Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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اهب اهل او

1. ⇒ أهل

أَهَلَ, aor. ـُ {يَأْهُلُ}, inf. n. أُهُولٌ; (Mṣb;) or أُهِلَ, like عُنِىَ; (Ḳ, TA;) It (a place, Mṣb, TA) was, or became, peopled, or inhabited. (Mṣb, Ḳ, TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

أَهَلَ, aor. ـُ {يَأْهُلُ} and ـِ {يَأْهِلُ}, inf. n. as above, He married, or took a wife; (Yoo, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoتأهّل↓; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) andٱتَّهَلَ↓, [written with the disjunctive alif اِتَّهَلَ, like ٱتَّخَذَ and ٱتَّزَرَ and ٱتَمَنَ, &c.], (Ḳ,) of the measure افتعل. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

أَهَلَ; (Ks, Ṣ, Mṣb;) or أَهِلَ, aor. ـَ {يَأْهَلُ}; (Ḳ;) or both; (JK;) بِهِ, (JK,) i. e. بِالرَّجُلِ, (Ks, Ṣ,) or بِالشَّىْءِ; (Mṣb;) i. q. أَنِسَ [He was, or became, sociable, companionable, friendly, amicable, or familiar, with him, i. e. the man; or he was, or became, cheered, or gladdened, by his company or converse, or by his, or its (the thing's) presence]. (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)

2. ⇒ أهّل

أهّل بِهِ, (Ḳ,) or أهّلهُ, (Ḥam p. 184,) inf. n. تَأْهِيلٌ (Ḥam, Ḳ,) He said to him أَهْلًا: (Ḥam:) or he said to him مَرْحَبًا وَأَهْلًا: (Ḳ:) like رَحَّبَ بِهِ: (TA:) [see أَهْلٌ:] IB says that [the first pers. of] the aor. of this verb is with fet-ḥ to the ه [contr. to rule: a strange assertion]. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

أهّلهُ لِذٰلِكَ, inf. n. as above; andآهلهُ↓; He saw him, judged him, thought him, or held him, to be worthy, or deserving, of that; to merit it; to have a right, or just title or claim, to it: (Ḳ,* TA:) or he made him to be worthy, or deserving, of that;, &c. (TA.) You say, أَهَّلَكَ ٱللّٰهُ لِلْخَيْرِ [May God make thee worthy, or deserving, of good, good fortune, prosperity, or the like]. (Ṣ.)

4. ⇒ آهل

آهَلَكَ ٱللّٰهُ فِى الجَنَّةِ, inf. n. إِيهَالٌ, May God make thee to enter with thy wife into Paradise: (AZ, Ṣ, TA:) or may God make thee to have a family in Paradise, and unite thee with them [therein]. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: 4. Signification: A2

5. ⇒ تأهّل

8. ⇒ ائتهل

10. ⇒ استأهل

استأهلهُ as signifying He was, or became, worthy, or deserving, of it, or he merited it, or he had a right, or just title or claim, to it, is not allowable: (Mṣb,* MF:) not only does J disallow it, but the generality of those before him do so; saying that it is not chaste: in the Fṣ it is said to be of weak authority; and the expositors thereof confirm this assertion, saying that it occurs, but is inferior to other words in chasteness; and El-Ḥareeree asserts it to be erroneous: (MF:) or it is good in this sense; and J's disallowance of it is of no account: (Ḳ:) Az and Z and Ṣgh and others assert it to be good: and Az says, in the T, some have asserted the saying فُلَانٌ يَسْتَأْهِلُ أَنْ يُكْرَمَ أَوْ يُهَانَ, as meaning [Such a one] is worthy, or deserving, [of being treated with honour, or of being held in light estimation,] to be erroneous; and الاِسْتِئْهَالُ to be only from الإِهَالَةُ; but I do not disallow it, nor charge with error him who says thus; for I have heard the verb thus used by a chaste Arab of the desert, of the BenooAsad, and there was present a number of Arabs of the desert who did not disapprove his saying: and this is confirmed by the saying in the Kur [lxxiv. 55],هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَى وَأَهْلُ المَغْفِرَةِ [explained below: see أَهْلُ]. (T.)

Root: اهل - Entry: 10. Dissociation: B

استأهل, (JK, Ḳ,) or استأهل الأَهَالَةَ, (Mṣb,) He took the إِهَالَةَ: (JK, Ḳ:) or he ate the اهالة: see this word below. (Mṣb, TA.)


