Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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ادر ادم ادو

1. ⇒ أدم

أَدَمَ الخُبْزَ, aor. ـِ {يَأْدِمُ}, (M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَدْمٌ; (M, Mṣb;) andآدمهُ↓, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِيدَامٌ; (TḲ;) He mixed the bread with أُدْم [or seasoning; i. e. he seasoned it]; (M, Ḳ;) he made the swallowing of the bread to be good, or agreeable, by means of إِدَام [or seasoning]. (Mṣb.) You say also, أَدَمَ الخُبْزَ بِاللَّحْمِ, aor. ـِ {يَأْدِمُ}, [he seasoned the bread, or rendered it savoury, with flesh-meat,] from أُدْمٌ and إِدَامٌ, signifying مَا يُؤْتَدمُ بِهِ. (Ṣ.)

Root: ادم - Entry: 1. Signification: A2

أَدَمَ القَوْمَ, aor. ـِ {يَأْدِمُ}, (Ḳ,) inf. n. أَدْمٌ; (TA;) orآدَمَهُمْ↓; (M;) or both; (TA;) He seasoned for the people, or company of men, (أَدَمَ لَهُمْ, [in the CK, erroneously, اَدامَ لهم,]) their bread; (M, Ḳ, TA;) i. e., mixed it [for them] with إِدَام (TA.)

Root: ادم - Entry: 1. Signification: A3

[From أَدَمَ in the first of the senses explained above, is app. derived the phrase,] أَدَمَهُ بِأَهْلِهِ He mixed him, associated him, or united him in company, with his family. (M.) [And in like manner,] أَدَمَ بَيْنَهُمَا, (T, Ṣ,) or بَيْنَهُمْ, (M, Mṣb,* Ḳ,) aor. ـِ {يَأْدِمُ}, (T, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَدْمٌ; (T, M, M$sudot;b;) andآدم↓, (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. إِيَدامٌ; (T, TA;) He (God, T, Ṣ, M, or a man, Mṣb) effected a reconciliation between them; brought them together; (Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ; [expl. in the M and Ḳ by لَاءَ مَ, for which we find in the CK لَاُمَ;]) made them sociable, or familiar, one with another; (Ṣ, Mṣb, TA;) and made them to agree: (TA:) or induced love and agreement between them: held by AʼObeyd to be from أُدْمٌ, because thereby food is made good and pleasant. (T.) It is said in a trad., فَإِنَّهُ أَحْرَى أَنْ يُؤْدَمَ بَيْنَكُمَا, meaning For it is most fit, or meet, that there should be, between you two, love and agreement: (T, Ṣ:) or, that peace, or reconciliation, and friendship, should continue between you two. (Mṣb.) And a poet says,

*وَالبِيضُ لَا يُؤْدِمْنَ↓ إِلَّا مُؤْدَمَا↓ *

i. e. [And the pure, or free from faults, among women,] do not love any save one who is made an object of love [by his good qualities], (T, Ṣ,) a proper object of love. (T.)

Root: ادم - Entry: 1. Dissociation: B

أَدَمَهُمْ, (T, M, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ {يَأْدِمُ}, (T,) or ـُ, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَدْمٌ, (M,)He was, or became, to them, what is termed أَدَمَة; (T, M, Ḳ;) i. e., one who made people to know them; (T;) or a pattern, an exemplar, an example, or one who was imitated, or to be imitated; and one by means of whom they were known: (M, Ḳ:) so says IAạr. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: 1. Dissociation: C

أَدَمَ الأَدِيمَ He pared, or removed the superficial part of, the hide: (T,* TA:) andآدَمَ↓ الأَدِيمَ, with medd, he pared off the أَدَمَة [q. v.] of the hide: (TA:) or the latter signifies he exposed to view the أَدَمَة [in the CK, erroneously, the اُدْمَة] of the hide. (M, Ḳ.)

Root: ادم - Entry: 1. Dissociation: D

أَدِمَ, aor. ـَ {يَأْدَمُ}, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَدَمٌ; (TḲ;) and أَدُمَ, aor. ـُ {يَأْدُمُ}, (M, Ḳ,) inf. n. أُدُومَةٌ (T, Ḳ) [or, more probably, أُدْمَةٌ, like سُمْرَةٌ, &c.]; He (a camel, and a gazelle, and a man,) was, or became, of the colour termed أُدْمَة, q. v. infrà. (M, Ḳ.)

2. ⇒ أدّم

أدّمهُ, inf. n. تَأْدِيمٌ, He put much إِدَام [or seasoning] into it. (TA.)

4. ⇒ آدَمَ

see 1, in five places.

