Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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ارط ارف ارق

2. ⇒ أرّف

أَرَّفَهَا, (T, M, Mgh,) namely الدَّارَ, and الأَرْضَ, (T, M,) inf. n. تَأْرِيفٌ, (T,) He set, or put, limits, or boundaries,[أُرَف,] to it; (M, Mgh;) and marked it out: (Mgh:) or he divided it; and set, or put, limits, or boundaries, to it: (T:) namely the house, and the land. (T, M.) And أُرِّفَ عَلَى المَالِ, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) or على الأَرْضِ, inf. n. as above, (Ḳ,) The property, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb,) or the land, (Ḳ,) had limits, or boundaries, set, or put, to it, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or around it; (Mgh;) and was divided. (Ḳ.) When this is done, it is said that there is no شُفْغَة [or right of preemption] with respect to the property. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb.)

Root: ارف - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

تَأْرِيفٌ also signifies The tying a rope, or cord, so as to form a knot or knots. (Ḳ.)


إِنَّهُ لَفِى إِرْفِ مَجْدٍ i. q. إرْثِ مَجْدٍ [Verily he is of a glorious origin, race, or stock]: mentioned by Yaạḳoob as an instance of a change of letters. (M.)


أُرْفَةٌ A limit, or boundary, (Aṣ, T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) making a separation (Mṣb) between two pieces of land; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) a sign, or mark, (Aṣ, T, Ṣ, Mgh,) of the limits, or boundaries, between two pieces of land: (Ṣ:) and a separation between houses and estates: (M:) and a dam between two pieces of land sown or for sowing: (Th, M:) Yaạḳoob asserts that its ف is a substitute for the ث of أُرْثَةٌ [which is, however, less common]: (M:) the pl. is أُرَفٌ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) signifying, accord. to Lḥ, like أُرَثٌ, limits, or boundaries, between two pieces of land [&c.]; (T;) and it is said in a trad., that these cut off الشُّفْعَة [i. e. the right of preemption]; (T, Ṣ, Mgh;) meaning, in the language of the people of El-Ḥijáz, signs, or marks, and limits, or boundaries. (T.) Th relates that an Arab woman said, جَعَلَ عَلَيَّ زَوْجِى أُرْفَةً لَا أَجُوزُهَا, i. e. My husband set me a sign, or mark, [or limit,] beyond which I should not pass. (M.) And أُرْفَةُ أَجَلٍ signifies An extreme limit of a period of existence. (TA, from a trad.)

Root: ارف - Entry: أُرْفَةٌ Signification: A2

Also A knot. (Ṣgh, Ḳ.)


أُرْفِىٌّ A measurer of land, (Ḳ,* TA,) who marks it with limits, or boundaries. (TA.)


هُوَ مُؤَارِفِى He has his limit, or boundary, next to mine, in dwelling, and in place: (Ḳ:) a phrase like هُوَمُتَاخِمِى. (TA.)

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