أَهْلٌ [The people of a house or dwelling, and of a town or village, and of a country: and the family of a man:] a man's cohabitants of one dwelling or place of abode, (Er-Rághib, Kull p. 84,) and of one town or country: (Er-Rághib:) afterwards applied to a man's fellow-members of one family or race, and of one religion, and of one craft or art or the like: (Er-Rághib, Kull:) or, as some say, relations, whether they have followers or dependents, or not; whereas آلٌ signifies relations with their followers or dependents: (Kull:) or it originally signifies relations: and sometimes is applied to followers or dependents: and signifies also the أَهْل [i. e. people, or inhabitants, or family,] of a house or tent: (Mṣb:) or a man's nearer, or nearest, relations by descent from the same father or ancestor; or his kinsfolk; his relations: (Ḳ:) or, accord. to [the Imám] Moḥammad, a man's wife [or wives] and his children and household who are the objects of his expenditure; and thus, any brother and sister, or paternal uncle and son of a paternal uncle, or strange or distantly-related child, whom a man feeds or sustains in his abode: the most particular, or most special, dependents, or the like, of a man: on the authority of El-Ghooree: (Mgh:) [J indicates some of these meanings merely by saying that it signifies] the أَهْل of a man, and the أَهْل of a house; as alsoأَهْلَةٌ↓: (Ṣ:) [see also آلٌ; in the explanations of which, certain distinctions between it and أَهْلٌ will be found mentioned:] the pl. is أَهْلُونَ, [like أَرْضُونَ, a form sometimes used for أَرَضُونَ] (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and أَهَالٍ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) with an additional ى [implied by the tenween, and expressed in the accus. case, and when the word is determinate, as in الأَهَالِى,] (Ṣ,) contr. to rule, (Ṣ, Mgh,) like لَيَالٍ, pl. of لَيْلٌ, (Ṣ,) [and like أَرَاض, respecting which and ليَالٍ and أَهَالٍ, see أَرْضٌ,] and آهَالٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) a pl. [of pauc.] sometimes occurring in poetry, (Ṣ,) [like آرَاضٌ,] and أَهْلَاتٌ and أَهَلَاتٌ [as though pls. of أَهْلَةٌ]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A2

أَهْلُ البَيْتِ The [people or] inhabitants [or family] of the house or tent. (Mgh, Ḳ.) But أَوْصَى لأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ means the same as اوصى لِجِنْسِهِ, i. e. He left by will, of his property, to the children of his father, [or his kindred by the father's side,] exclusively of all relations of the mother. (Mgh in art. جنس.) [See also أَهْلُ الرَّجُلِ, below.]

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A3

أَهْلَ القُرَى The [people or] inhabitants of the towns or villages. (TA.) And أَهْلُ البَلَدِ The settled, or constant, inhabitants of the country or town. (Mṣb.) And أَهْلُ الحَضَرِ The people of the region, or regions, of cities, towns, or villages, and of cultivated land. (A in art. حضر.) And أَهْلُ المَدَرِ وَالوَبَرِ (Ṣ in art. مدر, &c.) [The people of the towns or villages, or] the inhabitants of the buildings, and of the tents, (Kull,) or deserts. (TA in art. وبر)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A4

[أَهْلُ القُبُورِ, and المَقَابِرِ, The people of the graces, and of the places of graves; i. e., those buried therein.]

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A5

[أَهْلُ الجَنَّةِ The people of Paradise.]

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A6

[أَهْلُ النَّارِ The people of the fire, i. e., of Hell.]

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A7
Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A8

The following is an ex. of اهل as explained above in the first sentence on the authority of the Ḳ: الأَهْلُ إِلَى الأَهْلِ أَسْرَعُ مِنَ السِّيلِ إِلَى السَّهْلِ a prov. [meaning Kinsfolk are quicker of tendency to kinsfolk than the torrent to the plain]. (TA.) So, too, a saying of a poet cited voce خَفْضٌ. (TA.) [And] أَهْلَكَ وَاللَّيْلَ a prov. meaning بَادِر أَهْلَكَ وَٱحْذَرِ اللَّيْلَ وَظُلْمَتَهُ [Betake thyself early to thy family, and beware of the night and its darkness]. (Ḥar p. 175.) [And] مَرْحَبًا وَأَهْلًا (Ṣ, Ḳ) a saying meaning Thou hast come to an ample, or a spacious, or roomy, place, and to [people like thine own] kinsfolk; therefore be cheerful, or sociable, not sad, or shy: (Ṣ:) or thou hast found, or met with, [an ample, or a spacious, or roomy, place, and] kinsfolk, not strangers. (Ḳ.) [And] أَهْلًا وَسَهْلًا وَمَرْحَبًا Thou hast come to a people who are [like] kinsfolk, and to a place that is plain, even, not rugged, and that is ample, spacious, or roomy; therefore rejoice thyself, and be not sad, or shy. (Mṣb.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A9