8. ⇒ ائتدم

ائتدم بِهِ [written with the disjunctive alif اِيتَدَمَ] He made use of it [to render his bread pleasant, or savoury]; namely أُدْم, (M,* TA,) or إِدَام. (M.)[إِدَامٌ is explained in the T and Ṣ, &c. by the words مَا يُؤْتَدَمُ بِهِ, meaning That which is used for seasoning bread.]

Root: ادم - Entry: 8. Signification: A2

ائتدم العُودُThe wood, or branch, had the sap (المَآء) flowing in it. (Z, Ḳ.)

10. ⇒ استأدم

استأدمهُ He sought, or demanded, of him إِدَام [or seasoning]. (Z, TA.)


أَدْمٌ: see أُدْمَةٌ

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدْمٌ Dissociation: B

هُوَ أَدْمُ أَهْلِهِ: see أَدَمَةٌ.


أُدْمٌ: see إِدَامٌ.

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمٌ Signification: A2

هُوَ أُدْمُ أَهْلِهِ and أُدْمُ بَنِى أَبِيهِ: see أَدَمَةٌ.


أَدَمٌ: see أَدِيمٌ, in two places:

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمٌ Signification: A2
Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمٌ Dissociation: B

أَدَمُ: see آدَمُ.


هُوَ أَدْمَةُ أَهْلِهِ: see أَدَمَةٌ.


أُدْمَةٌ A state of mixing, or mingling, together [in familiar, or social, intercourse]. (Lth, T, M, Ḳ.) You say, بَيْنَهُمَا أُدْمَةٌ Between them two is a mixing,, &c. (Lth, T.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Signification: A2

Also, (M, Ḳ,) orأَدْمٌ↓, (Ṣ,) Agreement: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ, TA:) and familiarity, sociableness, companionship, or friendship. (Ṣ, TA. [The meanings in this sentence are assigned in the Ṣ only to the latter word: in the TA, only to the former.])

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Signification: A3

And the former, Relationship. (M, Ḳ.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Signification: A4

And A means of access (وَسِيلَةٌ, Fr, T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ) to a thing, (Fr, T, Ṣ,) and to a person; (Fr, T;) as alsoأَدَمَةٌ↓. (Ḳ.) You say, فُلَانٌ أُدْمَتِى إِلَيْكَ Such a one is my means of access to thee. (Fr, T.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Signification: A5

And [hence,] A present which one takes with him in visiting a friend or a great man; in Peraian دَسْت آوِيز. (Ḳ, L.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Signification: A6

هُوَ أُدْمَةُ أَهْلِهِ and هُوَ أُدْمَةٌ لِفُلَانٍ: see أَدَمَةٌ.

Root: ادم - Entry: أُدْمَةٌ Dissociation: B

In camels, A colour intermixed, or tinged, with blackness, or with whiteness; or clear whiteness; (M, Ḳ;) or, as some say, (TA,) intense whiteness; (Ṣ, TA;) or whiteness, with blackness of the eyeballs: (Nh, TA:) and in gazelles, a colour intermixed, or tinged, with whiteness: (M, Ḳ:) or in gazelles and in camels, whiteness: (T:) and in human beings, (M, Ḳ,) a tawny colour; or darkness of complexion; syn. سُمْرَةٌ [q. v.]; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) or an intermixture, or a tinge, of blackness; (Lth, T;) or intense سُمْرَة [or tawniness]; and it is said to be from أُدْمَةُ الأَرْضِ, meaning the colour of the earth: (Nh, TA:) or [in men,] i. q. حُمْرَةٌ [which, in this case, signifies whiteness of complexion]: (TA:) accord. to AḤn, it signifies whiteness; syn. بَيَاضٌ. (M.) [See also آدَمُ.]


أَدَمَةٌ: see أُدْمَةٌ.

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمَةٌ Signification: A2

هُوَ أَدَمَةُ أَهْلِهِ,andأُدْمَةُ↓, (M, Ḳ,) andأُدْمَتُهُمْ↓, (M,) orأَدْمَتُهُمْ↓, (Ḳ,) andأُدْمُهُمْ↓, (M,) orأَدْمُهُمْ↓, andإِدَامُهُمْ↓, (Ḳ,)He is the pattern, exemplar, example, or object of imitation, of his people, or family, by means of whom they are known: (M, Ḳ:) so says IAạr. (M.) And جَعَلْتُ فُلَانًا أَدَمَةَ أَهْلِىI made such a one to be the pattern, exemplar, example, or object of imitation, of my people, or family. (T, Ṣ.) And هُوَ أَدَمَةٌ لِفُلَانٍ, andأُدْمَةٌ↓, ‡ He is a pattern,, &c., to such a one. (Fr, TA.) And فُلَانٌ أَدَمَةُ بَنِى فُلَانٍSuch a one is he who makes people to know the sons of such a one. (T.) And هُوَ أَدَمَةُ قَوْمِهِHe is the chief, and provost, of his people. (A, TA.) Andفُلَانٌ إِدَامُ↓ قَوْمِهِ, andأُدْمُ↓ بَنى أَبِيهِ, ‡ Such a one is the aider, and manager of the affairs, and the support, and right orderer of the affairs, of his people, and of the sons of his father. (A, TA.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمَةٌ Dissociation: B

