or misfortune; (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoرَقَمٌ↓ andرَقْمٌ↓; (Ḳ;) all mean thus, and a thing that one cannot accomplish, or manage; (TA;) andرُقْمَةٌ↓ signifies the same as رَقِمٌ. (JK.) One says, وَقَعَ فِى الرَّقِمِ, (TA,) andوَقَعَ فِى الرَّقِمِ الرَّقْمَآءِ↓, (Ṣ,) meaning He fell [into calamity or misfortune, and he fell into great calamity or misfortune, or] into that which he could not accomplish, or manage. (Ṣ, TA.) Andجَآءَ فُلَانٌ بِالرَّقِمِ الرَّقْمَآءِ↓ Such a one brought to pass that which was a great calamity or misfortune. (Aṣ, TA.) And بنْتُ الرَّقِمِ signifies the same as الرَّقِمُ, That which is a calamity or misfortune. (Ṣ, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقِمٌ Signification: A2

One says also, جَآءَ بِالرَّقِمِ andبِالرَّقْمِ↓ meaning [He brought, or did,] much. (Ḳ.)


رَقْمَةٌAny one of several small marks of cauterization upon the shanks of a beast. (JK, T, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمَةٌ Signification: A2

One of what are termed الرَّقْمَتَانِ: (TA:) this signifies two [horny] things resembling two nails (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA) in the legs of a beast (JK, Ḳ, TA) or in the legs of a sheep or goat, (Ṣ,) opposite each other: (JK, Ṣ, TA:) and of the ass and horse, two marks in the inner sides of the two arms: (Ṣ:) or the جَاعِرَتَانِ; (Ḳ, TA;) which are two black spots [or marks made by cauterization] upon the rump of the ass: (TA:) or what borders upon the جَاعِرَتَانِ of the ass, of the mark made by cauterization: or two portions of [callous] flesh next to the inner side of each of the arms of the horse, having no hair upon them. (Ḳ, TA.) Agreeably with all of these renderings has been explained the trad., مَا أَنْتُمْ مِنَ الأُمَمِ إِلَّا كَالرَّقْمَةِ مِنْ ذِرَاعِ الدَّابَّةِ[Ye are no more, of the nations in general, than such as is the رقمة of the arm of the beast]. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمَةٌ Signification: A3

A small quantity of herbage; as in the saying, مَا وَجَدْتُ إِلَّا رَقْمَةً مِنْ كَلَأٍ[I found not save a small quantity of herbage]. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمَةٌ Signification: A4

A herb, or leguminous plant, of those termed أَحْرَار [pl. of حُرٌّ, q. v.]: (Ṣ:) a certain plant; said to be a herb, or leguminous plant, inclining to bitterness, and having a small red flower; (JK;) as some say, (JK, TA,) the خُبَّازَى [or mallow]. (JK, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمَةٌ Signification: A5

A meadow (رَوْضَةٌ, Ṣ, Ḳ) is sometimes thus termed. (Ṣ.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقْمَةٌ Signification: A6

Also The side of a valley: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the place where its water collects; (Ḳ;) the part, of a valley, in which is the water. (Fr, JK, TA.)


رُقْمَةٌ The colour of the serpent termed أَرْقَم; (JK, TA;) as alsoرَقَمٌ↓. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رُقْمَةٌ Signification: A2


رَقَمَةٌ A certain plant, (Ḳ, TA,) resembling the كرش [i. e. كَرِش or كِرْش, a plant little known, said to be so called because its leaves resemble the villous coat of the stomach of a ruminant animal]: so says Az: and in one place he says, it is a herb that grows مشحطا [app. a mistranscription for مُسَطَّحًا, a term often used in descriptions of plants, meaning expanded], juicy, or sappy, and scarcely ever, or never, eaten by the camels, or cattle, except from want: AḤn describes the رقمة [perhaps meaning the رَقْمَة, q. v.,] only as a herb, or leguminous plant, of those termed أَحْرَار, of which the particular characteristics were not known to him. (TA.) [Forskål, in his Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. cviii., mentions a plant seen by him in El-Yemen, previously unknown to him, which he calls “rokama prostrata,” of the class pentandria; writing its Arabic name رقمه, and the pronunciation “Rókama.”]


