Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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رفع رفغ رفق

1. ⇒ رفغ

رَفْغَ عَيْشُهُ, [aor. ـُ {يَرْفُغُ},] inf. n. رَفَاغَةٌ, His means of subsistence became ample, or abundant. (Ṣ.) [See also رَفْغٌ, below.]

Root: رفغ - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

[رَفَغَ, aor. ـَ {يَرْفَغُ}, He made the means of subsistence ample, or abundant. You say,] أَرْفَغُ لَكُمُ المَعَاشَ I will make ample, or abundant, to you the means of subsistence. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: 1. Dissociation: C

رَفَغَ المَرْأَةَ i. q. ترفّغها, q. v. (TA.)

5. ⇒ ترفّغ

ترفّغ He (a man) became, or made himself, ample, or abundant, in his means of subsistence; syn. تَوَسَّعَ: (Ṣ:) or he exhibited ampleness, or abundance, in his means of subsistence. (PṢ.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: 5. Dissociation: B

ترفّغ فَوْقَ البَعِيرِ He (a man), feared that the camel [upon which he was riding] would throw him, and therefore wound his legs next the sheath of his [the camel's] penis: [i. e., pressed his heels against the camel's أَرْفَاغ (or groins):] in the Ḳ, as also in the O and Tekmileh, خَلْفَ رِجْلَيْهِ is erroneously put for فَلَفَّ رِجْلَيْهِ, the reading in the L. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: 5. Signification: B2

ترفّغها, He sat between her thighs, for the purpose of compressing her; (Ḳ;) from the Nawádir el-Aaráb; as alsoرَفَغَهَا↓, i.e. رَفَغَ المَرْأَةَ. (TA.)


رَفْغٌ Softness, tenderness, or smoothness: (O, L, Ḳ:*) this is the primary signification, accord. to the O and L: accord. to MF, softness, tenderness, or smoothness, and uncleanness, or dirtiness; but this addition is wrong; and he has wrongly ascribed this explanation to Er-Rághib, who mentions in his book only the words of the Ḳur-án. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: A2

Ampleness, or abundance, of the means of subsistence; and abundance of herbage, or of the goods, conveniences, or comforts, of life: (Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA:) and soرَفَاغَةٌ↓, (JK,* Ṣ,* TA,) an inf. n., (Ṣ,) andرَفَاغِيَةٌ↓, [also, app., an inf. n., like رَفَاهِيَةٌ;] (JK,* Ṣ,* TA;) andرُفَغْنِيَةٌ↓, like بُلَهْنِيَةٌ (Ḳ, TA) and رُفَهْنِيَةٌ, (TA,) [in which the last three letters, following the غ, are all augmentative,] signifies [the same, or] ampleness, or abundance, of the means of subsistence. (Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Dissociation: B

Also, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) andرُفْغٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA,) the former of the dial. of Temeem, and the latter of the dial. of the people of El-ʼÁliyeh and of El-Ḥijáz, (Aboo-Kheyreh, Mṣb, TA,) [The groin;] the root of the thigh; (ISk, Jm, Mṣb, Ḳ; and Mgh in art. وهم;) and any of the other مَغَابِن [or places of flexure or creasing]; (ISk, Mṣb;) and any place of the body in which dirt collects, (ISk, Jm, L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) such as the armpit and the crease of the belly and the like: (L:) or the inner side of the thigh, at the root: (JK:) or the inner side of the root of each thigh, next the upper parts of the sides of the pubes, where the upper parts of the inner sides of the thighs and the upper part of the belly [app. a mistake for the lower part of the belly] meet: (TA:) [or each of the two inguinal creases; for] the رُفْغَانِ are between the pubes and the thigh, [one on each side,] and are also called the مَغَابِن: (Zj in his “Khalk el-Insán:”) the latter (رُفْغٌ) also particularly signifies the armpit: (Fr, Mgh, Ḳ:) or, as some say, the root [or innermost part] of the armpit: (TA:) and the same, (ISh, Ḳ,) or each, (Mṣb,) the parts around the فَرْج [or vulva, or external portion of the organs of generation,] (ISh, Mṣb, Ḳ) of a woman: (ISh, Ḳ:) and sometimes the فَرْج itself: (Mṣb:) the pl. is أَرْفَاغٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and رُفُوغٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and رِفَاغٌ and [of pauc.] أَرْفُغٌ, the first of which four is pl. of رُفْغٌ, [and is properly a pl. of pauc.,] the rest being pls. of رَفْغٌ: (Mṣb:) [accord. to J,] أَرْفَاغٌ signifies the مَغَابِن [or places of flexure, or creasing,] of the armpits, and of the roots of the thighs: (Ṣ:) accord. to Aṣ, the armpits, and the [other] مَغَابِن of the body: (Mgh in art. وهم:) IAạr says that مَرَافِغُ↓ signifies the roots of the arms and of the thighs, and has no proper sing.: and الارفاغ is the sing. of الرُّفَغُ (واحد الرُّفَغِ [but this is app. a mistranscription for وُاحِدُهُ الرُّفْغُ meaning that أَرْفَاغٌ has for its sing: رُفْغٌ]): andرُفَغٌ↓ signifies the مَغَابِن and مَحَالِب [by which latter are app. meant the places that sweat] of the body: accord. to Aṣ, what is thus termed is in camels and in human beings. (TA. [But the sing. verb in this last clause suggests that there is another mistranscription here, and a looseness of explanation; and that we should read thus: “and رُفْغٌ (not رُفَغٌ) signifies any of the مَغَابِن and of the مَحَالِب of the body.”])