[The inner skin; the cutis, or derma;] the interior of the skin, which is next to the flesh; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) the exterior thereof being called the بَشَرَة: (Ṣ:) or (as some say, M) the exterior thereof, upon which is the hair; the interior thereof being called the بَشَرَة: (M, Ḳ:) andأَدَمٌ↓ may be its pl.; [or rather, a coll. gen. n.;] or, accord. to Sb, it is a quasi-pl. n. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمَةٌ Signification: B2

Accord. to some, (M,) What appears of the skin of the head. (M, Ḳ. [See بَشَرَةٌ.])

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدَمَةٌ Signification: B3

And † The interior of the earth or ground; (M, Ḳ;) the surface thereof being called its أَدِيم: (M, TA:) or, as some say, its surface. (TA.)


أَدَمِىٌّ A seller of[أَدَم, or] skins, or hides: (TA:) andأَدَّامٌ↓ signifies the same; and particularly a seller of goats' skins. (Golius, from the larger work entitled Mirḳát el-Loghah.)

أُدْماَنٌ / أُدْمَانَةٌ

أُدْماَنٌ and أُدْمَانَةٌ: see آدَمُ.


إِدَامٌ (T, Ṣ, M, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) andأُدْمٌ↓ (the same except the Ḳ) [Seasoning, or condiment, for bread; and any savoury food;] what is used for seasoniny (مَا يُؤْتَدَمُ بِهِ, T, Ṣ, M,* Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) with bread; (T, TA;) that which renders bread pleasant and good and savoury; (IAmb, Mgh;) whether fluid or not fluid; (Mgh, Mṣb;) صِبْغٌ and صِبَاغٌ being peculiarly applied to that which is fluid: (Mgh:) or أُدْمٌ is anything that is eaten with bread: (TA:) the pl. [of mult.] of إِدَامٌ is أُدُمٌ, (Mgh, Mṣb,) and, by contraction, أُدْمٌ, which is also used as the sing., (Mṣb,) and [pl. of pauc.] آدِمَةٌ (M, Ḳ) and آدَامٌ; (Ḳ;) or this last is pl. of أُدْمٌ. (M, Mgh, Mṣb, TA.) It is said in a trad., نِعْمَ الإِدَامُ الخَلُّ [Excellent, or most excel-lent, is the seasoning, vinegar!]. (T, TA.) And in another, سَيِّدُ آدَامِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ اللَّحْمُ [The prince of the seasonings of the present world and of the world to come is flesh-meat]. (TA.)

Root: ادم - Entry: إِدَامٌ Signification: A2

هُوَ إِدَامُ أَهْلِهِ, and إِدَامُ قَوْمِهِ: see أَدَمَةٌ.

Root: ادم - Entry: إِدَامٌ Signification: A3

Anything conforming, or conformable; agreeing, or agreeable; suiting, or suitable. (M, Ḳ.) [Used also as a pl.: thus,] 'Ádiyeh Ed-Dubeyreeyeh says,

* كَانُوا لِمَنْ خَالَطَهُمْ إِدَامَا *

[They were, to those who mixed with them in social intercourse, conformable, or agreeable.] (M.)


