Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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انو انى انيه

1. ⇒ أنى

أَنَى, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) aor. يَأْنِى, (Ṣ,) inf. n. إِنٌى (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and أَنْىٌ and أَنَآءٌ, (M, Ḳ,) or, accord. to [some of the copies of] the M, أَنًى, (TA, [in which this is said to be the right form,]) or أَنًا, (as written in the CK,) said of a thing, Its time came; or it was, or became, or drew, near; syn. أَتَى وَقْتُهُ, and جَآءَ أَنَاهُ; (Bḍ lvii. 15 [in explanation of a passage cited voce أَنْ];) or حَانَ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or أَنَى, aor. يَأْنِى, inf. n. أَنْىٌ, signifies it was, or became, or drew, near; and it was, or became, present. (Mṣb.) You say, أَنَى لَكَ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ, aor. يَأْنِى; and آنَ, aor. يَئِينُ; and نَالَ لك, aor. يَنِيلُ; and أَنَالَ; all meaning حَانَ لَكَ [The time has come, or has drawn near, for thee that thou shouldst do such a thing: or the time of thy doing such a thing has come to thee: or thy doing such a thing has drawn near]: so says Zj; and Fr says the like: but the best of these is أَنَى لَكَ. (T.) And أَنَى الرَّحِيلُ The time of departure came, or drew near; syn. حَانَ وَقْتُهُ. (TA, from a trad.)

Root: انى - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

It came, or attained, to its time; to its full, or final, time or state; to maturity, or ripeness; it became mature, or ripe; (T, Ṣ, M, IAmb,* Mṣb,* Ḳ;) or, accord. to some, only when said of a plant; (M, Ḳ;) [or it signifies also] it became thoroughly cooked. (T, Mṣb.*) Hence, in the Ḳur [xxxiii. 53], غَيْرَنَاظِرِينَ إِنَاهُ Not waiting, or watching, for its becoming thoroughly cooked; or for its cooking becoming finished. (T, Ṣ,* M.) [See also إِنًى, below.] You say also, أَنَى الحَمِيمُ, (inf. n. أَنْىٌ, TA,) The hot water became heated to the utmost degree. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) And أَنَى المَآءُ The water became hot to the utmost degree. (M.)

Root: انى - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

أَنَى, aor. أُنِىٌّ, inf. n. أَنْىٌ, It (a thing) was, or became, behind, or after, its time: (Lth, T:) or أَنَى, inf. n. أُنِىٌّ, it, or he, (a man, TA,) was, or became, behind, backward, or late; it, or he, delayed, or held back; (M, Ḳ;) as also أَنِىَ, aor. يَأْنَى, inf. n. إِنًى; andأَنَّى↓, inf. n. تَأْنِيَةٌ. (Ḳ.)

Root: انى - Entry: 1. Signification: B2

See also 5, in two places.

2. ⇒ أنّى

see 4, in two places:

Root: انى - Entry: 2. Dissociation: B
Root: انى - Entry: 2. Signification: B2

You say also, أَنَّيْتُ فِى الشَّىْءِ I fell short, or fell short of what was requisite or what I ought to have done, or flagged, or was remiss, in, or in respect of, the thing. (TA. [The verb is there written without any syll. signs; but the context seems to indicate that it is as above.])

4. ⇒ آنى

آنى andأنّى↓ signify the same. (IAạr, T, M.) You say, آنَاهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) with medd, (Mṣb,) aor. يُؤْنِيهِ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. إِينَآءٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) [in the CK, اَنَيْتُهُ اِنْيًا is erroneously put for آنَيْتُهُ إِينَآءٌ,] He postponed it, put it off, deferred it, delayed it, retarded it; (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) retrained it, withheld it, impeded it; (Ṣ, TA;) whatever the thing be. (T.) Andأَنَّيْتُ↓ الطَّعَامَ فِى النَّارِ I kept the food long upon the fire. (TA.) And لَا تُؤْنِ فُرْصَتَكَ Postpone not thou, or defer not, thine opportunity, or the time when thou art able to do a thing. (T.) And it is said in a trad., respecting the prayer of Friday, رَأَيْتُكَ آنَيْتَ وَآذَيْتَ (M,* Mgh,* TA) I see thee to have delayed coming, and to have done what is annoying to others by stepping over the necks [of those already in their places in the mosque]: (Aṣ, Mgh,* TA:) a saying of ʼOmar. (Mgh.)

Root: انى - Entry: 4. Dissociation: B

آنَاهُ also signifies He made him, or it, to be distant, remote, or far off; removed far away, alienated, or estranged, him, or it; like أَنْآهُ [from which it is formed by transposition]. (TA.) [Hence,] يُؤْنِيكَ occurs in a verse of Es-Sulameeyeh; (M, TA;) meaning يُنْئِيكَ; the ء being put before the ن (M.)

