Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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امل امن امه

1. ⇒ أمن

أَمِنَ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor. ـَ {يَأْمَنُ}, (T, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَمْنٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and إِمْنٌ (Zj, M, Ḳ) and أَمَنٌ (M, Ḳ) and أَمَنَةٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and إِمْنَةٌ (T) and أَمَانٌ (M, Ḳ) [and app. أَمَانَةٌ, for it is said in the Ṣ that this is syn. with أَمَانٌ,] and آمنٌ, an instance of an inf. n. of the measure فَاعِلٌ, which is strange, (MF,) or this is a subst. like فَالِجٌ, (M,) He was, or became, or felt, secure, safe, or in a state of security or safety; originally, he was, or became, quiet, or tranquil, in heart, or mind; (Mṣb;) he was, or became, secure, or free from fear; أَمْنٌ signifying the contr. of خَوْفٌ, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) and so أَمَنَةٌ (Ṣ) and آمِنٌ [&c.]: (M, Ḳ:) he was, or became, or felt, free from expectation of evil, or of an object of dislike or hatred, in the coming time; originally, he was, or became, easy in mind, and free from fear. (El-Munáwee, TA.) [See أَمْنٌ, below.] You say also, يَإْمَنُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ [He is secure, or safe, or free from fear, for himself]. (M.) And أَمِنَ البَلَدُ, meaning The inhabitants of the country or district, or town, were in a state of security, or confidence, therein. (Mṣb.) The verb is trans. by itself, and by means of the particle مِنْ; as in أَمَنَ زَيْدٌ الأَسَدَ and أَمِنَ مِنَ الأَسَدِ, meaning Zeyd was, or became, or felt, secure from, safe from, [or free from fear of,] the lion. (Mṣb.) You say also, أَمِنَ كَذِبَ مَنْ أَخْبَرَهُ [He was secure from, or free from fear of, the lying of him who informed him]. (M.) And لَا آنَنُ أَنْ يَكُونَ كَذلِكَ [I am not free from fear of its being so; I am not sure but that it may be so]. (Mgh in art. نبذ; and other lexicons passim.) And, of a strong-made she camel, أَمِنَتْ أَنْ تَكُونَ ضَعَيفَةً [She was secure from, or free from fear of, being weak]: (M: [in a copy of the Ṣ أُمِنَتْ:]) and أَمِنَتِ العِثَارَ وَالإَعْيَآءٍ [She was secure from, or free from fear of, stumbling, and becoming jaded]: (M:) and أُمِنَ عِثَارُهَا [Her stumbling was not feared]. (So in a copy of the Ṣ.) And, of a highly-prized camel, أُمِنَ أَنْ يُنْحَرَ [It was not feared that he would be slaughtered; or his being slaughtered was not feared]. (M.) [أَمنَهُ sometimes means He was, or became, free from fear, though having cause for fear, of him, or it. i. e. he thought himself secure, or safe, from him or it. (See Ḳur vii. 97.)]