أَدِيمٌ i. q.مَأْدُومٌ↓ [Seasoned]: (T:) orطَعَامٌ مَأْدُومٌ↓ [seasoned food]; (M, Ḳ;) food in which is إِدَام. (TA.) Hence the prov., سَمْنُكُمْ هُرِيقَ فِى أَدِيمِكُمْ [Your clarified butter is poured into your seasoned food]; (T, TA;) applied to a niggardly man; (Ḥar p. 462;) meaning, your good, or wealth, returns unto you: (TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is, into your سِقَآء [or skin]: (T, Ḥar * ubi suprà:) and the vulgar say, فِى دَقِيقِكُمْ [into your flour]. (TA.) And the saying, سَمْنُهُمْ فِى أَدِيمِهِمْ [Their clarified butter is in their seasoned food]; meaning, their good, or wealth, returns unto them. (M.) And the saying of Khadeejeh to the Prophet,إِنَّكَ لَتَكْسِبُ المَعْدُومَ↓ وَتُطْعِمُ المَأْدُومَ (M, TA) Verily thou gainest what is denied to others, or makest others to gain what they have not, of the things they want, or makest the poor to gain, (TA in art. عدم,) and givest to eat food in which is إِدَام. (TA in the present art.) [Hence also,]أَطْعَمْتُكَ مَأْدُومِى↓ (M, Ḳ) meaning أَتَيْتُكَ بِعُذْرِى [I gave thee my excuse; or, perhaps, my virginity; see عُذْرَةٌ]: (Ḳ:) [or,] as some say, the meaning is, my good manners: said by the wife of Dureyd Ibn-Eṣ-Ṣimmeh, on the occasion of his divorcing her. (M, TA.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A2

And hence, (Ḥam p. 205, Mgh,) Tanned skin or hide; leather: (M, Ḥam, Mgh, Mṣb:) or skin, or hide, (M, Ḳ,) in whatever state it be: (M:) or red skin or hide: (M, Ḳ:) or skin, or hide, in the state after that in which it is termed أَفِيقٌ; that is, when it is complete [in its tanning] and has become red: (M:) or the exterior of the skin of anything: (T:) pl. [of pauc.] آدِمَةٌ (Ṣ, M, Ḳ) and آدَامٌ and [of mult.] أُدُمٌ, (M, Ḳ,) the last from Lḥ, and [says ISd] I hold that he who says رُسْلٌ says أُدْمٌ, (M,) andأَدَمٌ↓, (T, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or this is a quasi-pl. n., (Sb, M, Mgh,) [often used as a gen. n.,] of which آدَامٌ may be pl. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A3

اِبْنِ أَدِيمٍ and اِبْنُ أَدِيمَيْنِ and اِبْنُ ثَلَاثَةِ آدِمَةٍ: see اِبْنٌ in art. بنى. One says, إِنَّمَا يُعَاتَبُ الأَدِيمُ ذُو البَشَرَةِ [lit.] Only the hide that has the exterior part, upon which the hair grows, is put again into the tan: (T:) a prov.; (TA;) meaning, only he is disciplined, or reproved, who is an object of hope, and in whom is full intelligence, and strength; (T, TA, and AḤn in TA, art. بشر [where, however, in the TA, دُونَ is erroneously put for ذو];) and only he is disputed with in whom is place for dispute. (TA.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A4

أَدِيمُ الحَرْبِ is used metaphorically for أَدِيمُ أَهْلِ الحَرْبِ[The skin of the warriors, or of the people engaged in war or fight]. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A5

فُلَانٌ صَحِيحُ الأَدِيمِ [lit. Such a one is sound of skin] means ‡ such a one is sound in respect of origin, and of honour, or reputation. (Ḥar p. 135.) You say also, فُلَانٌ بَرِىْءُ الأَدِيمِ مِمَّا لُطِخَ بِهِ [meaning ‡ Such a one is clear in honour, or reputation, of that with which he has been aspersed]. (M,* TA.) Andمَزَّقَ أَدَمِى↓He rent my honour, or reputation. (Ḥar ubi suprà.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A6

أَدِيمٌ also signifies ‡ The surface of the earth or ground: (Ṣ, M:) [see also أَدَمَةٌ, last sentence:] or what appears thereof, (Ḳ,) and of the sky. (M, Ḳ.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A7

And ‡ The first part of the period called الضُّحَى. (M, Ḳ, TA.) You say, جِئْتُكَ أَدِيمَ الضُّحَىI came to thee in the first part of the ضحى; (Lḥ, M;) app. meaning, عِنْدَ ٱرْتِفَاعِ الضُّحَى [when the morning was becoming advanced; when the sun was becoming high]. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: أَدِيمٌ Signification: A8

And ‡ The whiteness of day: (IAạr, M, Ḳ, TA:) and ‡ the darkness of night: (IAạr, M, TA:) or ‡ the whole of the day, (M, A, Ḳ, TA,) and of the night. (A, TA.) You say, ظَلَّ أَدِيمَ النَّهَارِ صَائِمًا وَأَدِيمَ اللَّيْلِ قَائِمًاHe continued the whole of the day fasting, and the whole of the night standing [in prayer, &c.]. (A, TA.)


أَدَّامٌ: see أَدَمِىٌّ.