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B2

Also, both words, The dirt of the nail: (Ḳ:) or the dirt that is between the end of the finger and the nail, when the nail is not pared, after scratching the أَرْفَاغ [or groins and armpits and the like]: (TA:) or the former [or each] signifies the dirt of the مَغَابِن [or places of flexure, or creasing, of the body]; (Ḳ;) or the dirt and sweat that collect in the مغابن of the armpits, and of the roots of the thighs, and other places of folding of the limbs. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B3

Also the former word, (رَفْغٌ,) † A soft, or plain, tract, or piece, of land: (JK, Ḳ:*) pl. رِفَاغٌ. (Ḳ.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B4

Land having much soil or dust. (L, Ḳ.) [Hence,] one says, جَآءَ فُلَانٌ بِمَالٍ كَرَفْغِ التُّرَابِSuch a one came with, or brought, wealth, or cattle, abundant as the soil, or dust, thus termed. (L.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B5

A place affected with drought, or barrenness, (L, Ḳ,) thin, or shallow, [in its soil,] of middling quality. (L.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B6

‡ The vilest place in a valley, and the worst in re spect of soil: (Aboo-Málik, Ḳ,* TA:) the lowest part of a valley and of a desert: (TA:) or أَرْفَاغُ الوَادِى signifies the sides of the valley. (AḤn, JK, TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B7

A side, or lateral part or region: (Akh, IAạr, Ḳ:) pl. أَرْفُغٌ. (Ḳ.) You say, هُوَ فِى رَفْغٍ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ, and مِنَ القَرْيَةِ, ‡ He is in a side, or lateral part, not in the middle, of his people, or party, and of the town, or village. (IAạr, TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B8

Also sing. of أَرْفَاغٌ meaning ‡ The lower, or lowest, baser or basest, meaner or mean est, sort, or the rabble, or refuse, of mankind; (JK, Ḳ, TA;) likened to the أَرْفَاغ of a valley: or the sing. of ارفاغ in this sense is رُفْغٌ↓. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B9

A skin for water, or for milk, that is thin, or rendered thin, (accord. to different copies of the Ḳ,) and of little worth. (Ḳ, TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Signification: B10

† The straw of [the species of millet called] ذُرَة: so accord. to the author of the L; but accord. to others, it is دَفْغٌ, with دال, if this be not a mis transcription. (TA.)

Root: رفغ - Entry: رَفْغٌ Dissociation: C

As an epithet, رَفْغٌ sig nifies Soft; applied to dust, or earth, and to food, or wheat, (طَعَام,) and to كِلْس [or quicklime, &c.]. (Ḳ,* TA.)


رُفْغٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.


رُفَغٌ: see رَفْغٌ in the middle of the paragraph.


رَفِغَةٌ A she-camel having purulent pustules, ulcers, or sores, in the رُفْغَانِ [meaning groins or armpits]. (A, TA.)


رَفْغَآءُ [fem. of أَرْفَغُ], applied to a woman, (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, L, Ḳ,) Small in the مَتَاع [or vulva]: (L:) or thin in the thighs, small in the هَن [or vulva], deep in the رُفْغَانِ [or groins]: (JK, Ibn ʼAbbád, Ḳ:) or a woman narrow in the أَرْفَاغ [or groins, or inguinal creases, or the like]: (TA in art. ربل, from the ʼEyn:) or, applied to a woman, (A,) or to a she-camel, (JK, L,) wide in the رُفْغ [app. meaning the vulva or the parts around the vulva]. (JK, A, L.)


عَيْشٌ رَفِيغٌ (JK, Ṣ, TA) andرَافِغٌ↓ (Ṣ, TA) andأَرْفَغُ↓ (TA) Ample, or abundant, (JK, Ṣ, TA,) and pleasant, or good, (Ṣ, TA,) means of subsist ence. (JK, Ṣ, TA.)


رَفَاغَةٌ: see رَفْغٌ, second sentence.


رَفَاغِيَةٌ: see رَفْغٌ, second sentence.


رُفَغْنِيَةٌ: see رَفْغٌ, second sentence.


رَافِغٌ: see رَفِيغٌ.


رَافِغَةٌ i. q. نِعْمَةٌ [app. as meaning A benefit, benefaction, favour, boon, or blessing]: pl. رَوَافِغُ. (TA.)


أَرْفَغُ: see رَفِيغٌ.

Root: رفغ - Entry: أَرْفَغُ Signification: A2


مَرْفُوغَةٌ [syn. with مَرْصُوفَةٌ] A woman small in the هَن [or vulva], (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, Ḳ,) or whose place of circumcision has cohered [after the operation] when she was young, and, conse quently, (L,) impervia viro. (JK, Ibn-ʼAbbád, L, Ḳ.)


مَرَافِغُ: see رَفْغٌ, in the middle of the paragraph.

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