أَهْلُ النَّبِىِّ The [family or] wives and daughters of the Prophet, and his son-in-law ʼAlee: or his women; and (as some say, TA) the men who are his آل; (Ḳ, TA;) comprising the grandchildren (أَحْفَاد) and [other] progeny: and so أَهْلُ البَيْتِ as used in the Ḳur xxxiii. 33, occurring also [in a like sense] in xi. 76: (TA:) and الأَهْلُ is conventionally applied to the nearer, or nearest, kinsfolk of the Prophet. (Er-Rághib.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A10

أَهْلُ كُلِّ نَبِىٍّ also means The people to whom any prophet is sent; (Ḳ, TA;) and those who are of his religion. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A11

In the phrase آلٌ ٱللّٰهِ وَرَسُولِهِ, meaning The friends, or the like, (أَوْلِيَآء Ḳ, TA,) and the assistants, (TA,) of God and of his apostle, the first word is originally أَهْل. (Ḳ, TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A12

أَهْلُ ٱللّٰهِ is also an appellation which used to be applied to The readers or reciters [of the Ḳur-án]. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A13

أَهْلُ الرَّجُلِ also signifies ‡ The man's wife; (Mgh,* Mṣb,* Ḳ;) as well as his wife and children; (TA;) [so, too, in the present day, أَهْلُ بَيْتِ الرَّجُلِ;] and so, too, أَهْلَتُهُ↓. (Ḳ.) Hence the phrase بَنَى عَلَى أَهْلِهِ [see art. بنى]: (Kull:) and دَخَلَ بِأَهْلِهِ and دَخَلَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ [see art. دخل]. (Ḥar p. 502;, &c.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A14

أَهْلُ مَذْهَبٍ [The people of, or] those who follow, (Ḳ, TA,) and believe, (TA,) a certain persuasion, or body of tenets. (Ḳ, TA.) [Hence,] أَهْلُ السُّنَةِ [Those who conform to the institutes of Moḥammad]. (TA.) [And] أَهْلُ الأَهْوَآءِ [The people of erroneous opinions;] those whose belief is not that of the class termed أَهْلُ السُّنَّةِ, but who hare the same قِبْلَة. (TA.) [And] أَهْلُ الإِسْلَامِ Those who follow the religion of El-Islám. (Mgh.) [And] أَهْلُ القُرْآنِ Those who read, or recite, the Ḳur-án, and perform the duties enjoined thereby. (Mgh.) [And] أَهْلُ الكِتَابِ [The people of the Scripture, or Bible: and] the readers, or reciters, of the Mosaic Law, and of the Gospel. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A15

أَهْلُ العِلْمِ [The people of knowledge, or science;] those who are characterized by knowledge, or science. (Mṣb.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A16

أَهْلُ الأَمْرِ [The possessors of command: or] those who superintend the affairs [of others]; (Ḳ, TA;) like أُلُوالأَمرِ, q. v. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A17

أَهْلُ المَرَاتِبِ [The people of exalted stations, posts of honour, or dignities]. (TA in art. رتب.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A18

أَهْلُ الذِّمَّةِ (Mgh in art. ذم) and أَهْلُ العَهْدِ (TA in art. عهد) Those persons, (Mgh, TA,) of the unbelievers, (Mgh,) [namely, Christians, Jews, and Sabians, but no others,] who have a compact, or covenant, with the Muslims, (Mgh, TA,) paying a poll-tax, whereby they are secure of their property and blood, (Mgh,) or whereby the Muslims are responsible for their security [and freedom and toleration] as long as they act agreeably to the compact. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A19

أَهْلٌ also signifies The possessors, or owners, of property: as in the Ḳur iv. 61. (TA.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A20