آدَمُ Of the colour termed أُدْمَةٌ: pl. أُدْمٌ andأُدْمَانٌ↓; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) the latter like حُمْرَانٌ as a pl. of أَحْمَرُ: (M:) the fem. sing. is أَدْمَآءُ andأُدْمَانَةٌ↓; (Ṣ M, Ḳ;) the latter anomalous; (Ḳ;) occurring in poetry, but disapproved (Ṣ, M) by Aṣ; (Ṣ;) said by Aboo-ʼAlee to be like خُمْصَانَةٌ; (M;) and the fem. pl. is أُدْمٌ: (Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) applied to a camel, of a colour intermixed, or tinged, with blackness, or with whiteness; or of a clear white; (M, Ḳ;) or, as some say, intensely white; (TA;) or white, and black in the eyeballs; (Ṣ;) or white; (Aṣ, T;) and so applied to a gazelle: (T:) or, applied to a gazelle, of a colour intermixed, or tinged, with whiteness; (M, Ḳ;) Lth, however, says that أَدْمَآءُ is applied to a female gazelle, but he had not heard آدَمُ applied to the male gazelle; (TA;) and Aṣ says, (Ṣ,) أُدْمٌ applied to gazelles signifies white, having upon them streaks in which is a dust-colour, (Ṣ, M,) inhabiting the mountains, and of the colour of the mountains; (Ṣ;) if of a pure white colour, they are termed آرَامٌ: (T, TA:) or, accord. to ISk, white in the bellies, tawny in the backs, and having the colour of the bellies and of the backs divided by two streaks of the colour of musk; and in like manner explained by IAạr: (T:) applied to a human being, آدَمُ signifies tawny; or dark-complexioned; syn. أَسْمَرُ; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) or, thus applied, it signifies أحْمَرُ اللَّوْنِ [which, in this case, means white of complexion]; (TA;) and the pl. is أُدْمِانٌ. (Ṣ.) The Arabs say, قُرَيْشُ الإِبِلِ أُدْمُهَا وَصُهْبُهَا, meaning The best of camels are those of them which are أُدْم and those of them which are صُهْب; [see أَصْهَبُ;] like as Kureysh are the best of men. (M.)

Root: ادم - Entry: آدَمُ Signification: A2

Also [Adam,] the father of mankind; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) and likewise أَدَمُ↓; but this is extr.: (Ḳ:) there are various opinions respecting its derivation; but [these it is unnecessary to mention, for] the truth is that it is a foreign word, [i. e. Hebrew,] of the measure فَاعَلُ, like آزَرُ: (MF:) and [therefore] its pl. is أَوَادِمُ. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)


آدَمِىٌّ [Of, or relating to, Adam: and hence, human: and a human being:] a rel. n. from آدَمُ. (TA.)


إِيدَامَةٌLevel, hard, but not rugged, ground: (Aṣ:) or hard ground without stones; (Ḳ;) from أَدِيمٌ signifying the “surface” of the earth or ground: (TA:) or ground somewhat elevated; not much so; only found in plains, and producing vegetation, which, however, is disapproved, because its situation is rugged, and little water remains in it: (ISh:) pl. أَيَادِيمُ, (Aṣ, Esh-Sheybánee, IB, Ḳ,) which J erroneously says has no sing.: (Ḳ:) for he says, [in the Ṣ,] أَيَادِيمُ signifies hard and elevated tracts (مُتُون) of ground; and has no sing. (TA.)

مُؤْدَمٌ / مُؤْدَمَةٌ

مُؤْدَمٌ, as in an ex. cited above, (see 1,) Made an object of love; (T, Ṣ;) a proper object of love. (T.)

Root: ادم - Entry: مُؤْدَمٌ Dissociation: B

رَجُلٌ مُؤْدَمٌ مُبْشَرٌA man who is skilful, and experienced in affairs, (M, Ḳ,) who combines [qualities like] softness of the interior skin and roughness of the exterior skin: (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ:) or who combines softness and hardness, or gentleness and force, with knowledge of affairs: (T:) or who combines such qualities that he is suited to hardship and to easiness of circumstances: (Aṣ, T:) or, accord. to IAạr, having a thick and good skin: (M:) or beloved: (TA:) the fem. is with ة {مُؤْدَمَةٌ}: (M, Ḳ:) you say, اِمْرَأَةٌ مُؤْدَمَةٌ مُبْشَرَةٌ, meaning ‡ a woman goodly in her aspect and faultless in her intrinsic qualities: and sometimes the former epithet, with and without ة, as applied to a woman and to a man respectively, is put after the latter. (M.) See also art. بشر.


مَأْدُومٌ: see أَدِيمٌ, in four places.

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