Root: امن - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

أمِنَهُ (inf. n. أَمْنٌ TḲ) [and accord. to some copies of the Ḳ آمَنَهُ↓] andأمّنهُ↓ (inf. n. تَأْمِينٌ Ḳ) andائتمنهُ↓ ([written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَمَنَهُ, and] also written اِتَّمَنَهُ, on the authority of Th, which is extr., like اِتَّهَلَ [&c.], M) andاستأمنهُ↓ all signify the same (M, Ḳ, TA) [He trusted, or confided, in him; (as also آمن بِهِ, q. v.;) he intrusted him with, or confided to him, power, authority, control, or a charge; he gave him charge over a thing or person: these meanings are vaguely indicated in the M and Ḳ and TA.]. You say, يَأْمَنُهُ النَّاسُ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ غَائِلَتَهُ [Men, or people, trust, or confide, in him, and do not fear his malevolence, or mischievousness]. (T, M.) And أَمِنَهُ عَلَى كَذَا (Ṣ, Mgh,* Mṣb *) andائتمنهُ↓ عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [He trusted, or confided, in him with respect to such a thing; he intrusted him with, or confided to him, power, authority, control, or a charge, over it; he gave him charge over it;] he made him, or took him as, أَمِين over such a thing. (Mgh.) Hence, in a trad., the مُؤَذِّن is said to be مُؤْتَمَنٌ; i. e.يَأْتَمِنُهُ↓ النَّاسُ عَلَ الأَوْقَاتِ الَّتِى يُؤَذَّنُ فِيهَا [Men trust, or confide, in him with respect to the times in which he calls to prayer], and know, by his calling to prayer, what they are commanded to do, as to praying and fasting and breaking fast. (Mgh.) It is said in the Ḳur [xii. 11], مَا لَكَ لَا تَأْمَنُنَا عَلَى يُوسُفَ and [تَأْمَنَّا] with idghám [i. e. What aileth thee that thou dost not trust, or confide, in us with respect to Joseph? or, that thou dost not give us charge over Joseph?]; (Ṣ;) meaning, why dost thou fear us for him? (Bḍ;) some pronouncing the verb in a manner between those of the former and the latter modes of writing it; but Akh says that the latter is better: (Ṣ:) some read تِيمَنَّا. (Bḍ.) You say also,اُوتُمِنَ↓ فُلَانٌ [Such a one was trusted, or confided, in, &c.;] when it begins a sentence, changing the second ء into و; in like manner as you change it into ى when the first is with kesr, as in اِيتَمَنَهُ; and into ا when the first is with fet-ḥ, as in آمَنَ. (Ṣ.) The phraseاُوتُمِنَ↓ أَمَانَةً, in a saying of Moḥammad, if it be not correctly عَلَى أَمَانَةٍ, may be explained as implying the meaning of اُسْتُحْفِظَ أَمَانَةً [He was asked to take care of a deposite; or he was intrusted with it]. (Mgh.) [You also say, أَمِنَهُ بِكَذَا, meaning He intrusted him with such a thing; as, for instance, money or other property: see two exs. in the Ḳur iii. 68.]

Root: امن - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

أَمُنَ, (M, Mgh, Ḳ,) or أَمِنَ, (Mṣb,) inf. n. أَمَانَةٌ, (M, Mgh, Mṣb,) He was, or became, trusted in, or confided in: (M, Ḳ:) or he was, or became, trusty, trustworthy, trustful, confidential, or faithful: said of a man. (Mgh.)

2. ⇒ أمّن

أمّنهُ, inf. n. تَأْمِينٌ: see 4:

Root: امن - Entry: 2. Signification: A2
Root: امن - Entry: 2. Dissociation: B

أمّن, inf. n. as above, also signifies He said آمِينَ or أَمِينَ, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb,) after finishing the Fátihah, (T,) or عَلَى الدُّعَآءِ on the occasion of the prayer, or supplication. (Mṣb.)

4. ⇒ آمن

آمَنَ is originally أَأْمَنَ; the second ء being softened. (Ṣ.) You say, آمنهُ, [inf. n. إِيمَانٌ;] (Ṣ, M, Mṣb;) andأمّنهُ↓, [inf. n. تَأْمِينٌ;] (M, TA;) meaning He rendered him secure, or safe; (Mṣb;) he rendered him secure, or free from fear; (Ṣ, M, TA;) contr. of أَخَافهُ: (TA:) so in آمَنْتُهُ مِنْهُ I rendered him secure, or safe, from him, or it. (Mṣb.) And of God you say, آمَنَ عِبادَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَظْلِمَهُمْ [He hath rendered his servants secure from his wronging them]. (Ṣ.) And يُؤْمِنُ عِبَادَهُ مِنْ عَذَابِهِ [He rendereth his servants secure from his punishment]. (M.) You say also, آمَنْتُ الأَسِيرَ, meaning I gave, or granted, الأَمَان [i. e. security or safety, or protection or safeguard, or the promise or assurance of security or safety, or indemnity, or quarter,] to the captive. (Mṣb.) And آمَنَ فُلَانٌ الَعَدُوَّ [Such a one granted security,, &c., to the enemy], inf. n. as above. (T.) It is said in the Ḳur ch. ix. [verse 12], accord. to one reading, لَا إِيمَانَ لَهُمْ They have not the attribute of granting protection; meaning that when they grant protection, they do not fulfil their engagement to protect. (T.)

