Classical Arabic - English Dictionary

by Edward William Lane (1801-1876)

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اجر اجص اجل

إِجَّاصٌ / إِجَّاصَةٌ

إِجَّاصٌ [The plum;] a certain fruit, (Ḳ, TA,) of the description termed فَاكِهَة, (TA,) well known; (Mṣb, Ḳ;) cold and moist; or, as some say, of moderate temperature; (TA;) which facilitates the flow of the yellow bile; (Ḳ;) i. e., its juice, or water, does so, when drunk with sugar-candy (طَبَرْزَذ) and manna (تَرَنْجُبِين) added to it; (TA;) and allays thirst, and heat of the heart; (Ḳ;) but it relaxes the stomach, and does not agree with it; and it generates a watery mixture; and its injurious effect is repelled by the drinking of sugary سِكَنْجُبِين [or oxymel]: it is of several kinds: (TA:) [the most common is the Damasc, or Damascene, plum:] the best is (Ḳ, TA) the Armenian, (TA,) that which is sweet and large: (Ḳ, TA:) the sour, or acid, is less laxative, and more cold: (TA:) the n. un. is with ة {إِجَّاصَةٌ}: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) you should not say إِنْجَاصٌ; (Yaạḳoob, Ṣ, Ḳ;) or this is a word of weak authority, (Ḳ, TA,) and you say إِجَّاصٌ and إِنجَاصٌ like as one says إِجَّارٌ and إِنْجَارٌ: (TA:) in the dial. of the Syrians, the إِجَّاصٌ [or إِنْجَاص or إِنجَاس accord. to common modern usage among them] is the [pear which they formerly called] مِشْمِش and [which others call] كُمَّثْرَى: (Ḳ:) it is of the growth of the country of the Arabs: (AḤn:) اجّاص is an adventitious word, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or arabicized, (Mṣb,) because ج and ص do not both occur in any Arabic word: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or, accord. to Az, they do so occur; as, for instance, in حَصَّصَ, and in صَجٌّ. (TA.)

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