Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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اج اجر اجص

1. ⇒ أجر

أَجَرَهُ, aor. ـُ {يَأْجُرُ} and ـِ {يَأْجِرُ}, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which latter form of the aor., though known to most of the lexicologists, is disacknowledged by a few of them, (TA,) inf. n. أَجْرٌ; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) andآجرهُ↓, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) a form disacknowledged by Aṣ, but said by some to be the more chaste of the two, of the form أَفْعَلَ, not فَاعَلَ, as IḲṭṭ by evident inadvertence makes it to be by saying that its aor. is يُؤَاجِرُ, (TA,) inf. n. إِيجَارٌ; (Ṣ;) He (God, Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, and a man, Mgh) recompensed, compensated, or rewarded, him, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) عَلَى مَا فَعَلَ for what he had done. (A.) [See أَجْرٌ, below.] أُجِرَ فُلَانٌ خَمْسَةً مِنْ وَلَدِهِ [Such a one became entitled to a reward for five of his children, by their death, (for it is believed that the Muslim will be rewarded in Paradise for a child that has died in infancy)], (Ṣ,) and أُجِرَ وَلَدَهُ, (A,) and أُجِرَ فِى أَوْلَادِهِ, (Ḳ,) mean that his children died, and became [causes of] his reward. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)

Root: اجر - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

أَجَرَهُ, (Ḳ,) aor. ـُ {يَأْجُرُ}, (Ṣ,) [He served him for hire, pay, or wages;] he became his hired man, or hireling. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) So in the Ḳur xxviii. 27. (TA.)

Root: اجر - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

أَجَرَهُ, aor. ـُ {يَأْجُرُ}, (L, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and ـِ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَجْرٌ, (L, Ḳ,) He let him (namely his slave) on hire, or for pay, or wages; (L,* Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as alsoآجرهُ↓, inf. n. إِيجَارٌ; (ʼEyn, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) andآجرهُ↓, inf. n. مؤاجرة: (Ḳ:) all these are good forms of speech, used by the Arabs: (L:) orآجرهُ↓ having for its inf. n. مؤاجرة signifies he appointed him (namely another man) hire, pay, or wages, for his work; (Mj, Mgh;) or he engaged with him to give him hire, pay, or wages; (A, Mgh, Mṣb;) and can have only one objective complement: whereas, when it is of the measure أَفْعَلَ it is doubly trans.; (Mgh, Mṣb;) so that one says,آجَرَنِي↓ مَمْلُوكَهُ He let me his slave on hire. (Mgh.) One also says, أَجَرَ الدَّارَ, aor. ـُ {يَأْجُرُ} and ـِ {يَأْجِرُ}, inf. n. أَجْرٌ, He let the house on hire; and soآجر↓ الدَّارَ, [inf. n. إِيجَارٌ:] (Mṣb, TA:) andآجرهُ↓ الدَّارَ, [inf. n. إِيجَارٌ,] He let to him the house on hire: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb:) the latter verb being of the measure أَفْعَلَ, not of the measure فَاعَلَ: (A, Mgh, Mṣb:) and the vulgar say, وَاجَرَ: (Ṣ:) some, however, say,آجَرْتُ↓ الدَّارَ, inf. n. مُؤَاجَرَةٌ, making the verb of the measure فاعل: (Mṣb, TA:) some also say,آجَرْتُ↓ الدَّارَ زَيْدَّا [I let the house to Zeyd], inverting the order of the words: (Mṣb, TA:) and the lawyers say,آجَرْتُ↓ الدَّارَ مِنْ زَيْدٍ [in the same sense, like as بِعْتُ مِنْ زَيْدٍ الدَّارِ means the same as بِعْتُ زَيْداً الدَّارَ]. (Mṣb: [but in the Mgh, the like of this is said to be vulgar.])

3. ⇒ آجر

آجر, inf. n. مُؤَاجَرَةٌ: see 1, latter half, in three places: and see 1. One says also, of a woman, (Ḳ,) or a whorish female slave, (TA,) آجَرَتْ, [of the measure فَاعَلَتْ, not أَفْعَلَتْ, (see مُؤْجِرٌ, below,)] meaning She prostituted herself for hire. (Ḳ.)