Root: امن - Entry: 4. Dissociation: B

إِيمَانٌ also signifies The believing [a thing, or in a thing, and particularly in God]; syn. تَصْدِيقٌ; (T, Ṣ, &c.;) by common consent of the lexicologists and other men of science: (T:) its primary meaning is the becoming true to the trust with respect to which God has confided in one, by a firm believing with the heart; not by profession of belief with the tongue only, without the assent of the heart; for he who does not firmly believe with his heart is either a hypocrite or an ignorant person. (T, TA.) Its verb is intrans. and trans. (TA, from a Commentary on the Mutowwal.) You say, آمَنَ, meaning He believed. (T.) And it is said to be trans. by itself, like صَدَّقَ; and by means of بِ, considered as meaning اِعْتِرَافٌ [or acknowledgment]; and by means of لِ, considered as meaning إِذْعَانٌ [or submission]. (TA.) [Thus] you say, [آمنهُ and] آمن بِهِ, (inf. n. إِيمَانٌ, T, Ḳ,) namely, a thing. (T, M.) And آمن بِٱللّٰهِ He believed in God. (T.) It seems to be meant by what is said in the Ksh [in ii. 2], that آمن بِهِ [or آمَنَهُ] properly signifies آمَنَهُ التَّكْذِيبَ [He rendered him secure from being charged with lying, or falsehood]; and that the meaning he believed him or in him, is tropical; but this is at variance with what its author says in the A; and Es-Saạd says that this latter meaning is proper. (TA.) The phrase in the Ḳur [ix. 61], وَيُؤْمِنُ لِلْمؤْمِنِينَ, accord. to Th, means And he believeth the believers; giveth credit to them. (M.)

Root: امن - Entry: 4. Signification: B2

Sometimes it is employed to signify The acknowledging with the tongue only; and hence, in the Ḳur [lxiii. 3], ذلِكَ بأَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا That is because they acknowledged with the tongue, then disacknowledged with the heart. (TA.)

Root: امن - Entry: 4. Signification: B3

Also † The trusting, or confiding, or having trust or confidence. (M, Ḳ.) [You say, آمن بِهِ, meaning He trusted, or confided, in him, or it: for] the verb of ايمان in this sense is trans. by means of بِ without implication; as Bḍ says. (TA.) [And it is also trans. by itself: for] you say, مَا آمَنَ أَنْ يَجِدَ صَحَابَةً, meaning ‡ He trusted not that he would find companions; (M,* Ḳ,* TA;) said of one who has formed the intention of journeying: or the meaning is مَا كَادَ [i. e. he hardly, or scarcely, found, &c.; or he was not near to finding, &c.]. (M, Ḳ.) See also أَمِنَهُ.

Root: امن - Entry: 4. Signification: B4

Also The manifesting humility or submission, and the accepting the Law, (Zj, T,* Ḳ,) and that which the Prophet has said or done, and the firm believing thereof with the heart; (Zj, T, M;) without which firm belief, the manifesting of humility or submission, and the accepting that which the Prophet has said or done, is termed إِسْلَامٌ, for which one's blood is to be spared. (T.) [In this sense, it is trans. by means of لِ, accord. to some, as shown above; or by means of بِ, for, accord. to Fei,] you say, آمَنْتُ بِٱللّٰهِ, inf. n. as above, meaning I submitted, or resigned, myself to God. (Mṣb.) [There are numerous other explanations which it is needless to give, differing according to different persuasions.]

Root: امن - Entry: 4. Signification: B5

8. ⇒ ائتمن

see 1, in five places.

10. ⇒ استأمن

استأمنهُ He asked, or demanded, of him الأَمَان [i. e. security or safety, or protection or safeguard, or the promise or assurance of security or safety, or indemnity, or quarter]. (T,* Mṣb, TA.)

Root: امن - Entry: 10. Signification: A2
Root: امن - Entry: 10. Signification: A3

استأمن إِلَيْهِ He entered within the pale of his أمَان [or protection, or safeguard]. (Ṣ, Mṣb.)