5. ⇒ تأنّى

تأنّى He acted deliberately, or leisurely, not hastily; as alsoاستأنى↓; andأَنِىَ↓, (M, Ḳ,) aor. يَأْنَى, (Ḳ,) inf. n. أنْىٌ: (TA:) he acted with moderation, gently, deliberately, or leisurely; without haste; and with gravity, staidness, sedateness, or calmness; فِى الأَمْرِ in the affair; as alsoاستأنى↓: (Mgh:) or he acted gently; (IAạr, T, TA;) as alsoأَنِىَ↓, aor. and inf. n. as above: (TA:) or he acted gently, and waited; فِى الأَمْرِ in the affair: (Ṣ:) or he waited, or was patient, or waited with patience, (T, Mṣb,) and did not hasten, in an affair. (Mṣb.) التَّأَتِّى and التَّأَنِّى are nearly syn.: you say, تأنّى لَهُ He acted gently with him, [or to him,] and did not hasten in his affair. (Mgh.) You say also,استأنى↓ بِهِ He waited patiently with him; or waited, and had patience, with him; (Ṣ, TA;) he did not hasten him; (Lth, T;) as alsoاستأناهُ↓. (ʼEyn, Ḥar p. 67.) Andاُسْتُؤْنِىَ↓ بِهِ حَوْلًا [He was waited patiently with for a year]. (Ṣ.) Andاِسْتَأْنِ↓ فِى أَمْرِكَ Hasten not in thine affair. (Lth, T.) Andاِسْتَأْنَيْتُ↓ فِى الطَّعَامِ I waited for the food to become perfectly prepared or cooked. (Ḥar p. 67.) And تَأَنَّيْتُ الرَّجُلَ (and عَلَيْهِ, M and Ḳ in art. نظر, [see اِنْتَظَرَهُ,]) I waited for the man; as alsoاِسْتَأْنَيْتُ↓ بِهِ: whence,يُسْتَأنَى↓ بِالْجِرَاحَاتِ One should wait for the issues, or consequences, or results, of wounds. (Mgh.) And تَأنَّيْتُكَ حَتَّى لَا أَنَاةَ بِى [I have waited patiently for thee until there is no disposition to wait patiently in me]. (Ṣ.)

10. ⇒ استأنى

see 5, passim.


أَنْىٌ: see what next follows.


إِنْىٌ (AO, T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) andإِنًى↓, (Akh, T, Ṣ, Mṣb,) the latter in [some of] the copies of the Ḳ erroneously written أَنَآءٌ, (TA,) [and in other copies of the same omitted,] andإِنْوٌ↓, (Akh, Th, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) with و substituted for ى, (AAF, M,) andأَنْىٌ↓ (Ḳ) andأَنًى↓, (M, IAmb,) An hour, or a short portion, or a time, or an indefinite time, (سَاعَةٌ,) of the night: (Zj, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or a time or season (وَقْتٌ) of the night: (M in art. انو:) or i. q. وَهْنٌ [the period about midnight; or the time after an hour, or a short period, of the night; or when the night is departing]: (M, Ḳ:) or any سَاعَة [i. e. hour, or short portion, or time,] (M, Ḳ) of the night: (M:) [and any period of time; as will be seen below:] or, accord. to some, (M,) إِنًى↓ signifies the whole day; (M, Ḳ;) as alsoأَنًى↓: (Ḳ:) the pl. is آنَآءٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أُنىٌّ and إِنِىٌّ. (M, Ḳ.) You say, مَضَى إِنْىٌ مِنَ الَّيْلِ andإِنْوٌ↓ [&c.] A time, or season, [&c.,] (وَقْتٌ, [&c.,]) of the night passed: (M in art. انو:) dual إِنْيَانِ and إِنْوَانِ. (Ṣ.) And a poet says,

* أَتَمَّتْ حَمْلَهَا فِى بَعْضِ شَهْرٍ *
* وَحَمْلُ الحَامَلَاتِ إنًى طَوِيلُ *

[She completed her gestation in a portion of a month; but the gestation of the pregnant in general is a long period of time]. (IAạr, T.) Another uses the phrase ضَحَّاكُ الأُنِىْ, occurring at the end of a verse, [for ضحّاك الأُنِىِّ,] meaning Found to be laughing whenever one comes to him. (M.)


أَنًى: see إِنْىٌ, in two places.