أَهْلٌ لِكَذَا A person, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and persons, for it is used as a sing. and as a pl., (Ḳ,) having a right, or just title, to such a thing; entitled thereto; worthy, or deserving, thereof; meet, or fit, for it: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) the vulgar say مُسْتَأْهِلٌ↓, which is not allowable: (Ṣ:) or this assertion of J's is of no account. (Ḳ: see 10.) You say, هُو أَهْلٌ لِإِكْرَامِ He is entitled to be, or worthy of being, treated with honour. (Mṣb.) Andهُوَ أَهْلَةٌ↓ لِكُّلِ خَيْر [He is entitled to, or worthy of, all that is good]. (Ibn-ʼAbbád.) Andأَهلَةٌ↓ وُدٍّ He who is, or they who are, entitled to, or worthy of, love, or affection. (Ṣ, Ṣgh.) And hence, in the Ḳur [lxxiv. last verse], هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَى وَأَهْلُ المَغْفِرَةِ (TA) He is the Being entitled to be regarded with pious fear, and the Being entitled to forgive those who so regard Him. (Jel.) In the phrase أهْلَ الثَنَآءِ وَالمَجْدِ [0 Thou who art the Being entitled to praise and glory], occurring in a form of prayer, the first word is mansoob as a vocative: and it may be marfooa, as the enunciative of an inchoative suppressed; i. e. أَنْتَ أَهْلُ [Thou art the Being entitled, &c.]. (Mṣb.)

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلٌ Signification: A21

[Frequently, also, أَهْلٌ signifies The author, or, more commonly, authors, of a thing; like صَاحِبٌ and أَصْحَابٌ; as in أَهْلُ البِدَعِ The author, or authors, of innovations; and أَهْلُ الظُّلْمِ The author, or authors, of wrong.]


أَهِلٌ: see أَهْلِيىٌ.


أَهْلَةٌ: see أَهْلٌ, in four places:

Root: اهل - Entry: أَهْلَةٌ Dissociation: B


أَهِلَةٌ i. q. مَالٌ [Property; or cattle]: so in the saying إِنَّهُمْ لَأَهْلُ أَهِلَةٍ (JK, Ḳ) [app. meaning Verily they are sojourners, or settlers, possessed of property, or cattle]: أَهْلٌ↓ here signifying حُلُولٌ [pl. of حَالٌّ]. (JK, TA.) [But] Yoo says that هُمْ أَهْلُ أَهْلَةِ↓ and أَهِلَةٍ means They are people of the distinguished sort. (TA.)


أَهْلِىٌّ A domestic beast [or bird]; a beast [or bird] that keeps to the dwelling [of its owner]; (JK, Mṣb, Ḳ, TA;) contr. of وَحْشِىٌّ; (TA;) as alsoأَهِلٌ↓. (Ḳ.) You say حُمُرٌ أَهْلِيَّةٌ [Domestic asses]: (JK, TA:) occurring in a trad., in which their flesh is forbidden to be eaten. (TA.)


أَهْلِيَّةٌ The quality of having a right, or just title, to a thing; worthiness, or desert; meetness, or fitness; in Pers. سَزَوَارِى: (Golius, app. from a gloss. in a copy of the KL:) the state, or quality, of meetness, or fitness, [of a person,] for the bindingness of the rights which the law imposes for one or upon him. (TA.)


إِهَالَةٌ Grease: (Ṣ:) or melted grease: (Mṣb:) or fat: or melted fat: or olive-oil: and anything that is used as a seasoning or condiment: (Ḳ:) such as fresh butter, and fat, and oil of sesame: (TA:) or melted fat of a sheep's tail and the like. (JK.) Hence, سَرْعَانَ ذَا إِهَالَةٌ, a prov., mentioned in art. سرع; (Ḳ,* TA;) or, as some say, وَشْكَانَ. (TA.)


آهِلٌ, (JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [said by those unacquainted with the verb أَهَلَ in the first of the senses explained in this art. to be] a kind of rel. n., (TA,) andمَأْهُولٌ↓, (JK, Ḳ,) A place peopled, or inhabited: (Mṣb:) or a place having people: (JK:) or the former has this signification; and the latter signifies having its people in it: (ISk, Ḳ:) or the former has this last signification: (Yoo, Ṣ:) pl. of the latter مَآهِلُ, occurring in a poem of Ru-beh [app. by poetic licence for مَآهِيلُ]. (TA.) You say قَرْيَةٌ آهِلَةٌ A peopled, or inhabited, town or village. (Mṣb.) And أَمْسَتْ نِيرَانُهُمْ آهِلَةٌ Their fires became in the evening attended by many people. (TA.)


مَأْهُولٌ: see آهِلٌ.

Root: اهل - Entry: مَأْهُولٌ Dissociation: B

ثَرِيدَةٌ مَأْهُولَةٌ [A mess of crumbled bread] having much إِهَالَة, q. v. (A, TA.)


مُتَأَهِّلٌ Having a wife. (Ḥar p. 571.)


مُسْتَأْهِلٌ: see أَهْلٌ; latter part of the paragraph.

Root: اهل - Entry: مُسْتَأْهِلٌ Dissociation: B

Also Taking, or eating, إِهَالَة, q. v. (Ṣ.)

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