أَمْنٌ [an inf. n. of أَمِنِ: as a simple subst. it signifies Security, or safety: (see أَمِنَ:) or] security as meaning freedom from fear; contr. of خَوْفٌ; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) as alsoإِمْنٌ↓ (Zj, M, Ḳ) andأَمِنٌ↓ (M, Ḳ) andأَمَنَهُ↓ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) [andإِمْنَةٌ↓ (see أَمِنَ)] andأَمَانٌ↓ andآمِنٌ↓, (M, Ḳ,) which last is an inf. n. of أَمِنَ [like the rest], (MF,) or a subst. like فَالِجٌ; (M;) andأَمَانَةٌ↓ is syn. with أَمَانٌ, (Ṣ,) both of these signifying security, or safety, and freedom from fear: (PṢ:) or أَمْنٌ signifies freedom from expectation of evil, or of an object of dislike or hatred, in the coming time; originally, ease of mind, and freedom from fear. (El-Munáwee, TA.) You say, أَنْتَ فِى أَمْنٍ [Thou art in a state of security], (T, M,) مِنْ ذَاكَ [from that]; andفى أَمَانٍ↓ signifies the same; (T;) and soفى آمِنٍ↓. (M.) Andأَمَنَةً↓ نُعَاسًا, in the Ḳur [iii. 148], means Security (أَمْنًا) [and slumber]. (Ṣ.) أَمَانٌ↓ also signifies Protection, or safeguard: and [very frequently] a promise, or an assurance, of security or safety; indemnity; or quarter: in Pers. پَنَاهْ and زِنْهَارٌ: (KL:) syn. إِلُّ. (Ḳ in art. ال.) You say,دَخَلَ فِى أَمَانِهِ↓ [He entered within the pale of his protection, or safeguard]. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) [Andكُنٌ فِى أَمَانِ↓ ٱللّٰهِ Be thou in the protection, or safeguard, of God.] Andأَعْطَيْتُهُ الأَمَانَ↓ [I gave, or granted, to him security or safety, or protection or safeguard, or the promise or assurance of security or safety, or indemnity, or quarter]; namely, a captive. (Mṣb.) Andطَلَبَ مِنْهُ الأَمَانَ↓ [He asked, or demanded, of him security or safety, or protection or safeguard,, &c., as in the next preceding ex.]. (Mṣb, TA.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمْنٌ Signification: A2

أَمْنًا in the Ḳur ii. 119 means ذَا أَمْن [Possessed of security or safety]: (Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, M:) or مَوْضِعَ أَمْنٍ [a place of security or safety; like مَأْمَنًا]. (Bḍ.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمْنٌ Signification: A3
Root: امن - Entry: أَمْنٌ Signification: A4

You say also, مَا أَحْسَنَ أَمْنَكَ, andأَمَنَكَ↓, meaning How good is thy religion! and thy natural disposition! (M, Ḳ.)


إِمْنٌ: see أَمْنٌ.


أَمَنٌ: see أَمْنٌ, first and last sentences.


أَمِنٌ: see آمِنٌ.

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِنٌ Signification: A2

Also, (Ḳ, [there said to be like كَتِفٌ,]) orآمِنٌ↓, (M, [so written in a copy of that work,]) Asking, or demanding, or seeking, protection, in order to be secure, or safe, or free from fear, for himself: (M, Ḳ:) so says IAạr. (M.)


إِمْنَةٌ: see أَمْنٌ.


أمَنَةٌ: see أَمْنٌ, in two places:

Root: امن - Entry: أمَنَةٌ Signification: A2
Root: امن - Entry: أمَنَةٌ Dissociation: B

Also A man who trusts, or confides, in every one; (T, Ṣ, M;) and soأُمَنَةٌ↓: (Ṣ:) and who believes in everything that he hears; who disbelieves in nothing: (Lḥ, T:) or in whom men, or people, trust, or confide, and whose malevolence, or mischievousness, they do not fear: (T, M:) andأُمَنَةٌ↓ signifies trusted in, or confided in; [like أَمِينٌ;] and by rule should be أُمْنَةٌ, because it has the meaning of a pass. part. n. [like لُعْنَةٌ and ضُحْكَةٌ and لُقْطَلةٌ, &c. (see لَقَطٌ)]: (M:) or both signify one in whom every one trusts, or confides, in, or with respect to, everything. (Ḳ.)

Root: امن - Entry: أمَنَةٌ Signification: B2


أُمَنَةٌ: see أَمَنَةٌ, in two places.


أَمَانٌ: see أَمْنٌ, in seven places.


