Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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سيو ش شأب


Arabic Letter ش

The thirteenth letter of the alphabet: called شِينٌ. It is one of the letters termed مَهْمُوسَة [or non-vocal, i. e. pronounced with the breath only, without the voice]; and of the letters termed شَجْرِيَّة, (TA,) from الشَّجْرُ, which means “the place of the opening of the mouth.” (TA on the letter ج. See also شِيْنٌ in art. شين.) It is sometimes substituted for the affixed pronoun of the second pers. fem., كِ; as in رَأَيْتُشِ for رَأَيْتُكِ, and as in the following verse,

* فَعَيْنَاشِ عَيْنَاهَا وَجِيدُشِ جِيدُهَا *
* وَلٰكِنَّ السَّاقِ مِنْشِ رَقِيقُ *

[And thy two eyes are her two eyes, and thy neck is her neck; but the bone of thy shank is slender]; i. e. عَيْنَاكَ and جِيْدُكِ and مِنْكِ: this substitution for the affixed pronoun of the second pers. fem. is of dial. of Benoo-ʼAmr and Temeem; and is not restricted to cases of pausation, as is shown by the verse above cited, though some assert it to be so: it is also substituted for the ك of دِيك, when with kesr, so that they said دِيشٍ: also for جٍ, as in مُدَمَّشٌ[or مُدْمَشٌ], for مُدَمَّجٌ [or مُدْمَجٌ]: and for س, as in جَعْشُوشٌ, for جَعْسُوسٌ. (MF. [See also De Sacy's Chrest, Arabe, sec. ed., iii. 530-31.])

Root: ش - Entry: ش Dissociation: B

[As a numeral, it denotes Three hundred.]

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