1. ⇒ أمّ
أَمَّهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) aor ـُ, (T, M, Mṣb,) inf. n. أَمٌّ, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb,) He tended, repaired, betook himself, or directed his course, to, or towards, him, or it; aimed at, sought, endeavoured after, pursued, or endeavoured to reach or attain or obtain, him, or it; intended it, or purposed it; syn. قَصَدَهُ, (Lth, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) and تَوَخَّاهُ, (T,) and تَعَمَّدَهُ, (Mgh,) and تَوَجَّهَ إِلَيْهِ; (TA;) as alsoأَمَّمَهُ↓, andتأمّمهُ↓, (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andائتمّهُ↓, (M, Ḳ,) andيَمَّمّهُ↓, (T, M, Ḳ,) andتَيَمَّمَهُ↓; (T, M, Mgh, Ḳ;) the last two being formed by substitution [of ى for أ]. (M.) Hence, يَااَللّٰهُ أُمَّنَا بِخَيْرٍ [O God, bring us good]. (JK in art. اله, and Bḍ in iii. 25.) And لَأَمَّ مَا هُوَ, occurring in a trad., meaning He has indeed betaken himself to, or pursued, the right way: or it is used in a pass. sense, as meaning he is in the way which ought to be pursued. (TA.) Andانْطَلَقْتُ أَتَأَمَّمُ↓ رَسُولَ ٱللّٰهِ, in another trad., I went away, betaking myself to the Apostle of God. (TA.) Hence, also,تَيَمَّمَ↓ الصَّعِيدَ لِلصَّلَاهِ [He betook himself to dust, or pure dust, to wipe his face and his hands and arms therewith, for prayer]: (T,* M,* Mgh, TA:) as in the Ḳur iv. 46 and v. 9: (ISk, M, TA:) whence الَّتَّيَمُّمُ as meaning the wiping the face and the hands and arms with dust; (ISk, T,* M,* Mgh, TA;) i. e. the performing the act termed تَوَضُّؤٌ with dust: formed by substitution [of ى for آ]: (M, Ḳ:) originally التَّأَمُّمُ. (Ḳ.)
أَمَّهُ, (Ṣ, M, Mgh, &c.,) aor. ـُ
أَمَّهُمْ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and أَمَّ بِهِمْ, (M, Ḳ,)) [aor. ـُ
أَمَّت0, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) [first pers. أَمُمْتُ,] aor. ـُ
أَمَمْتُهُ I was to him a mother. (A in art. ربض.) IAạr, speaking of a woman, said, كَانَتْ لَهَا عَمَّةٌ تَؤُمُّهَا, meaning [She had, lit. there was to her, a paternal aunt] who was to her like the mother. (M.)
2. ⇒ أمّم
أَمَّمَهُ and يَمَّمَهُ: see 1, first sentence, in two places.
3. ⇒ آمّ
آمّهُ It agreed with it, neither exceeding nor falling short. (M.)
[See also the part. n. مُؤَامٌّ, voce أَمَمٌ; whence it seems that there are other senses in which آمَّ may be used, intransitively.]
5. ⇒ تأمّم
تَأَمَّمَ and تَيَمَّمَsee 1, former part, in four places.
تأمّم بِهِ: see 8.
تَأَمَّمْتُ I took for myself, or adopted, a mother. (Ṣ.) And تَأَمَّمَهَا He took her for himself, or adopted her, as a mother; (Ṣ,* M, Ḳ;) as alsoاستآمّها↓, (M, Ḳ,) and تَأَمَّهَهَا. (M.)
8. ⇒ ائتمّ
ائتمّهُ [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَمَّهُ]: see 1, first sentence.
ائتمّ بِهِ He followed his example; he imitated him; he did as he did, following his example; or taking him as an example, an exemplar, a pattern, or an object of imitation; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) as alsoأَمَّهُ↓: (Bḍ in xvi. 121:) the object of the verb is termed إِمَامٌ; (Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) applied to a learned man, (Mṣb,) or a head, chief, or leader, or some other person. (M, Ḳ.) He made it an أُمَّة or إِمَّة [i. e. a way, course, or rule, of life or conduct; as explained immediately before in the work whence this is taken]; as alsoتأمّم↓ به. (M.) You say, ائتمّ بِالشَّيْءِ and ائْتَمَى به, by substitution [of ى for م], (M, Ḳ,) disapproving of the doubling [of the م]. (M.)
10. ⇒ استأمّ
أَمْ is a conjunction, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) connected with what precedes it (Mṣb, Mughnee) so that neither what precedes it nor what follows it is independent, the one of the other. (Mughnee.) It denotes interrogation; (M, Ḳ;) or is used in a case of interrogation, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) corresponding to the interrogative أَ, and meaning أَىّ, (Ṣ,) or, as Z says, أَىُّ الأَمْرَيْنِ كَائِنٌ; [for an explanation of which, see what follows;] (Mughnee;) or, [in other words,] corresponding to the interrogative أَ, whereby, and by أَمْ, one seeks, or desires, particularization: (Mughnee:) it is as though it were an interrogative after an interrogative. (Lth, T.) Thus you say, أَزَيُدٌ فِى الدَّارِ أَمْ عَمْرٌو [Is Zeyd in the house, or ʼAmr?]; (Ṣ, Mughnee;) i. e. which of them two (أَيُّهُمَا) is in the house? (Ṣ;) therefore what follows ام and what precedes it compose one sentence; and it is not used in commanding nor in forbidding; and what follows it must correspond to what precedes it in the quality of noun and of verb; so that you say, أَزَيْدٌ قَائِمٌ أَمع قَاعِدٌ [Is Zeyd standing, or sitting?] and أَقَامَ زَيْدٌ أَمْ قَعَدَ [Did Zeyd stand, or sit?]. (Mṣb.) It is not to be coupled with أَ after it: you may not say, أَعِنْدَكَ زَيْدٌ أَمْ أَعِنْدَكَ عَمْرٌو. (Ṣ.)