أَمُونٌ, applied to a she camel, of the measure فَعُولٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولَةٌ, like عَصُوبٌ and حَلُوبٌ, ‡ Trusted, or confided, in; (T;) firmly, compactly, or strongly, made; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) secure from, or free from fear of, being weak: (Ṣ, M:) also, that is secure from, or free from fear of, stumbling, and becoming jaded: (M:) or strong, so that her becoming languid is not feared: (A, TA:) pl. أُمُنٌ. (M, Ḳ.) [See also what next follows.]


أَمِينٌ Trusted; trusted in; confided in; (T,* Ṣ,* M, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as alsoأُمَّانٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) i. q.مَأْمُونٌ↓ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) andمُؤْتَمَنٌ↓: (ISk, T, Ḳ:) [a person in whom one trusts or confides; a confidant; a person intrusted with, or to whom is confided, power, authority, control, or a charge, عَلَى شَىْءٍ over a thing; a person intrusted with an affair, or with affairs, i. e., with the management, or disposal, thereof; a confidential agent, or superintendent; a commissioner; a commissary; a trustee; a depositary;] a guardian: (TA:) trusty; trustworthy; trustful; confidential; faithful: (Mgh, Mṣb:*) pl. أُمَنَآءُ, and, accord. to some, أَمَنَةٌ↓, as in a trad. in which it is said, أَصْحَابِى أَمَنَةٌ لِأُمَّتِى, meaning My companions are guardians to my people: or, accord. to others, this is pl. ofآمِنٌ↓ [app. in a sense mentioned below in this paragraph, so that the meaning in this trad. is my companions are persons who accord trust, or confidence, to my people]. (TA.) Hence,

* أَلَمْ تَعْلَمِى يَا أَسْمَ وَيْحَكِ أَنَّنِى *
* حَلَفْتُ يَمِينًا لَا أَخُونُ أَمِينِى *
[Knowest thou not, O Asmà (أَسْمَآء, curtailed for the sake of the metre), mercy on thee! or woe to thee! that I have sworn an oath that I will not act treacherously to him in whom I trust?] i. e.مَأْمُونِى↓: (Ṣ:) or the meaning here is, him who trusts, or confides, in me; (ISk, T;) [i. e.] it is here syn. with آمِنِى↓. (M.) [Hence also,] الأَمِينُ فِى القِمَارِ, (Ḳ voce مُجُمِدٌ, &c.,) or أَمِينُ, القِمَارِ, [The person who is intrusted, as deputy, with the disposal of the arrows in the game called المَيْسِر; or] he who shuffles the arrows; الَّذِى يَضْرِبُ بِالقِدَاحِ. (EM p. 105.) [Hence also,] الرُّوحُ الأَمِينُ [The Trusted, or Trusty, Spirit]; (Ḳur xxvi. 193;) applied to Gabriel, because he is intrusted with the revelation of God. (Bḍ.) أُمَّانٌ↓, mentioned above, and occurring in a verse of El-Aạshà, applied to a merchant, is said by some to mean Possessed of religion and excellence. (M.) مُؤْتَمَنٌ↓ is applied, in a trad., to the مُؤَذِّن, as meaning that men trust, or confide, in him with respect to the times in which he calls to prayer, and know by his call what they are commanded to do as to praying and fasting and breaking fast. (Mgh.) هُوَ مَأْمُونُ↓ المُعَامَلَةِ means He is [trusty, or trustworthy, in dealing with others; or] free from exorbitance and deceit or artifice or craft to be feared. (Mṣb.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِينٌ Signification: A2

An aid, or assistant; syn. عَوْنٌ [here app. meaning, as it often does, an armed attendant, or a guard]; because one trusts in his strength, and is without fear of his being weak. (M.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِينٌ Signification: A3

† The strong; syn. قَوِىٌّ. (Ḳ, TA: [in the latter of which is given the same reason for this signification as is given in the M for that of عون; for which قوى may be a mistranscription; but see أَمُونٌ.])

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِينٌ Signification: A4

One who trusts, or confides, in another; (ISk, T, Ḳ;) [as alsoآمِنٌ↓, of which see an ex. voce حَذِرٌ;] so accord. to ISk in the verse cited above in this paragraph: (T:) thus it bears two contr. significations. (Ḳ.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِينٌ Signification: A5

See also آمِنٌ, in five places.

Root: امن - Entry: أَمِينٌ Dissociation: B


أَمَانَةٌ: see أَمْنٌ, first sentence.