رَقَمِيَّاتٌ Certain arrows, so called in relation to a place in El-Medeeneh, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) named الرَّقَمُ; (Ḳ;) or in relation to a place thus named in the way to El-Medeeneh; (JK;) or, accord. to Naṣr, in relation to a water thus named, where they were made, by certain mountains of the same name. (TA.)


رَقُومٌ, used as a fem. epithet, Remaining, staying, dwelling, or abiding; and remaining fixed. (JK.)


رَقِيمٌ: see مَرْقُومٌ: and رَقْمٌ. It occurs in a trad. of ʼAlee, describing the sky, as meaning Figured, or decorated, with the stars. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقِيمٌ Signification: A2

Also A book, or writing. (Ṣ.) As used in the Ḳur xviii. 8, الرَّقِيمُ is said to mean A tablet (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ *) of lead, (Ḳ,) whereon were inscribed, (JK,* Ṣ,) or engraved, (Ḳ,) the names of the People of the Cave [commonly called the Seven Sleepers], (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) and their ancestry, (JK, Ḳ,) and their story, (Ṣ,) and their religion, and what it was from which they fled: (Ḳ:) so says Suh, on the authority of Fr: (TA:) or a mass of stone; (Suh, JK, Ḳ;) [i. e.] a stone tablet on which were inscribed their names, and which was put upon the entrance of the cave: (Bḍ:) or the town, or village, from which they came forth: (JK, Ḳ:) or their mountain (Zj, Ḳ) in which was the cave: (Zj:) or the valley (AO, JK, Ḳ) in which was the cave: (AO, JK:) or their dog: (El-Hasán, R, Ḳ:) or [in the JK and CK “and”] the receptacle for ink: (JK, Ḳ, TA:) mentioned by IDrd, but with the expression of uncertainty as to its correctness; (TA;) and said to be of the language of the Greeks: (JK,* TA:) and the tablet: (Ḳ:) thus, also, explained as used in the verse of the Ḳur-án: (TA:) but I’Ab is related by ʼIkrimeh to have said, I know not what is الرَّقِيمُ; whether a book or writing, or a building: (Ṣ, TA:) it is [said to be] of the measure فَعِيل in the sense of the measure مَفْعُول. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقِيمٌ Signification: A3

رَقِيمَةٌ, applied to a woman, ‡ Intelligent; such as is termed بَرْزَةٌ [fem. of بَرْزٌ q. v.]. (Fr, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: رَقِيمٌ Signification: A4

دَاهِيَةٌ رَقِيمٌA great calamity or misfortune. (JK.)


أَرْقَمُA certain serpent: (JK:) a serpent in which are blackness and whiteness: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or a serpent [begotten] between two serpents [app. of different varieties], marked with redness and blackness and duskiness and [the colour termed] بُغْثَة [q. v.]: (ISh:) or a serpent upon which are white specks: (Ḥam p. 784:) or the most malignant of serpents, and the most wont to pursue mankind: (Ibn-Ḥabeeb, Ḳ:) or a serpent like the جَانّ in respect of the fear that men have of killing it, though it is one of the weakest and the least irascible of serpents; for one fears, in killing the ارقم and the جانّ, the punishment of the جِنّ to them who kill them: (Sh:) or, applied to a serpent, i. q. أَرْقَشُ [q. v.]: (Mgh:) or the male serpent: (Ḳ:) the female is not so called, nor is she called رَقْمَآءُ; (TA;) but she is called رَقْشَآءُ: (Ḳ, TA:) when you use the epithet, you say أَرْقَشُ; but أَرْقَمُ is [used as] a subst: (Ibn-Ḥabeeb:) the pl. is أَرَاقِمُ, (JK, ISd,) a pl. proper to substs., because the quality of a subst. is predominant in it. (ISd, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: أَرْقَمُ Signification: A2
Root: رقم - Entry: أَرْقَمُ Signification: A3

For the fem., رَقْمَآءُ, see رَقِمٌ, in two places.