As connected in like manner with what goes before, it is preceded by أَ denoting equality [by occurring after سَوَآءٌ, &c.], and corresponds thereto, as in [the Ḳur lxiii. 6,] سَوَآءُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمٌ لَمٌ تَسْتَغُفِرْ لَهُمٌ [It will be equal to them whether thou beg forgiveness for them or do not beg forgiveness for them]. (Mughnee.)
It is also unconnected with what precedes it, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Mughnee,) implying always digression, (Mughnee,) preceded by an enunciative, or an interrogative, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Mughnee,) other than أَ, (Mughnee,) or by أَ not meant [really] as an interrogative but to denote disapproval, (Mughnee,) and signifies بَلْ, (Lth, Zj, T, Ṣ, M, Mughnee, Ḳ,) or بَلْ and أَ together, (Mṣb,) and this is its meaning always accord. to all the Basrees, but the Koofees deny this. (Mughnee.) Thus, using it after an enunciative, you say, إِنَّهَا لَإِبِلٌ أَمْ شَآءٌ [Verily they are camels: nay, or nay but, they are sheep, or goats: or nay, are they sheep, or goats?]: (Ṣ Mṣb, Mughnee:) this being said when one looks at a bodily form, and imagines it to be a number of camels, and says what first occurs to him; then the opinion that it is a number of sheep or goats suggests itself to him, and he turns from the first idea, and says, أَمْ شَآءٌ, meaning بَلْ, because it is a digression from what precedes it; though what follows بل is [properly] a thing known certainly, and what follows ام is opined. (Ṣ, TA.) And using it after an interrogative in this case, you say, هَلْ زيْدٌ مُنْطَلِقٌ أَمْ عَمْرٌو [Is Zeyd going away? Nay rather, or, or rather, is ʼAmr?]: you digress from the question respecting Zeyd's going away, and make the question to relate to ʼAmr; so that ام implies indecisive opinion, and interrogation, and digression. (Ṣ.) And thus using it, you say, هَلْ زَيْدٌ قَامَ أَمْ عَمْرٌو [Did Zeyd stand? Nay rather, or or rather, did ʼAmr?]. (Mṣb.) And an ex. of the same is the saying [in the Ḳur xiii. 17], هَلْ يَسْتَوِى الْأَعْمَى وَالْبَصِيرُ أَمْ هَلْ تَسْتَوِى الظُّلُمَاتُ وَالنُّورُ [Are the blind and the seeing equal? Or rather are darkness and light equal?]. (Mughnee.) And an ex. of it preceded by أَ used to denote disapproval is the saying [in the Ḳur vii. 194], أَلَهُمْ أَرْجُلٌ يَمْشُونَ بِهَا أَمْ لَهُمْ أَيْدٍ يَبْطِشُونَ بِهَا [Have they feet, to walk therewith? Or have they hands to assault therewith?]: for أَ is here equivalent to a negation. (Mughnee.) [It has been shown above that] أَمْ is sometimes introduced immediately before هَلْ: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) but IB says that this is when هل occurs in a phrase next before it; [as in the ex. from the Ḳur xiii. 17, cited above;] and in this case, the interrogative meaning of ام is annulled; it being introduced only to denote a digression. (TA.)
It is also used as a simple interrogative; accord. to the assertion of AO; in the sense of هَلْ; (Mughnee;) or in the sense of the interrogative أَ; (Lth, T, Ḳ) as in the saying, أَمْ عِنْدَكَ غَدَآءِ حَاضِرٌ, meaning Hast thou a morning-meal ready? a good form of speech used by the Arabs; (Lth, T;) and allowable when preceded by another phrase. (T.)
And sometimes it is redundant; (AZ, T, Ṣ, Mughnee, Ḳ) in the dial. of the people of El-Yemen; (T;) as in the saying,
* يَا دَهْنَ أَمْ مَا كَانَ مَشْيِى رقَصَا ** بَلْ قَدْ تَكُونُ مِشْيَتِى تَوَقُّصَا *
(T, Ṣ,* [in the latter, يا هِنْدُ, and only the former hemistich is given,]) meaning O Dahnà, (the curtailed form دَهْنَ being used for دَهْنَآء,) my walking was not, as now in my age, [a feeble movement like] dancing: but in my youth, my manner of walking used to be a bounding: (T:) this is accord. to the opinion of AZ: but accord. to another opinion, ام is here [virtually] conjoined with a preceding clause which is suppressed; as though the speaker had said, يَا دَهْنَ أَكَانَ مَشْيِى رَقَصَّا أَمْ مَا كَانَ كَذلِكَ. (AḤát, TA.)
It is also used (T, Mughnee) in the dial. of the people of El-Yemen, (T,) or of Teiyi and Himyer, (Mughnee,) in the sense of ال, (T,) to render a noun determinate. (Mughnee.) So in the trad., لَيْسَ مِنَ امْبِرّ امْصِيامُ فِى امْسَفَرِ, (T, Mughnee,) i. e. الَيْسَ مِنَ البِرِّ الصِّيَامُ فِى السَّفَرِ [Fasting in journeying is not an act of obedience to God]. (T, and M in art. بر.) So too in the trad., اَلْآنَ طَابَ امْضَرْبُ Now fighting has become lawful; as related accord. to the dial. of Himyer, for الضَّرْبُ. (TA in art. طيب.) It has been said that this form ام is only used in those cases in which the ل of the article does not become incorporated into the first letter of the noun to which it is prefixed; as in the phrase, خُذِ الرُّمْحَ وَارْكَبِ امْفَرَسَ [Take thou the spear, and mount the mare, or horse], related as heard in El-Yemen; but this usage may be peculiar to some of the people of that country; not common to all of them; as appears from what we have cited above. (Mughnee.)
أَمَ for أَمَا, before an oath: see art. اما.