Root: امن - Entry: أَمَانَةٌ Signification: A2

Trustiness; trustworthiness; trustfulness; faithfulness; fidelity; (M, Mgh, Ḳ;) as alsoأَمَنَةٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.) أَمَانَةُ ٱللّٰهِ [for أَمَانَةُ ٱللّٰهِ قَسَمِى or مَا أُقْسِمُ The faithfulness of God is my oath or that by which I swear] is composed of an inf. n. prefixed to the agent, and the former is in the nom. case as an inchoative; the phrase being like لَعَمْرُ ٱللّٰهِ, as meaning an oath; and the enunciative being suppressed, and meant to be understood: accord. to some, you say, أَمَانَةَ ٱللّٰهِ [app. for نَشَدْتُكَ أَمَانَةَ ٱللّٰهِ I adjure thee, or conjure thee, by the faithfulness of God, or the like], making it to be governed in the accus. case by the verb which is to be understood: and some correctly say, وَأَمَانَةِ ٱللّٰهِ [By the faithfulness of God], with the و which denotes an oath: (Mgh:) or this last is an oath accord. to Aboo-Ḥaneefeh; but Esh-Sháfiʼee does not reckon it as such: and it is forbidden in a trad. to swear by الأَمَانَة; app. because it is not one of the names of God. (TA.) [Or these phrases may have been used, in the manner of an oath, agreeably with explanations here following.]

Root: امن - Entry: أَمَانَةٌ Dissociation: B

A thing committed to the trust and care of a person; a trust; a deposite; (Mgh, Mṣb;) and the like: (Mṣb:) property committed to trust and care: (TA:) pl. أَمَانَاتٌ. (Mgh, Mṣb.) It is said in the Ḳur [viii. 27], وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ [Nor be ye unfaithful to the trusts committed to you]. (Mgh.) And in the same [xxxiii. 72], إِنَّا عَرَضْنَاالأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السّموَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِوَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنْسَانُ [Verily we proposed, or offered, the trust which we have committed to man to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and (accord. to explanations of Bḍ and others) they refused to take it upon themselves, or to accept it, and they feared it, but man took it upon himself, or accepted it: or, (accord. to another explanation of Bḍ, also given in the T, and in the Ḳ in art. حمل, &c.,) they refused to be unfaithful to it, and they feared it, but man was unfaithful to it: but in explaining what this trust was, authors greatly differ: accord. to some,] الامانة here means obedience; so called because the rendering thereof is incumbent: or the obedience which includes that which is natural and that which depends upon the will: [for] it is said that when God created these [celestial and terrestrial] bodies, He created in them understanding: or it may here [and in some other instances] mean reason, or intellect: [and the faculty of volition: and app. conscience: these being trusts committed to us by God, to be faithfully employed: (see an ex. voce جَذْرٌ:)] and the imposition of a task or duty or of tasks or duties [app. combined with reason or intellect, which is necessary for the performance thereof]: (Bḍ:) or it here means prayers and other duties for the performance of which there is recompense and for the neglect of which there is punishment: (Jel:) or, accord. to I’Ab and Saʼeed Ibn-Jubeyr, (T,) the obligatory statutes which God has imposed upon his servants: (T, Ḳ:*) or, (T, Ḳ,) accord. to Ibn-ʼOmar, [the choice between] obedience and disobedience was offered to Adam, and he was informed of the recompense of obedience and the punishment of disobedience: but, in my opinion, he says, (T,) it here means the intention which one holds in the heart, (T, Ḳ,) with respect to the belief which he professes with the tongue, and with respect to all the obligatory statutes which he externally fulfils; (Ḳ;) because God has confided to him power over it, and not manifested it to any [other] of his creatures, so that he who conceives in his mind, with respect to the acknowledgment of the unity of God, (T, Ḳ,) and with respect to belief [in general], (T,) the like of that which he professes, he fulfils the امانة [or trust], (T, Ḳ,) and he who conceives in his mind disbelief while he professes belief with the tongue is unfaithful thereto, and every one who is unfaithful to that which is confided to him is [termed] حَامِلٌ, (T,) or حَامِلُ الأَمَانَةِ, and مُحْتَمِلُهَا: (Bḍ:) and by الإِنْسَانُ is here meant the doubting disbeliever. (T.)

Root: امن - Entry: أَمَانَةٌ Signification: B2

Also, [as being a trust committed to him by God, A man's] family, or household; syn. أَهْلٌ. (TA.)