Root: انى - Entry: أَنًى Signification: A2

The utmost point, reach, or degree, (M, Ḳ,) of a thing; (M;) as alsoإِنًى↓: so in the phrase, بَلَغَ أَنَاهُ and إِنَاهُ It (a thing, M) attained its utmost point, reach, or degree: (M, Ḳ:) or this means, [or, accord. to the CK, “and” it means,] its state of being thoroughly cooked; its state of maturity; or its full, or final, time or state. (Ḳ.) [See 1, where an ex. from the Ḳur xxxiii. 53 is cited. Both words are said to be inf. ns.]

Root: انى - Entry: أَنًى Dissociation: B


إِنًى: see إِنِىٌ, in two places:

Root: انى - Entry: إِنًى Signification: A2


أَنَآءٌ [Postponement; a putting off; a deferring; a delaying; a retarding: restraint; a withholding; an impeding:] a subst. from آنَاهُ, aor. يُؤْنِيهِ, inf. n. إِينَآءٌ, meaning “he postponed it,”, &c.: (Ṣ, Mṣb,* TA:) the context of the Ḳ erroneously requires it to be understood as a subst. from أَنَى, aor. يَأْنى. (TA.)


إِنَآءٌ A certain thing of which one makes use, (M,) well known; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) namely, a vessel, or receptacle, (Mgh, Mṣb,) for water [&c.]: (Mgh:) pl. آنِيَةٌ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) originally أَأْنِيَةٌ; (M;) and أَوَانٍ; (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Ḳ;) the former a pl. of pauc.; and the latter a pl. of mult., (Mgh,) pl. of آنِيَةٌ. (T, Ṣ, M.)


أَنَاةٌ Moderation; gentleness; deliberateness; a leisurely manner of proceeding, or of deportment,, &c.; patience, as meaning contr. of hastiness: and gravity; staidness; sedateness; calmness: a subst. from تَأَنَّى; (Ṣ, Mṣb;) syn. تُؤَدَةٌ; (T;) and رِفْقٌ; (Ḥam p. 317;) and حِلْمٌ and وَقَارٌ; (M, Mgh, Ḳ;) as alsoأنًى↓. (M, Ḳ, TA. [In the CK, كالاَنْىِ is erroneously put for كَالأَنَى.])

Root: انى - Entry: أَنَاةٌ Signification: A2

Also Hope: [in this sense, accord. to the TA, written with kesr; but this is doubtless a mistake, probably occasioned by a mistranscription:] so in the charge of 'Orweh to his sons; يَا بَنِىَّ إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ خَلَّةً رَائِعَةً مِنْ رَجُلٍ فَلَا تَقْطَعُوا أَنَاتَكُمْ مِتْهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ عِنْدَ النَّاسِ رَجُلَ سَؤْءٍ [O my sons, when ye see a quality exciting admiration and approval, in a man, cut not ye off your hope of him, though he be in the estimation of the people a bad man]. (M.)

Root: انى - Entry: أَنَاةٌ Dissociation: B

A woman in whom is a languor on the occasion of rising, or standing up; (T, Ṣ, Ḳ;) and a gentle, or grave, deportment: (Ṣ:) or in whom is a languor impeding from rising, or standing up: (Aṣ:) and وَهْنَانَةٌ signifies the like: (T:) Sb says that it is originally وَنَاةٌ, like as أَحَدٌ is originally وَحَدٌ; from الوَنَى: (Ṣ:) the people of El-Koofeh say that it is only وَنَاةٌ: so says Lth: and he says that أَنَاةٌ signifies, as applied to a woman, blessed, prospered, or abounding in good, as it is explained also by ADk, and forbearing, gentle, grave, staid, sedate, or calm, and compliant, or agreeing with another in mind or opinion: and the pl. is أَنَواتٌ: or, as some say, it signifies a grave, staid, sedate, or calm, woman, who does not clamour, nor utter foul language. (T.)


أَنِىٌّ, as part. n. of 1, A thing of which the time has come, or drawn near: and which has come, or attained, to its time; to its full, or final, time or state; to maturity, or ripeness: but accord. to some, only applied to a plant. (M, Ḳ.) [Compare آنٍ.]

Root: انى - Entry: أَنِىٌّ Dissociation: B

Behind, or after, the time; backward, or late; delayed, or held back; (Ḳ, TA; [but wanting in a MṢ. copy of the former in my possession, and in the CK;]) as alsoآنٍ↓. (TA.)