أُمٌّ A mother (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.) [of a human being and] of any animal; (IAạr, T;) as also↓إِمٌّ, (Sb, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and↓إُمَّةٌ, (T, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andأُمَّهَةٌ↓, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which last is the original form (Ṣ, Mṣb) accord. to some, (Mṣb,) or the ه in this is augmentative (M, Mṣb) accord. to others: (Mṣb:) the pl. is أُمَّهَاتٌ (Lth, T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أُمَّاتٌ; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) or the former is applied to human beings, and the latter to beasts; (T, Ṣ;) or the former to rational beings, and the latter to irrational; (M, Ḳ;) or the former is much applied to human beings, and the latter to others, for the sake of distinction; (Mṣb;) but the reverse is sometimes the case: (IB:) IDrst and others hold the latter to be of weak authority: (TA:) the dim. of أُمٌّ is أُمَيْمَةٌ↓ (T, Ṣ, Ḳ) accord. to some of the Arabs; but correctly, [accord. to those who hold the original form of أُمٌّ to be أُمَّهَةٌ,] it is أُمَيْمِهَةٌ↓. (Lth, T, TA. [In a copy of the T, I find this latter form of the dim. written اميهة.])
أُمَّ لَكَ denotes dispraise; (Ṣ;) being used by the Arabs as meaning Thou hast no free, or ingenuous, mother; because the sons of female slaves are objects of dispraise with the Arabs; and is only said in anger and reviling: (AHeyth, T:) or, as some say, it means thou art one who has been picked up as a foundling, having no Known mother: (TA:) [or] it is also sometimes used in praise; (AʼObeyd, T, Ṣ, Ḳ;) and is used as an imprecation without the desire of its being fulfilled upon the person addressed, being said in vehemence of love; [lit. meaning mayest thou have no mother!], like ثَكِلَتْكَ أُمُّكَ, and لَا أَبَا لَكَ, [and قَاتَلَكَ ٱللّٰهُ,], &c. (Ḥar p. 165.)
Some elide the ا of أُمّ; as in the saying of 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd.
* أَيُّهَا العَائِبُ عِنْدِمَّ زَيْدٍ *
[O thou who art blaming in my presence the mother of Zeyd]; meaning, عِنْدِى أُمَّ زَيْدٍ; the ى of عندى being also elided on account of the occurrence of two quiescent letters [after the elision of the ا of أُمّ]: (Lth, T, Ṣ:) and as in the phrase وَيْلُمِّهِ, (Ṣ,) which means وَيْلٌ لِأُمِّهِ. (Ṣ, and Ḳ in art. ويل, q. v.)
هُمَا أُمَّاكّ means They two are thy two parents: or thy mother and thy maternal aunt. (Ḳ.) [But] فَدَّاهُ بِأُمَّيْهِ is said to mean [He expressed a wish that he (another) might be ransomed with] his mother and his grandmother. (TA.)
One says also,يَا أُمَّتِ↓ لَا تَفْعَلِى [O my mother, do not thou such a thing], and [in like manner] يَا أَبَتِ افْعَلْ; making the sign of the fem. gender a substitute for the [pronominal] affix ى; and in a case of pause, you say يَا أُمَّهْ. (Ṣ.)
And one says, مَا أُمِّى وَأُمُّهُ, and مَا شَكْلِى وَشَكْلُهُ, meaning [What relationship have I to him, or it? or what concern have I with him, or it? or] what is my case and [what is] his or its, case? because of his, or its, remoteness from me: whence, (T,)
* وَمَا أُمِّى وَأُمُّ الوَحْشِ لَمَّا ** تَفَرَّعَ فِى مَفَارِقِىَ الْمَشِيبُ *
[And what concern have I with the wild animals when hoariness hath spread in the places where my hair parts?]; (T, Ṣ;) i. e. مَا أَنَاوَطَلَبُ الوَحْشِ بَعْدَ مَا كَبِرْتُ [i. e. مَا أمْرِى وَطَلَبُ الوَحْشِ: in one copy of the Ṣ, وَطَلَبَ, i. e. with وَ as a prep. denoting concomitance, and therefore governing the accus. case: both readings virtually meaning what concern have I with the pursuing of the wild animals after I have grown old?]: he means, the girls: and the mention of أُمّ in the verse is superfluous. (Ṣ.)
أُمٌّ also relates to inanimate things that have growth; as in أُمُّ الشَّجَرَةِ [The mother of the tree]; and أُمُّ النَّخْلَةِ [the mother of the palm-tree]; and أُمُّ المَوْزِةَ [the mother of the banana-tree; of which see an ex. in art. موز]; and the like. (M, TA.)
And it signifies also The source, origin, foundation, or basis, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of a thing, (Ṣ, Mṣb, [in the former of which, this is the first of the meanings assigned to the word,]) or of anything; (M, Ḳ) its stay, support, or efficient cause of subsistence. (M, Ḳ.)
Anything to which other things are collected together, or adjoined: (IDrd, M, Ḳ:) anything to which the other things that are next thereto are collected together, or adjoined: (Lth, T:) the main, or chief, part of a thing; the main body thereof: and that which is a compriser, or comprehender, of [other] things: (Ḥam p. 44:) the place of collection, comprisal, or comprehension, of a thing; the place of combination thereof. (En-Naḍr, T.)
And hence, (IDrd, M,) The head, or chief, of a people, or company of men; (IDrd, Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) because others collect themselves together to him: (IDrd, TA:) so in the phrase أُمُّ عِيَالٍ [lit. the mother of a household], in a poem of Esh-Shenfarà: (IDrd, M:) or in this instance, it has the signification next following, accord. to Esh-Sháfiʼee. (T.)
A man who has the charge of the food and service of a people, or company of men; accord. to EshSháfi'ee: (T:) or their servant. (Ḳ.)
A man's aged wife. (IAạr, T, Ḳ.)
A place of habitation or abode. (Ḳ.) So in the Ḳur [ci. 6], فَأُمُّهُ هَاوِيَةٌ His place of habitation or abode [shall be] the fire [of Hell]: (Bḍ, Jel, TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is أُمُّ رَأْسِهِ هَاوِيَةٌ فِيهَا [his brain shall fall into it, namely, the fire of Hell]. (TA.)
The ensign, or standard, which an army follows. (Ṣ.) [See أُمُّ الرُّمْحِ, below.]
It is said in a trad., respecting the prophets, أُمَّهَا تُهُمْ شَتَّى, meaning that, though their religion is one, their laws, or ordinances, or statutes, are various, or different: or the meaning is, their times are various, or different. (TA in art. شت.)
See also أُمَّةٌ, in two places.