أُمَّانٌ: see أَمينٌ, in two places.

Root: امن - Entry: أُمَّانٌ.1 Dissociation: B

Also One who does not write; as though he were (كَأَنَّهُ [in the CK لاَنَّهُ because he is]) an أُمِّى. (Ḳ, TA.) [But this belongs to art. ام; being of the measure فُعْلَانٌ, like عُرْيَانٌ.]

Root: امن - Entry: أُمَّانٌ.1 Signification: B2

And A sower, or cultivator of land; [perhaps meaning a clown, or boor;] syn. زَرَّاعٌ: (CK:) or sowers, or cultivators of land; syn. زُرَّاعٌ: (Ḳ, TA:) in one copy of the Ḳ زِرَاع. (TA.)


آمِنٌ Secure, safe, or free from fear; as alsoأَمِينٌ↓ (Lḥ, T,* Ṣ,* M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andأَمِنٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.) Hence, in the Ḳur [xcv. 3], وَهذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ↓ [And this secure town]; (Akh, Lḥ, T, Ṣ, M;) meaning Mekkeh. (M.) بَلَدٌ آمِنٌ andأَمِينٌ↓ means A town, or country, or district, of which the inhabitants are in a state of security, or confidence, therein. (Mṣb.) It is also said in the Ḳur [xliv. 51], إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِى مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ↓, meaning [Verily the pious shall be in an abode] wherein they shall be secure from the accidents, or casualties, of fortune. (M.) [And hence,]الأَمِينُ↓ is one of the epithets applied to God, (Mgh, Ḳ,) on the authority of El-Ḥasan; (Mgh;) an assertion requiring consideration: it may mean He who is secure with respect to the accidents, or casualties, of fortune: but see المُؤْمِنُ, which is [well known as] an epithet applied to God. (TA.) آمِنُ المَالِ means What is secure from being slaughtered, of the camels, because of its being highly prized; by المال being meant الإِبِل: or, as some say, ‡ what is highly esteemed, of property of any kind; as though, if it had intellect, it would feel secure from being exchanged. (M.) You say, أَعْطَيْتُهُ مِنْ آمِنِ مَالِى, (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK آمَنِ,]) meaning ‡ I gave him of the choice, or best, of my property; of what was highly esteemed thereof; (Ḳ, TA;) andمِنْ أَمْنِ↓ مَالِى which Az explains as meaning of the choice, or best, of my property. (TA: [in which is given a verse cited by ISk showing that أَمْن, thus used, is not a mistranscription for آمِن.]) And آمِنُ الحِلْمِ means Steadfast in forbearance or clemency; of whose becoming disordered in temper, and free from self-restraint, there is no fear. (M.)

Root: امن - Entry: آمِنٌ Signification: A2

See also أَمِينٌ, in three places:

Root: امن - Entry: آمِنٌ Signification: A3
Root: امن - Entry: آمِنٌ Dissociation: B

See also أَمِينٌ, in two places.