إِنِيهْ a word expressive of disapproval, and of deeming a thing remote or improbable: Sb relates that it was said to an Arab of the desert, who had taken up his abode in a town, or place, “Wilt thou go forth when the desert shall have become plentiful in herbage?” and he said, أَأَنَا إِنِيهْ [What, I, indeed?], meaning “Do ye say this to me when I am know to do thus?” as though he disapproved of their questioning him: but there is much diversity of opinion respecting this word: (TA:) [accord. to some,] it is composed of the redundant إِنْ and the meddeh denoting disapproval [followed by the ه of silence]. (Mughnee voce إِنٌ.) [See what is said of the redundant انْ in the present work.]


أَنَّى signifies Whence? syn. مِنْ أَيْنَ; (T, Ṣ, M;) being an interrogative respecting the direction, or quarter, from which a thing is: (Mṣb:) and whence [used to denote a condition]: (TA:) and where? and where [used to denote a condition]; syn. أَيْنَ: (T, Ḳ: [in which latter the first signification is not mentioned:]) and as one of the adverbial nouns used to denote a condition, whencesoever; from whatever direction or quarter: (Ṣ:) and wherever; wheresoever: (Lth, T:) and when? and when [used to den a condition]; syn. مَتَى: (T, Ḳ: [but in the latter of these, in art. ان, in the place of مَتَى we find حَيْثُ, which I regard as a mistake:]) and how? syn. كَيْفَ: (Lth, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) and however. (Lth, TA.) [I mention all these significations together because one of them is assigned by some authorities and another by others to انّى in one and the same instance.] You say, أَنَّى يَكُونُ هٰذَا Whence, from what direction or quarter, from what way, will, or should, be this? (Mṣb.) And أَنَّى لَكَ هٰذَا Whence [came, or cometh,] to thee this? (Ṣ.) It is said in the Ḳur [iii. 32], يَا مَرْيَمُ أَنَّى لَكِ هٰذَا O Mary, whence [came] to thee this? (T.) And in the same [xxxiv. 51], وَأَنَّى لَهُمُ ٱلتَّنَاوُشُ مِنْ مَكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ, meaning [But] whence [shall the attaining of belief be possible to them from a distant place, i. e., (as explained in the Ṣ in art. نوش,) in the world to come, when they have disbelieved in the present world? or but how, &c.?]. (T.) And in the same [1xxx. 25], accord. to one reading, أَنَّى صَبَبْنَا المَآءَ صَبَّا, meaning Where have we poured forth the water, pouring? but in this is an allusion to the direction [whence the rain comes]; and it may be rendered whence?, &c.; and accord. to this reading, the pause upon طَعَامِهٌ [immediately preceding] is complete. (IAmb, T.) And you say, أَنَّى تَأْتِنِى آتِكَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) meaning Whencesoever, or from whatever direction or quarter, thou shalt come to me, I will come to thee. (Ṣ.) In the saying of 'Alkameh,

* وَمُطْعَمُ الغُنْمِ يُوْمَ الغُنْمِ مُطْعَمُهُ *
* أَنَّى تَوَجَّهَ وَالمَحْرُومُ مَحْرُومُ *

the meaning is, [And he who is given spoil to enjoy, (lit., who is fed therewith,) on the day of spoil, is given it to enjoy] wherever he repairs, or however he repairs, [and the prohibited is prohibited.] (Lth, T, TA.) The saying in the Ḳur [iii. 159], قُلْتُمٌ أَنَّى هٰذَا means Ye say, When is this? or How is this? (T,) or Whence is this? (T, Bḍ, Jel.) And أَنَّى شئْتُمْ, in the same, [ii. 223,] may mean Whence, or when, or how, ye will. (TA.) You say also, أَنَّى لَكَ أَنْ تَفْتَحَ الحِصْنَ, meaning How [is it, or will it be, possible for thee to open, or conquer, the fortress]? (Ṣ.)


آنٍ Hot, or heated, to the utmost degree: applied to hot water, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) in the Ḳur lv. 44: (Ṣ, M:) fem. آنِيَةٌ; occurring in the Ḳur lxxxviii. 5. (M.)

Root: انى - Entry: آنٍ Dissociation: B
Root: انى - Entry: آنٍ Dissociation: C

Also A man much characterized by moderation, gentleness, or deliberateness; by a leisurely manner of proceeding, or of deportment, &c.; by patience, as meaning contr. of hastiness; by gravity, staidness, sedateness, or calmness. (Ṣ, Ḳ.*)

آنِيَةً / آنِيَةٍ

أَتَيْتُهُ آنِيَةً بَعْدَ آنِيَةٍ is a phrase mentioned by AAF, meaning I came to him time after time: in which, [says ISd,] I am of opinion that آنية is of the measure فَاعِلَةٌ from الإنَى: but the word commonly known is آوِنَة [pl. of أَوَانٌ; or آيِنَة, which is syn. with آوِنَة: see أَوَانٌ]. (M.)

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