أُمّ is also prefixed to nouns significant of many things. (M.) [Most of the compounds thus formed will be found explained in the arts. to which belong the nouns that occupy the second place. The following are among the more common, and are therefore here mentioned, with the meanings assigned to them in lexicons in the present art., and arranged in distinct classes.]
أُمُّ الرَّجُلِ The man's wife; and the person who manages the affairs of his house or tent. (TA.) And أُمُّ مَثْوَى الرَّجُلِ The man's wife, to whom he betakes himself for lodging, or abode: (T:) the mistress of the man's place of abode. (Ṣ, M.)
أُمُّ عَامِرٍ The hyena, or female hyena; as also أُمُّ عَمْرٍو; (TA;) and أُمُّ الطَّرِيقِ. (Ṣ, TA. [See also other significations of the first and last below.]) أُمُّ حِلْسٍ [or أُمُّ الحِلْسِ (as in the Ṣ and Ḳ in art. حلَس)] The she-ass. (TA.) أُمُّ البَيْضِ The female ostrich. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
أُمُّ الرَّأُسِ The brain: (T, M, Ḳ:) or the thin skin that is upon it: (IDrd, M, Ḳ:) or the bag in which is the brain: (T:) or the skin that comprises the brain; [the meninx, or dura mater and pia mater;] (Ṣ, Mgh;) which is called أُمُّ الدِّمَاغِ (Ṣ, Mṣb) likewise. (Ṣ.)
أُمُّ النُّجُومِ The Milky way; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) because it is the place where the stars are collected together [in great multitude]: (M:) or, as some say, the sun; which is the greatest of the stars. (Ḥam pp. 43 and 44.) Because of the multitude of the stars in the Milky way, one says, مَا أَشْبَهَ مَجْلِسَكَ بِأُمِّ النُّجُومِ † [How like is thine assembly to the Milky way!]. (TA.)
أُمُّ القُرَى [The mother of the towns; the metropolis: particularly] Mekkeh; (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) because asserted to be in the middle of the earth; (M, Ḳ;) or because it is the Kibleh of all men, and thither they repair; (M, Ḳ;*) or because it is the greatest of towns in dignity: (M, Ḳ:) and every city is the أُمّ of the towns around it. (T.) أُمُّ التَّنَائِفِ The most difficult of deserts or of waterless deserts: (T:) or a desert, or waterless desert, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) far extending. (Ṣ.) أُمُّ الطَّرِيقِ (T, Ṣ, M) andأُمَّةٌ↓ الطَّرِيقِ (M, Ḳ) The main part [or track] of the road: (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) when it is a great road or track, with small roads or tracks around it [or on either side], the greatest is so called. (T. [The former has also another signification, mentioned above.]) أُمُّ عَامِرٍ The cemetery, or place of graves. (T. [This, also, has another signification, mentioned before.]) أُمُّ الرُّمْحِ The ensign, or standard; (M, Ḳ;) also called أُمُّ الحَرْبِ; (TA;) [and simply الأُمُّ, as shown above;] and the piece of cloth which is wound upon the spear. (T, M.*) أُمُّ جَابِرٍ Bread: and also the ear of corn. (T.) أُمُّ الخَبَائِثِ [The mother of evil qualities or dispositions; i. e.] wine. (T.) أُمُّ الكِتَابِ [in the Ḳur iii. 5 and xiii. 39] (Ṣ, M, &c.) The original of the book or scripture [i. e. of the Ḳur-án]: (Zj, M, Ḳ:) or the Preserved Tablet, اللَّوْحُ المَحْفُوظُ: (M, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or it signifies, (M, Ḳ,) or signifies also, (Mṣb,) the opening chapter of the Ḳur-án; the فَاتِحَة; (M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) because every prayer begins therewith; (M;) as also أُمُّ القُرْآنِ: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) or the former, the whole of the Ḳur-án, (I’Ab, Ḳ,) from its beginning to its end: (TA:) and the latter, every plain, or explicit, verse of the Ḳur-án, of those which relate to laws and statutes and obligatory ordinances. (T, Ḳ.) أُمُّ الشَّرِّ Every evil upon the face of the earth: and أُمُّ الخَيْرِ every good upon the face of the earth. (T.)
إِمٌّ: see أُمٌّ, first sentence.
أَمَّةٌ: see آمَّةٌ.
أُمَّةٌ A way, course, mode, or manner, of acting, or conduct, or the like; (AZ, Ṣ;) as alsoإِمَّةٌ↓: (AZ, Ṣ, Ḳ:) Fr assigns this meaning to the latter, and that next following to the former: (T:) a way, course, or rule, of life, or conduct; (Fr, T, M, Ḳ;) as alsoإِمَّةٌ↓. (M, Ḳ.)
Religion; as alsoإِمَّةٌ↓: (AZ, Ṣ, M, Ḳ: [one of the words by which this meaning is expressed in the M and Ḳ is شِرْعَة; for which Golius found in the Ḳ سرعة:]) one course, which people follow, in religion. (T.) You say, فُلَانٌ لَا أُمَّةَ لَهُ Such a one has no religion; no religious persuasion. (Ṣ.) And a poet says,
* وَهَلْ يَسْتَوِى ذُو أُمَّةٍ وَكَفُورُ *
[And are one who has religion and one who is an infidel equal?]. (Ṣ.)
Obedience [app. to God]. (T, M, Ḳ.)
The people of a [particular] religion: (Akh, Ṣ:) a people to whom an apostle is sent, (M, Ḳ,) unbelievers and believers; such being called his أُمَّة: (M:) any people called after a prophet are said to be his أُمَّة: (Lth, T:) the followers of the prophet: pl. أُمَمٌ. (T, Mṣb.) It is said in the Ḳur [ii. 209], كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةٍ واحِدَةً, meaning Mankind was [a people] of one religion. (Zj, T, TA.)