آمِينَ [in the CK, erroneously, آمِينُ] andأَمِينَ↓; (Th, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) both chaste and well known, (TA,) the latter of the dial. of El-Ḥijáz, (Mṣb, TA,) as some say, (TA,) [and this, though the less common, is the original form, for] the medd in the former is only to give fulness of sound to the fet-ḥah of the أ, (Th, M, Mṣb, TA,) as is shown by the fact that there is no word in the Arabic language of the measure فَاعِيلٌ; (Mṣb, TA;) and some pronounce the former آمِّينَ, (Ḳ,) which is said by some of the learned to be a dial. var., (Mṣb,) but this is a mistake, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) accord. to authorities of good repute, and is one of old date, originating from an assertion of Aḥmad Ibn-Yaḥyà, [i. e. Th,] that آمِينَ is like عَاصِينَ, by which he was falsely supposed to mean its having the form of a pl., [and being consequently آمِّينَ,] (Mṣb, [and part of this is said in the M,]) whereas he thereby only meant that the م is without teshdeed, like the ص in عَاصِينَ; (M;) beside that the sense of قَاصِدِينَ [which is that of آمِّينَ, from أَمَّ,] would be inconsistent after the last phrase of the first chapter of the Ḳur [where آمينَ is usually added]; (Mṣb;) and sometimes it is pronounced with imáleh, [i. e. “émeena,”] as is said by El-Wáhidee in the Beseet; (Ḳ;) but this is unknown in works on lexicology, and is said to be a mispronunciation of some of the Arabs of the desert of El-Yemen: (MF:) each form is indecl., (Ṣ,) with fet-ḥ for its termination, like أَيْنَ and كَيْفَ, to prevent the occurrence of two quiescent letters together: (T, Ṣ, TA:) it is a word used immediately after a prayer, or supplication: (Ṣ,* M:) [it is best expressed, when occurring in a translation, by the familiar Hebrew equivalent Amen:] El-Fárisee says that it is a compound of a verb and a noun; (M;) meaning answer Thou me; [i. e. answer Thou my prayer;] (M, Mgh;*) or O God, answer Thou: (Zj, T, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or so be it: (AḤát, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or so do Thou, (Ḳ, TA,) O Lord: (TA:) it is strangely asserted by some of the learned, that, after the Fátihah, [or Opening Chapter of the Ḳur-án,] it is a prayer which implies all that is prayed for in detail in the Fátihah: so in the Towsheeh: (MF:) or it is one of the names of God: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) so says El-Ḥasan (M, Mṣb) El-Basree: (Mṣb:) but the assertion that it is for يَا اَللّٰهُ [O God], and that اسْتَجِبٌ [answer Thou] is meant to be understood, is not correct accord. to the lexicologists; for, were it so, it would be with refa, not nasb. (T.)


إِيمَانٌ [inf. n. of 4, q. v.]

Root: امن - Entry: إِيمَانٌ Signification: A2

[Used as a simple subst., Belief; particularly in God, and in his word and apostles, &c.: faith: trust, or confidence:, &c.]

Root: امن - Entry: إِيمَانٌ Signification: A3

Sometimes it means Prayer; syn. صَلَاةٌ: as in the Ḳur [ii. 138], where it is said, وَمَا كَانَ ٱللّٰهُ لِيُضِيعَ إِيَمانَكُمْ, (Bḍ, Jel, TA,) i. e. [God will not make to be lost] your prayer towards Jerusalem, (Bḍ,* Jel,) as some explain it. (Bḍ.)

Root: امن - Entry: إِيمَانٌ Signification: A4

Sometimes, also, it is used as meaning The law brought by the Prophet. (Er-Rághib, TA.)


مَأْمَنٌ A place of security or safety or freedom from fear; or where one feels secure. (M, TA.)


مُؤْمَنٌ pass. part. n. of آمَنَهُ. (T.) It is said in the Ḳur [iv. 96], accord. to one reading, (T, M,) that of Aboo-Jaạfar El-Medenee, (T,) لَسْتَ مُؤْمَنًا [Thou art not granted security, or safety,, &c.; or] we will not grant thee security,, &c. (T, M.)


مُؤْمِنٌ [act. part. n. of 4; Rendering secure,, &c.]. المُؤْمِنُ is an epithet applied to God; meaning He who rendereth mankind secure from his wronging them: (T, Ṣ:) or He who rendereth his servants secure from his punishment: (M, IAth:) i. q. المُهَيْمِنُ, (M,) which is originally المُؤَأْمِنُ; [for the form مُفْعِلٌ is originally مُؤَفْعِلٌ;] the second ء being softened, and changed into ى, and the first being changed into ه: (Ṣ:) or the Believer of his servants (Th, M, TA) the Muslims, on the day of resurrection, when the nations shall be interrogated respecting the messages of their apostles: (TA:) or He who will faithfully perform to his servants what He hath promised them: (T, TA:) or He who hath declared in his word the truth of his unity. (T.)

Root: امن - Entry: مُؤْمِنٌ Signification: A2

[Also Believing, or a believer; particularly in God, and in his word and apostles, &c.: faithful: trusting, or confiding:, &c.: see 4.]


مَأْمُونٌ: see أَمِينٌ, in three places.

Root: امن - Entry: مَأْمُونٌ Signification: A2

مَأْمُونَةٌ A woman whose like is sought after and eagerly retained because of her valuable qualities. (M.)


مَأْمُونِيَّةٌ A certain kind of food; so called in relation to El-Ma-moon. (TA.)


مُؤْتَمَنٌ: see أَمِينٌ, in two places.

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