Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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ادو ادى اذ

2. ⇒ أدّى

أدّاهُ, (T, Ṣ, M, &c.,) inf. n. تأُدِيَةٌ (T, Ṣ, Ḳ) and أَدَآءٌ, (T,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [and so, accord. to the Mṣb, is the former also, but this is a mistake,] He made it, or caused it, to reach, arrive, or come [to the appointed person or place, &c.]; he brought, conveyed, or delivered, it; syn. أَوْصَلَهُ; (M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) namely, a thing; (M;) as, for instance, الأَمَانَةَ إِلَى أهْلِهَا [the thing committed to his trust and care, to its owner]: (Mṣb:) he delivered it, gave it up, or surrendered it: (T:) he payed it, or discharged it; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) namely, his debt, (Ṣ,) a bloodwit, a responsibility, and the like; (Mṣb in art. غرم;) [and hence,] أَدَّى مَا عَلَيْهِ [he acquitted himself of that which was incumbent on him; or payed, or discharged, what he owed]: (T:) he performed, fulfilled, or accomplished, it; namely, [for instance,] الحَجَّ [the pilgrimage]; (Mṣb in art. قضى;) and in like manner, المَنَاسِكَ [the religious rites and ceremonies of the pilgrimage]. (Jel in ii. 196, and Mṣb ubi suprà.) It is said in the Ḳur [xliv. 17], أَنْ أَدُّوا إلَىَّ عِبَادَ ٱللّٰهِ, meaning Deliver ye to me [the servants of God,] the children of Israel: or, as some say, the meaning is, أَدُّوا إِلَىَّ مَا أَمَرَكُمُ ٱللّٰهُ بِهِ يَا عِبَادَٱللّٰهِ [perform ye to me that which God hath commanded you to do, O servants of God]: or it may mean listen ye, or give ye ear, to me; as though the speaker said, أَدُّوا إِلَىَّ سَمْعَكُمْ; the verb being used in this sense by the Arabs. (T.) And one says,تأَدَّيْتُ↓ لَهُ, مِنْ حَقِّهِ, (Ḳ, TA,) and إلَيْهِ, in the place of لَهُ, meaning أَدَّيْتُهُ; (TA;) i. e. I payed him his due, or right. (Ḳ, TA.) And a man says,مَا أَدْرِى كَيْفَ أَتَأَدَّى↓ [I know not how to pay]. (TA.) One says also, أدّى عَنْهُ [meaning He payed, or made satisfaction, for him]: and أدّى عَنْهُ الخَرَاجَ [He payed for him, or in his stead, the land-tax]. (Mgh in art. جزأ.) [Hence,] El-Akhnas says,

* فَأَدَّيْتُ عَنِّى مَا ٱسْتَعَرتُ مِنَ الصِّبَا *
* وَلِلْمَالِ عِنْدِىِ اليَوْمَ رَاعٍ وَكَاسِبُ *

i. e. But I have put away from me [what I had borrowed, or assumed, of the folishness of youth, and amorous dalliance,] and now I am [or there is at my abode] a keeper and collector to the camels, or cattle, or property. (Ḥam p. 346.)

Root: ادى - Entry: 2. Signification: A2

[أَدَّى إِلى كَذَا is a phrase often used as meaning It brought, conducted, led, or conduced, to such a thing or state; as, for instance, crime to punishment or to ignominy.]

4. ⇒ آدى

آدى, intrans. and trans.: see art. ادو.

5. ⇒ تأدّى

تأدّى إِلَيْهِ الخَبَرُ The information, or news, reached him. (Ṣ.)

Root: ادى - Entry: 5. Dissociation: B

See also 2, in two places.

10. ⇒ استأدى

استأداهُ مَالًا He desired, or sought, to obtain from him property, or sued, or prosecuted, him for it, or demanded it of him, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and extracted it, (Ṣ,) or took it, or received it, (Ḳ,) from him. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)

Root: ادى - Entry: 10. Dissociation: B


أَدَآءٌ a subst. from 2 [signifying The act of making, or causing, to reach, arrive, or come to the appointed person or place, &c.; of bringing, conveying, or delivering; of giving up, or surrendering; payment, or discharge, of a debt, &c.; the act of acquitting oneself of that which is incumbent on him; performance, fulfilment, or accomplishment]. (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ.)

Root: ادى - Entry: أَدَآءٌ Signification: A2

[Hence,] هُوَ حَسَنُ الأَدَآءِ He has a good manner of pronouncing, or uttering, the letters. (TA.)

Root: ادى - Entry: أَدَآءٌ Signification: A3

أَدَآءٌ as a term of the law signifies The performance of an act of religious service [such as prayer, &c.] at the appointed time: opposed to قَضَآءٌ, performance at a time other than that which is appointed. (Mṣb and TA in art. قضى.)


أَدِىٌّ: see art. ادو.


آدَى [a noun denoting the comparative and superlative degrees, irregularly formed from the verb أَدّى; like as the noun آدَى mentioned in art. ادو is irregularly formed from the verb آدَى]. You say, هُوَ آدَى لِلأَمَانةِ [He is more, or better, disposed to deliver, give up, or surrender, the thing committed to his trust and care] (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) مِنْكَ [than thou], (Ṣ,) or مِنْ غَيْرِهِ [than another than he]. (M,* Ḳ.) [Az says,] the vulgar say, أَدَّى لِلْأَمَانَةِ; but this is incorrect, and not allowable; and I have not known any one of the grammarians allow آدَى, because أَفْعَل denoting wonder [and the comparative and superlative degrees] is not formed but from the triliteral [verb], and one does not say, أَدَى in the sense of أَدَّى: the proper phrase is أَحْسَنُ أَدَآءً. (T.)

Root: ادى - Entry: آدَى.1 Dissociation: B


مُؤْدٍ: see art. ادو.

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