A nation; a people; a race; a tribe, distinct body, or family; (Lth, T, M, Ḳ;) of mankind; (Lth, T;) or of any living beings; as alsoأُمٌّ↓: (M, Ḳ:) a collective body [of men or other living beings]; (T, Ṣ;) a sing. word with a pl. meaning: (Akh, Ṣ:) a kind, genus, or generical class, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) by itself, (T,) of any animals, or living beings, (T, Ṣ, M, TA,) others than the sons of Adam, (T,) as of dogs, (T, Ṣ, M,) and of other beasts, and of birds; (T, M,* TA;) as alsoأُمٌّ↓; (M, Ḳ;) pl. of the former أُمَمٌ; (Ṣ, M;) which occurs in a trad. as relating to dogs; (Ṣ;) and in the Ḳur vi. 38, as relating to beasts and birds. (T, M,* TA.)
A man's people, community, tribe, kinsfolk, or party; (M, Ḳ, TA;) his company. (TA.)
A generation of men; or people of one time: pl. أُمَمٌ: as in the saying, قَدْ مَضَتْ أُمَمٌ Generations of men have passed away. (T.)
The creatures of God. (M, Ḳ.) You say, مَا رَأَيْتُ مِنْ أُمَّةِ ٱللّٰهِ أَحْسَنَ مِنْهُ [I have not seen, of the creatures of God, one more beautiful than he]. (M.)
I. q. إِمَامٌ; (T, M, Ḳ;) accord. to AʼObeyd, applied in this sense to Abraham, in the Ḳur xvi. 121. (T.)
A righteous man who is an object of imitation. (T.)
One who follows the true religion, holding, or doing, what is different from, or contrary to, all other religions: (M, Ḳ:) [said to be] thus applied to Abraham, ubi suprà. (M.)
One who is known for goodness: (Fr, T:) and so explained by Ibn-Mesʼood as applied to Abraham: (TA:) or, so applied, it has the signification next following: (TA:) a man combining all kinds of good qualities: (T, M, Ḳ:) or, as some say, repaired to: or imitated. (Bḍ:)
A learned man: (T, M, Ḳ:) one who has no equal: (T:) the learned man of his age, or time, who is singular in his learning: (Mṣb:) and one who is alone in respect of religion. (T.)
See also إُمٌّ, first sentence. Hence, يَاأُمَّتِ which see in the same paragraph.
The stature of a man; tallness, and beauty of stature; or justness of stature; syn. قَامَةٌ; (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and شَطَاطً: (M, TA: [in the Ḳ, the signification of نَشَاطٌ is assigned to it; but this is evidently a mistake for شَطَاطٍ; for the next three significations before the former of these words in the Ḳ are the same as the next three before the latter of them in the M; and the next five after the former word in the Ḳ are the same as the next five after the latter in the M, with only this difference, that one of these five is the first of them in the M and the third of them in the Ḳ:]) pl. أُمَمٌ. (T, Ṣ, M.*) You say, إِنَّهُ لَحَسَنُ الأُمَّةِ, i. e. الشَّطَاطِ [Verily he is beautiful in justness of stature]. (M.) And El-Aạshà says,
* حِسَانُ الوُجُوهِ طِوَالُ الأُمَمْ *
[Beautiful in respect of the faces,] tall in respect of the statures. (T, Ṣ, M.* [In the last, بيضُ الوُجُوهِ.])
The face. (T, M, Ḳ.)
أُمَّةُ الآوَجْهِ The form of the face: (AZ, T:) or the principal part thereof; (M, Ḳ;) the part thereof in which beauty is usually known to lie. (M) You say, إِنَّهُ لَحَسَنُ أُمَّةِ الآوَجْهِ Verily he is beautiful in the form of the face: and إِنَّهُ لآَقَبِيحُ أُمَّةِ الآوَجْهِ verily he is ugly in the form of the face. (AZ, T.)
أُمَّةُ الطَّرِيقِ: see أُمٌّ.
A time; a period of time; a while. (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ.) So in the Ḳur [xii. 45], وَادَّكَرَ بَعْدَ أُمَّةٍ [And he remembered, or became reminded, after a time]: (Ṣ, M:) or, after a long period of time: but some readإِمَّةٍ↓, i. e., after favour had been shown him, in his escape: and some read أَمَةٍ, i. e., forgetting. (Bḍ.) And so in the same [xi. 11], وَلَئِنْ أخَّرْنَا عَنْهُمُ العَذَابَ إِلآَى أُمَّةٍ مَعْدُودَة [And verily, if we kept back from them the punishment] until a short period of time. (Ṣ,* Bḍ.)
إِمَّةٌ: see أُمَّةٌ, in three places; first and second sentences.
I. q. إِمَامَةٌ↓ (Ḳ) [i. e. The office of إِمَام, q. v.: or] the acting as, or performing the office of, إِمَام: (T in explanation of إِمَّةٌ, and M and Mṣb in explanation of إِمَامَةٌ:) and the mode, or manner, of performing that office. (T.)
I. q. هَيْئَةٌ (Lḥ, M, Ḳ) and شَأْنٌ (M, Ḳ) and حَالٌ (M) and حَالَةٌ (M, Ḳ) [all as meaning State, condition, or case: or by the first may be here meant external state or condition; form, or appearance; or state with respect to apparel and the like].
An easy and ample state of life; (T;) easiness, or pleasantness of life; ampleness of the conveniences of life, or of the means of subsistence; ease and enjoyment; plenty; prosperity; welfare. (IAạr, M, Ḳ.*) You say of an old man when he has strength remaining, فُلَانٌ بِإِمَّةٍ, meaning Such a one is returning to a state of well-being and ease and enjoyment. (TA.)
Dominion; mastership; authority. (Fr, T, IḲṭṭ.)
A blessing, or what God bestows upon one; a benefit, benefaction, favour, or boon; a cause of happiness; (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as being that which men aim at, pursue, or endeavour to obtain, (T.) See أُمَّةٌ, last sentence but one.
Accord. to IḲṭṭ, it signifies also i. q. أَمَمٌ [but in what sense is not said]. (TA.)
أَمَمٌ Nearness. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
[Near; nigh.] You say, أَخَذْتُ ذلِكَ مِنْ أَمَمٍ I took that from near; from nigh. (Ṣ, TA.) And دَارُكُمْ أَمَمٌ Your house is near, or nigh. (M, TA.) And هُوَ أَمَمٌ مِنْكَ He, or it, is near to thee: and in like manner you say of two: (M, TA:) and of a pl. number. (Ṣ, M, TA.) And دَارِى أَمَمَ دَارِهِ My house is opposite to, facing, or in front of, his house. (Ṣ.)
