Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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اسى اشب اشر

1. ⇒ أشب

أَشَبَهُ, aor. ـِ {يَأْشِبُ}, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَشْبٌ, (M, TA,) He mixed it. (M, Ḳ.) And أَشَبْتُ القَوْمَ; (Ṣ;) orأَشَّبْتُهُمْ↓, inf. n. تَأْشِيبٌ; (TA;) I mixed the peogle together. (Ṣ, TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

Also, aor. as above, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and ـُ, (Ḳ,) inf. n. as above, (Ṣ,)He charged him with a vice, fault, or the like; blamed, censured, or reprehended, him: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he aspersed, reviled, or reproached, him, and mixed up falsehood in his aspersion of him. (TA.) You say also, أَشَبَهُ بِشرٍّ [i. e. بِشَرٍّ or بِشُرٍّ]He cast upon him a stigma, or mark of dishonour, by which he became known: (Lḥ, TA:) or he cast a censure, or reproach, upon him, and involved him in it. (TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

أَشِبَ الشَّجَرُ, aor. ـَ {يَأْشَبُ}, (A, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَشَبٌ; (TA;) andتأشّب↓; (Ḳ;) or أَشِبَتِ الغَيْضَةُ; (Ṣ;) The collection of trees, or the thicket, was, or became, dense, tangled, confused, intertwined, or complicated: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or very dense, or much tangled or confused, so as to be impassable. (AḤn, A.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 1. Signification: B2

[Hence,] أَشِبَ الكَلَامُ بَيْنَهُمْTheir speech, one with another, became confused, or intricate. (TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 1. Signification: B3

And أَشِبَ الشَّرُّ لِلَّئِيمِ Evil clave to the ignoble. (A.)

2. ⇒ أشّب

أشّبهُ, inf. n. تَأْشِيبٌ, He rendered it (a collection of trees) dense, tangled, confused, intertwined, or complicated. (Ḳ.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

أَشَبْتُ القَومَ: see 1.

Root: اشب - Entry: 2. Signification: A3

أشّب الكَلَامَ بَيْنَهُمْHe made their speech, one with another, confused, or intricate. (TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 2. Signification: A4

أشّب الشَّرَّ بَيْنَهُمْHe occasioned confusion, discord, or mischief, between them. (Lth.) And hence, (TA,) تَأْشِيبٌ signifies also The exciting discord, dissension, disorder, strife, quarrelling, or animosity, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) بَيْنَ قَومٍ between, or among, a people. (Ṣ, TA.)

5. ⇒ تأشّب

تأشّب: see 1.

Root: اشب - Entry: 5. Signification: A2

تأشّبواThey were, or became, mixed, or confounded together; as alsoائتشبوا↓ [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَشَبُوا]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: اشب - Entry: 5. Signification: A3

They assembled, or congregated, themselves (A, Ḳ) from different parts; (TA;) as alsoائتشبوا↓ (Ḳ.) And تأشّبوا إِلَيْهِThey drew themselves together to him, (Ḳ, TA,) and crowded densely upon him; or collected themselves together to him, and surrounded him. (TA.)

8. ⇒ ائتشب

see 5, in two places.


أَشَبٌ inf. n. of أَشِبَ. (TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: أَشَبٌ Signification: A2

[Hence,] Confusedness; dubiousness: so in the saying, ضَرَبَتْ فِيهِ فُلَانَةُ بِعِرْقٍ ذِى أَشَبٍ i. e. ذِى ٱلْتِبَاسٍ. (Ṣ.) See art. ضرب

Root: اشب - Entry: أَشَبٌ Signification: A3

Also An abundance of trees. (TA.) In a trad. of Ibn-Umm-Mektoom, إِنِّى رَجُلٌ ضَرِيرٌ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنَكَ أَشَبٌ فَرَخِّصْ لِى فِى العِشَآءِ وَالفَجْرِ means Verily I am a blind man, [and] between me and thee are palm-trees confusedly disposed; therefore grant thou me indulgence with respect to [coming to thee to perform the prayers of] the nightfall and the daybreak. (Ḳ,* MF, TA.)


أَشِبٌ Dense, tangled, confused, intertwined, or complicated; applied to a collection of trees: (Ṣ, TA:) or so dense, or so much tangled or confused, as to be impassable; applied to a thicket: (A:) and a place abounding with trees: (TA:) applied also to ‡ a collection of clouds, meaning commingled: (A:) and to † a number, meaning intricate, or confused. (Ṣ, TA.) It is said in a prov., عِيصُكَ مَنْكَ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَشِبًا (A,) meaning ‡ [Thy stock is an appertenance of thine] although it be thorny and intricate or confused. (TA. [See art. عيص])


أُشَابَةٌA medley, or mixed or promiscuous multitude or assemblage, of men, or people; (Ṣ, A, L, Ḳ) congregated from every quarter: (L:) pl. أَشَائِبُ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.*) You say, هٰؤُلَآءِ أُشَابَةٌThese are a collection [of people] from different places. (TA.)

Root: اشب - Entry: أُشَابَةٌ Signification: A2

Also ‡ Mixtures of unlawful and lawful kinds of property: (A:) or what is mixed with that which has been unlawfully acquired; (Ḳ, TA;) that in which is no good; (TA;) of gains: pl. as above. (Ḳ, TA.)


مَأْشُوبٌ الحَسَبِNot pure in his grounds of pretension to respect. (ISd, TA.) [See also what follows.]


جَمْعٌ مُؤْتَشَبٌ and مُؤْتَشِبٌ[A mixed collection of people]. (A.)

Root: اشب - Entry: مُؤْتَشَبٌ Signification: A2

فُلَانٌ مُؤْتَشَبٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) with fet-ḥ [to the ش], (Ḳ,) in one copy of the Ḳ, مُؤَشَّبٌ, (TA,)Such a one is of mixed, not of pure, race, or lineage. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

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