تَرْقِيمٌ inf. n. of 2 [q. v.].

Root: رقم - Entry: تَرْقِيمٌ Signification: A2

Also, [as a subst.,] A certain sign, or mark, of the keepers of the register of the [tax, or tribute, termed] خَرَاج, (Ḳ, TA,) conventionally used by them, (TA,) put upon [the notes, or billets, or petitions, termed] رِقَاع [pl. of رُقْعَةٌ, q. v.], and upon [the writings termed] تَوْقِيعَات [pl. of تَوْقِيعٌ, q. v.], and upon accounts, or reckonings, lest it should be imagined that a blank has been left [to be afterwards filled up], in order that no account be put down therein; as also تَرْقِينٌ. (Ḳ.)


مِرْقَمٌ A writing-reed; (Ḳ) because it is an instrument for الرَّقْم, i. e. writing: (TA:) also calledأَرْقَمُ↓ [app. because partly blackened with ink]. (Z, TA.) One says to him who is vehemently angry, (Ḳ, TA,) extravagantly, or immoderately, so, (TA,) طَغَا مِرْقَمُكَ, † [signifying Thy pen has exceeded its due limit], (Ḳ, TA,) in some of the lexicons طَمَا, (TA,) and جَاشَ مرقمك, (Ḳ,) and عَلَا, or غَلَا, accord. to different copies of the Ḳ, and فَاضَ, (TA,) and طَفَحَ, and اِرْتَفَعَ, and قَذَفَ مرقمك: (Ḳ, TA:) all [virtually] meaning the same. (TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: مِرْقَمٌ Signification: A2

Also A thing with which bread is marked (يُنْقَشُ); (TA;) like مِنْسَغَةٌ; in Pers. called پَرِ نَانْ [i. e. a feather, or bundle of feathers, with which bread is pricked by the maker]: pl. مَرَاقِمُ. (MA.)


مُرَقَّمٌ: see مَرْقُومٌ:

Root: رقم - Entry: مُرَقَّمٌ Signification: A2


مُرَقِّمٌ A writer; as also مُرَقِّنٌ.


Written; (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA;) as alsoرَقِيمٌ↓: (Mṣb:) and sealed, stamped, imprinted, or impressed: (Ṣ:) and a writing marked with the dots, or points, (JK, TA,) and having its letters made distinct, or plain: [i. e. distinctly written:] andمُرَقَّمٌ↓ signifies the same: (TA:) the first occurs in the Ḳur [lxxxiii. 9 and 20], in the phrase كِتَابٌ مَرْقُومٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) meaning, in both instances, [as some say, a writing] sealed, or stamped. (Jel.)

Root: رقم - Entry: مَرْقُومٌ Signification: A2
Root: رقم - Entry: مَرْقُومٌ Signification: A3

Also † A beast having small marks of cauterization upon his shanks; every one of which is termed رَقْمَةٌ: (JK, T, TA:) or دَابَّةٌ مَرْقُومَةٌ means † a beast having lines of cauterization upon its legs. (Ḳ.) It is also applied as an epithet to a wild ass, because of a blackness upon his legs: (TA:) or مَرْقُومُ القَوَائِمِ, so applied, and applied to a [wild] bull, means ‡ Having lines of black upon his legs. (Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رقم - Entry: مَرْقُومٌ Signification: A4

And مَرْقُومَةٌLand (أَرْضٌ) in which is little herbage: (Fr, Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or in which is the plant called رَقْمَة. (JK.)

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