Easy: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) near at hand; near to be reached, or laid hold of. (T, TA.)
Between near and distant. (ISk, T, Ṣ.)
Conforming, or conformable, to the just mean: (M, Ḳ:*) andمُؤَامٌّ↓, (AA, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) [in form] like مُضَارٌّ, (Ṣ,) originally مُؤَامِمٌ, (TA,) the same; (T;) of a middle, or middling, kind or sort; neither exceeding, nor falling short of, what is right; (AA, T, Ṣ, M;) applied to an affair, or a case, (T, Ṣ,) and a thing [of any kind]; (Ṣ;) as alsoمُؤَمٌّ↓; (TA;) and convenient, or suitable: (M, Ḳ:) and أَمَمٌ andمُؤَامٌّ↓ both signify an affair, or a case, that is manifest, clear, or plain, (M, Ḳ,) not exceeding the due bounds or limits. (M.)
الأَمَامُ The location that is before; (M, Mṣb,* Ḳ;) contr. of الوَرَآءُ. (M, Ḳ.) It is used [absolutely] as a noun, and adverbially, (M, Mṣb,* Ḳ,) necessarily prefixed to another noun: (Mgh:) and is fem., (Ks, M,) and sometimes masc.: (M, Ḳ:) or it is masc., and sometimes fem. as meaning the جِهَة: or, as Zj says, they differ as to making it masc. and making it fem. (Mṣb.) You say, كُنْتُ أَمَامَهُ I was before him, in respect of place. (Ṣ.) In the saying of Moḥammad, to Usámeh, الصلَاةُ أَمَامَكَ, the meaning is The time of prayer [is before thee], or the place thereof; and by the prayer is meant the prayer of sunset. (Mgh.) You also say, أَمَامَكَ [i. c. Look before thee; meaning beware thou; or take thou note;] when you caution another, (M, Ḳ,) or notify him, of a thing. (M.)
إِمَامٌ / إِمَامَةٌ
إِمَامٌ A person, (Ṣ, Mgh,) or learned man, (Mṣb,) whose example is followed, or who is imitated; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb;) any exemplar, or object of imitation, (T, M, Ḳ,) to a people, or company of men, (T,) such as a head, chief, or leader, or some other person, (M, Ḳ,) whether they be following the right way or be erring therefrom: (T:) applied alike to a male and to a female: (Mgh, Mṣb:) applied to a female, it occurs in a phrase in which it is written by some with ة: (Mgh:) but this is said to be a mistake: (Mṣb:) it is correctly without ة, because it is a subst., not an epithet: (Mgh, Mṣb:) or it is allowable with ة, because it implies the meaning of an epithet: (Mṣb:) andأُمَّةٌ↓ signifies the same: (T, M, Ḳ:) the pl. of the former is أَيِمَّةْ, (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ, [but omitted in the CK,]) originally أَأْمِمَةٌ, (T, Ṣ,) of the measure أَفعِلَةٌ, like أَمْثِلَةٌ, pl. of مِثَالٌ, (T,) but as two meems come together, the former is incorporated into the latter, and its vowel is transferred to the hemzeh before it, which hemzeh, being thus pronounced with kesr, is changed into ى; (T, Ṣ;*) or it is thus changed because difficult to pronounce; (M;) or, as Akh says, because it is with kesr and is preceded by another hemzeh with fet-ḥ: (Ṣ:) but some pronounce it أَئِمَّةٌ, (Akh, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) namely, those who hold that two hemzehs may occur together; (Akh, Ṣ;) the Koofees reading it thus in the Ḳur ix. 12; (M;) but this is anomalous: (M, Ḳ:) it is mentioned as on the authority of Aboo-Is-ḥáḳ, and [Az says,] I do not say that it is not allowable, but the former is the preferable: (T:) or the pl. is أَئِمَّةٌ, originally أَأْمِمَةٌ like أَمْثِلَةٌ: one of the two meems being incorporated into the other after the transfer of its vowel to the hemzeh [next before it]; some of the readers of the Ḳur pronouncing the [said] hemzeh with its true sound; some softening it, agreeably with analogy, in the manner termed بَيْنَ بَيْنَ; and some of the grammarians changing it into ى; but some of them reckon this incorrect, saying that there is no analogical reason for it: (Mṣb:) and accord. to some, (M,) its pl. is also إِمَامُ, (M, Ḳ,) like the sing., (Ḳ,) occurring in the Ḳur xxv. 74; (M;) not of the same category as عَدْلٌ (M, Ḳ) and رِضَّى, (M,) because they sometimes said إِمَامَانِ, but a broken pl.: (M, Ḳ:*) or, accord. to AʼObeyd, it is in this instance a sing. denoting a pl.: (M, Ṣ:*) or it is pl. of آمٌّ, [which is originally آمِمْ,] like as صِحَابٌ is pl. of صَاحِبٌ: (M:) the dim. of أَيِمَّةٌ is أُوَيْمَّةْ↓; or, as El-Mázinee says, أُيَيْمَّةٌ↓. (Ṣ.)
الإمَامُ also signifies The Prophet: (Ḳ:) he is called إِمَامُ [the exemplar, object of imitation, leader, or head, of his nation, or people]; (T;) or إِمَامُ الأمَّةِ [the exemplar,, &c., of the nation, or people]; (M;) it being incumbent on all to imitate his rule of life or conduct. (T.)
The Khaleefeh: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) he is called إمَامُ الرَّعِيَّةِ [the exemplar,, &c., of the people, or subjects]. (M.) The title of الإمَامُ is still applied to the Kings of El-Yemen: Aboo-Bekr says, you say, فُلَانٌ إِمَامُ القَوْمِ, meaning such a one is the first in authority over the people, or company of men: and إِمَامُ المَسْلِمِينَ means the head, chief, or leader, of the Muslims. (TA.)
The person whose example is followed, or who is imitated, [i. e. the leader,] in prayer. (Mṣb.)