4. ⇒ آجر

آجر, inf. n. إِيجَارٌ: see 1, first sentence:

Root: اجر - Entry: 4. Signification: A2

8. ⇒ ائتجر

ائتجر [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَجَرَ] He gave alms, seeking thereby to obtain a reward [from God]: (L, Ḳ *:) and ائتجربِهِ He gave it as alms, seeking thereby a reward. (L.) ٱتَّجَرَ for ائتجر is not allowable, because ء cannot be incorporated into ت: [or, accord. to some, this is allowable, as in ٱتَّزَرَ for ائتزر, and ٱتَّمَنَ for ائتمن, &c.:] Hr allows it; and cites an ex. in a trad.; but IAth says that the proper reading in this instance is يَأْتَجِرُ, not يَتَّجِرُ; or, if the latter be allowed, it is from التِّجَارَةُ, not from الأَجْرُ. (L.)

Root: اجر - Entry: 8. Signification: A2

اُوتُجِرَ عَلَيْهِ بِكَذَا [in which the radical ء is changed into و because the alif preceding it is made disjunctive and with damm, (in one copy of the Ṣ, and in the L and TA, erroneously written اِيْتَجَرَ,) He was hired to do it for such a sum or thing, (see مُؤْتَجَرٌ, below,)] is from الأُجْرَةُ. (Ṣ, L.)

10. ⇒ استأجر

استأجرهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) andآجرهُ↓, (Ḳ,) [the latter of the measure فَاعَلَ, as has been clearly shown above, from the A and Mgh and Mṣb,] He hired him; took him as a hired man, or hireling. (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA.) You say also, استأجر الدَّارَ [He hired the house; took it on hire]. (A, Mgh,)


أَجْرٌ A recompense, compensation, or reward, (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.,) for what one has done; (Ḳ;) i. q. ثَوَابٌ; (Ṣ;) as alsoإِجَارَةٌ↓ andأَجَارَةٌ↓ andأُجَارَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) of which three forms the first is the most generally known and the most chaste, (TA,) andأُجْرَةٌ↓: (TA:) or, as some say, there is a distinction between أَجْرٌ and ثَوَابٌ: El-ʼEynee says, in the Expos. of El-Bukháree, that what is obtained by the fundamental practices of the law, and by obligatory religious services, is termed ثواب; and what is obtained by supererogatory acts of religion, اجر; for ثواب is properly a substitute for a thing itself; and اجر, for the profit arising from a thing; though each is sometimes used in the sense of the other: (TA:) it is well known that اجر signifies a recompense, or reward, from God to a man, for righteous conduct; (MF;) and إِجَارَةٌ↓, recompense, compensation, hire, pay, or wages, from one man to another, for work; (Mgh, MF;) and hence الأَجِيرُ; (MF;) andأُجْرَةٌ↓ also has this latter signification, (Mgh, TA,) and is syn. with كِرَآءٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) [signifying likewise rent for a house, and the like;] but أَجْرٌ is used [sometimes] in the sense of إِجَارَةٌ and in that of أُجْرَةٌ: (Mṣb:) the pl. of أَجْرٌ is أُجُورٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and آجَارٌ; (Ḳ;) but the latter form was unknown to MF: (TA:) the pl. ofأُجْرَةٌ↓ is أَجَرٌ and أُجُرَاتٌ and أُجَرَاتٌ. (Mṣb.) [One says, أَجْرُكَ عَلَى ٱللّٰهِ Thy recompense is due from God. And, to console a person for the death of a relation or friend, عَظَّمَ ٱللّٰهُ أَجْرَكَ فِيهِ May God largely compensate thee for him! i. e., for the loss of him.] By the expression أَجْرٍ كِرِيمٍ in the Ḳur xxxvi. 10 is said to be meant Paradise. (TA.)

Root: اجر - Entry: أَجْرٌ Signification: A2

A dowry, or nuptial gift; a gift that is given to, or for, a bride: (Ḳ:) pl. أُجُورٌ: so in the Ḳur xxxiii. 49 [&c.]. (TA.)

Root: اجر - Entry: أَجْرٌ Signification: A3

Praise; good fame. (Ḳ.) So, as some say, in the Ḳur xxix. 26. (TA.)

أَجُرٌ / أُجُرٌ

أَجُرٌ and أُجُرٌ: see آجُرٌّ.


أُجْرَةٌ: see أَجْرٌ, in three places.

إِجْرِيَّا / إِجْرِيَّآءُ

إِجْرِيَّا and إِجْرِيَّآءُ: see إِجِّيرَى.


أَجُورٌ: see آجُرٌّ.


أَجِيرٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.) A hired man; a hireling: (L:) or of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مُفَاعَلٌ, i. e. a man with whom one has engaged to give him hire, pay, or wages: (Mgh, Mṣb:*) pl. أُجَرَآءُ. (L, Mṣb.)

إِجَارَةٌ / أَجَارَةٌ / أُجَارَةٌ

إِجَارَةٌ and أَجَارَةٌ and أُجَارَةٌ: see أَجْرٌ, in four places.