[The leading authority, or head, of a persuasion, or sect. The four أيِمَّة or أَئِمَّة are the heads of the four principal persuasions, or sects, of the Sunnees; namely, the Hanafees, Sháfi'ees, Málikees, and Hambelees. And the Hanafees call the two chief doctors of their persuasion, after Aboo-Ḥaneefeh, namely, Aboo-Yoosuf and Moḥammad, الإِمَامَانِ The two Imáms.]
The leader of an army. (M, Ḳ.)
The guide: (Ḳ:) he is called إِمَامُ الإِبِلِ [the leader of the travellers]. (M.)
The conductor, or driver, of camels (M, Ḳ) is called إِمَامُ الإِبِلِ, though he be behind them, because he guides them. (M.)
The manager, or conductor, and right disposer, orderer, or rectifier, of anything. (M, Ḳ.*)
The Ḳur-án (M, Ḳ) is called إِمَامُ المُسْلِمينَ [the guide of the Muslims]; (M;) because it is an exemplar. (TA.) [The model-copy, or standard-copy, of the Ḳur-án, namely the copy of the Khaleefeh ʼOthmán, is particularly called الإِمَامُ.]
[The scripture of any people: and, without the article, a book, or written record.] It is said in the Ḳur [xvii. 73], يَوْمَ نَدْعُو كُلَّ أُنَاسٍ بِإمَامِهِمْ The day when we shall call every one of mankind with their scripture: or, as some say, with their prophet and their law: or, as some say, with their book in which their deeds are recorded. (T.) It is also said in the Ḳur [xxxvi. 11], كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِى إِمَامٍ مُبِينٍ, meaning, says El-Ḥasan, [And everything have we recorded] in a perspicuous book, or writing; (Ṣ, Jel;) i. e., on the Preserved Tablet. (Bḍ, Jel.)
The lesson of a boy, that is learned each day (T, M, Ḳ) in the school: (T:) also called السَّبَقُ. (TA.)
The model, or pattern, of a semblance, or shape. (M, Ḳ.)
The builder's wooden instrument [or rule] whereby he makes the building even. (Ṣ, Ḳ.*)
The cord which the builder extends to make even, thereby, the row of stones or bricks of the building; also called التُّرُّ and المِطْهَرُ; (T;) the string which is extended upon, or against, a building, and according to which one builds. (M, Ḳ.*)
إِمَامٌ signifies also A road, or way: (Ṣ, [but omitted in some copies,] M, Ḳ:) or a manifest road, or way. (TA.) It is said in the Ḳur [xv. 79], وَإِنَّهُمَا لَبِإمَامٍ مُبِينٍ (Ṣ, M) And they were both, indeed, in a way pursued and manifest: (M:) or in a way which they travelled in their journeys. (Fr.)
The direction (تَلْقَآء) of the Kibleh. (M, Ḳ.*)
A tract, quarter, or region, of land, or of the earth. (Ṣ.)
A string [of a bow or lute, &c.]; syn. وَتَرٌ. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
أَمِيمٌ Beautiful in stature; (Ḳ;) applied to a man. (TA.)
I. q. مَأْمُومٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e. one who raves, or is delirious, (يَهْذِى, [in two copies of the Ṣ يَهْدِى, but the former appears, from a remark made voce آمَّةٌ, to be the right reading,]) from [a wound in] what is termed أُمُّ رَأْسِهِ [see أُمٌّ]: (Ṣ:) or wounded in what is so termed; (M, Ḳ;) having a wound such as is termed آمَّة, q. v. (Mṣb.) It is also used, metaphorically, in relation to other parts than that named above; as in the saying,
* وَحَشَاىَ مِنْ حَرِّ الفِرَاقِ أَمِيمُ *
‡ [And my bowels are wounded by reason of the burning pain of separation]. (M.)
A stone with which the head is broken: (Ṣ, O:) but in the M and Ḳ أمَيْمَةٌ↓, [in a copy of the M, however, I find it without any syll. signs, so that it would seem to be أَمِيمَةٌ↓,] explained as signifying stones with which heads are broken: (TA:) pl. أَمَائِمُ. (Ṣ, TA.)
أُمَامَةٌ Three hundred camels: (M, Ḳ:) so explained by Abu-l-ʼAlà. (M.)
إِمَمَةٌ: see إِمَّةٌ.
أَمِيمَةٌ: see أَمِيمٌ
Also, (Ṣgh,) orأُمَيْمَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) A blacksmith's hammer. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)
أُمَيْمَةٌ dim. of أُمٌّ, q. v. (T, Ṣ, Ḳ.)
الإِمَامِيَّةُ One of the exorbitant sects of the Shee'ah, (TA,) who asserted that ʼAlee was expressly appointed by Moḥammad to be his successor. (Esh-Shahrastánee p. 122, and KT.)
أُمِّىٌّ (T, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andأُمَّانٌ↓ (Ḳ) [the former a rel. n. from أُمَّةٌ, and thus properly meaning Gentile: whence, in a secondary, or tropical, sense,† a heathen;] † one not having a revealed scripture; (Bḍ in iii. 19 and 69;) so applied by those having a revealed scripture: (Bḍ in iii.69:) [and particularly] an Arab: (Jel in iii. 69, and Bḍ and Jel in lxii. 2:) [or] in the proper language [of the Arabs], of, or belonging to, or relating to, the nation (أُمَّة) of the Arabs, who did not write nor read: and therefore metaphorically applied to ‡ any one not knowing the art of writing nor that of reading: (Mgh:) or † one who does not write; (T, M, Ḳ;) because the art of writing is acquired; as though he were thus called in relation to the condition in which his mother (أُمَّهُ) brought him forth: (T:) or † one who is in the natural condition of the nation (الأُمَّة) to which he belongs, (Zj,* T, M,* Ḳ,*) in respect of not writing, (T,) or not having learned writing; thus remaining in his natural state: (M, Ḳ:) or † one who does not write well; said to be a rel. n. from أمٌّ; because the art of writing is acquired, and such a person is as his mother brought him forth, in respect of ignorance of that art; or, as some say, from أُمَّةُ العَرَبِ; because most of the Arabs were of this description: (Mṣb:) the art of writing was known among the Arabs [in the time of Moḥammad] by the people of Et-Táïf, who learned it from a man of the people of El-Heereh, and these had it from the people of El-Ambár. (T.) أُمِّيُّون لَا يَعْلَمُونَ الكِتَابَ, in the Ḳur ii. 73, means Vulgar persons, [or heathen,] who know not the Book of the Law revealed to Moses: (Jel:) or ignorant persons, who know not writing, so that they may read that book; or, who know not the Book of the Law revealed to Moses. (Bḍ.) Moḥammad was termed أُمِّىّ [meaning A Gentile, as distinguished from an Israelite: or, accord. to most of his followers, meaning illiterate;] because the nation (أُمَّة) of the Arabs did not write, nor read writing; and [they say that] God sent him as an apostle when he did not write, nor read from a book; and this natural condition of his was one of his miraculous signs, to which reference is made in the Ḳur [xxix. 47], where it is said, “thou didst not read, before it, from a book, nor didst thou write it with thy right hand:” (T, TA:) but accord. to the more correct opinion, he was not well acquainted with written characters nor with poetry, but he discriminated between good and bad poetry: or, as some assert, he became acquainted with writing after he had been unacquainted therewith, on account of the expression “before it” in the verse of the Ḳur mentioned above: or, as some say, this may mean that he wrote though ignorant of the art of writing, like as some of the kings, being أُمِّيُّون, write their signs, or marks: (TA:) or, accord. to Jaạfar Es-Sádik, he used to read from the book, or scripture, if he did not write. (Kull p. 73.) [Some judicious observations on this word are comprised in Dr. Sprenger's Life of Moḥammad (pp. 101-2); a work which, in the portion already published (Part I.), contains much very valuable information.]
Also, (Ḳ,) or [only] أُمِّىٌّ, (AZ, T, M,) applied to a man, (AZ, T,) Impotent in speech, (عَيِىّ, in the Ḳ incorrectly written غَبِىّ, TA,) of few words, and rude, churlish, uncivil, or surly. (AZ, T, M, Ḳ.)
أُمِّيَّةٌ The quality denoted by the epithet أُمِّىٌّ: (TA:) [gentilism: † heathenism:, &c.:] † the quality of being [in the natural condition of the nation to which one belongs, or] as brought forth by one's mother, in respect of not having learned the art of writing nor the reading thereof. (Kull p. 73.)
أُمَّهَةٌ: see أُمٌّ.
آمٌّ [act. part. n. of 1;] i. q. قَاصِدٌ: [see 1, first sentence:] (TA:) pl. إِمَامٌ, like as صِحَابٌّ is pl. of صَاحِبٌ, (M, Ḳ,) accord. to some, but others say that this is pl. of إِمَامٌ [q. v.; the sing. and pl. being alike]; (M;) and آمُّونَ. (TA.) Hence, in the Ḳur [v. 2], وَلَا آمِّينَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ [Nor those repairing to the Sacred House]. (TA.)
آمَّةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb) andمَأْمُومَةٌ↓, as some of the Arabs say, (IB, Mṣb,) because it implies the meaning of a pass. part. n., originally; (Mṣb;) but ʼAlee Ibn-Hamzeh says that this is a mistake; for the latter word is an epithet applied to the part called أُمُّ الدِّمَاغِ when it is broken; (IB;) or شَجَّةٌ آمَّةٌ andمَأْمُومَةٌ↓; (M, Mgh, Ḳ;) A wound by which the head is broken, (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) reaching to the part called أُمُّ الدِّمَاغِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) or, [which means the same,] أُمُّ الرَّأْسِ, (M, Ḳ,) so that there remains between it and the brain [only] a thin skin: (Ṣ:) it is the most severe of شِجَاج [except that which reaches the brain (see شَجَّةٌ)]: ISk says that the person suffering from it roars, or bellows, (يَصْعَقُ,) like thunder, and like the braying of camels, and is unable to go forth into the sun: (Mṣb:) the mulct for it is one third of the whole price of blood: (TA:) IAạr assigns the meaning of [this kind of] شَجَّة to أَمَّةٌ↓; which seems, therefore, to be either a dial. var. or a contraction of آمَّةٌ: (Mṣb:) the pl. of آمَّةٌ is أَوَامُّ (Mgh, Mṣb) andمآئِمُ↓; or this latter has no proper sing.: (M, TA:) the pl. ofمأْمُومَةٌ↓ is مَأْمُومَاتٌ. (Mgh, Mṣb.)
أَوَمُّ / أَيَمُّ
أَوَمُّ and أَيَمُّ Better in the performance of the office termed إِمَامَةٌ; followed by مِنْ: (Zj, T, M, Ḳ:) originally أَأَمُّ: the second hemzeh being changed by some into و and by some into ى. (Zj, T, M.)
أُوَيْمَّةٌ / أُيَيْمَّةٌ
مُؤَمٌّ: see أَمَمٌ.
مِئَمٌّ / مِئَمَّةٌ
مِئَمٌّ A camel that leads and guides: (M:) or a guide that shows the right way: and a camel that goes before the other camels: (Ḳ:) fem. with ة
مأْمُومٌ: see أَمِيمٌ.
Also A camel having his hump bruised internally by his being much ridden, or having his hump swollen in consequence of the galling of the saddle and the cloth beneath it, and bruised, and having his hump corroded: (Ṣ:) or whose fur has gone from his back in consequence of beating, or of galls, or sores, produced by the saddle or the like. (M, Ḳ.)
مأْمُومَةٌ: see آمَّةٌ, in three places.
مُؤَامٌّ: see أَمَمٌ, in two places.
مُؤْتَمٌّ act. part. n. of ائْتَمَّ بِهِ; Following as an example; imitating; taking as an example, an exemplar, a pattern, or an object of imitation. (Mṣb.)
مُؤْتَمٌّ بِهِ pass. part. n. of the same; Followed as an example; imitated;, &c.: thus distinguished from the former by the preposition with the object of its government. (Mṣb.)
مَآئِمُ: see آمَّةٌ.