Root: اجر - Entry: إِجَارَةٌ Signification: A2

إِجَارَةٌ also signifies The giving of usufructs for a compensation. (Mgh.)

Root: اجر - Entry: إِجَارَةٌ Signification: A3

And Land which its owners have let to him who will build upon it: so explained by the lawyers. (Mgh.)


إِجَّارٌ (Ṣ, M, IAth, Mgh, Ḳ) andإِجَّارَةٌ↓ (M) andإِنْجَارٌ↓ (Mgh, Ḳ) The flat top, or roof, of a house, (Ṣ, M, IAth, Mgh, Ḳ,) that has not around it anything to prevent a person's falling from it: (M,* IAth:) of the dial. of the people of Syria and of El-Ḥijáz: (Ṣ:) pl. [of the first and second] أَجَاجِيرُ and أَجَاجِرَةٌ; (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, Ḳ;) and [of the third] أَنَا جِيرُ. (Mgh, Ḳ.)


إِجَّارَةٌ: see إِجَّارٌ.


إِجِّيرَى (ISk, Ḳ) andإِجْرِيَّا↓ andإِجْرِيَّآءُ↓ (Ṣ in art. هجر) A custom; a habit. (ISk, Ḳ, and Ṣ ubi suprà.) The hemzeh is said to be a substitute for ه [in هِجِّيرَى, &c.] (TA.) You say, مَا زَالَ ذٰلِكَ إِجِّيرَاهُ That ceased not to be his custom, or habit. (ISk.)

آجَرٌ / آجُرٌ / آجِرٌ / آجُرُونَ / آجِرُونَ

آجَرٌ and آجُرٌ and آجِرٌ, and the pls. آجُرُونَ and آجِرُونَ: see what next follows.

آجُرٌّ / آجُرَّةٌ

آجُرٌّ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andآجُرٌّ↓ (AA, Ks, Ḳ) andآجُورٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andأَجُورٌ↓ andيَاجُورٌ↓ (Ḳ) andأَجُرٌ↓ (as in some copies of the Ḳ) andآجَرٌ↓, (as in some copies of the Ḳ and in the TA,) orأُجُرٌ↓, (as in other copies of the Ḳ,) andآجِرٌ↓ [to which is erroneously added in the CK آجِرَةٌ] and [the pls.]آجُرُونَ↓ andآجِرُونَ↓ (Ḳ) are syn., (Ṣ, Ḳ,) of Persian origin, (Ṣ,) [from آگُورْ or آگُرْ,] arabicized, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) signifying Baked bricks; (Mṣb;) baked clay, (Mgh, L,) with which one builds: (Ṣ, L:) آجُرٌّ and آجُورٌّ and آجُرٌ [&c.] are pls., [or rather coll. gen. ns., except the two forms ending with و and ن,] and their sings. [or rather ns. un.] are with ة, i. e. آجُرَّةٌ, &c. (L.)


آجُورٌ: see آجُرٌّ.


إِنْجَارٌ: see إِجَّارٌ.


مُؤْجَرٌ [A slave, or] a house, let on hire; (Akh, T, Mṣb;) as alsoمَأْجُورٌ↓; (L;) and some say, مُؤَاجَرٌ↓. (Akh, Mṣb.)


مُؤْجِرٌ One who lets on hire [a slave, or] a house: one should not say مُوَاجِرٌ↓; for this is wrong with respect to the classical language, and abominable with respect to the conventional acceptation and common usage; a foul reproach being meant thereby [as is shown by the explanation of آجَرَتْ, given above: or, accord to some, it is allowable when it relates to a house: (see أَجَرَهُ:) it seems to be disallowed only when used absolutely]. (A, Mgh.)


مَأْجُورٌ: see مُؤْجَرٌ.


مُؤَاجَرٌ: see مُؤْجَرٌ.


مُؤَاجِرٌ: see مُؤْجِرٌ.


مُؤْتَجَرٌ [part. n. of اُوتُجِرَ]. Moḥammad Ibn-Bishr El-Khárijee, not [as is said in the Ṣ] Aboo-Dahbal, says, (L,)

* يَا لَيْتَ أَنِّى بِأَثْوَابِى وَرَاحِلَتِى *
* عَبْدٌ لِأَهْلِكَ هٰذَا الشَّهْرَ مُؤْتَجَرُ *

[O would that I were, with my clothes and my riding-camel, a hired slave to thy family, this month]: (Ṣ, L.) i. e., مَعَ أَثْوَابِى. (Ṣ.)


يَاجُورٌ: see آجُرٌّ.

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